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13123 Paraguay - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 13123

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and PARAGUAY

 

Signed at Asuncion October 27, 2000

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

PARAGUAY

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Asuncion October 27, 2000;
Entered into force October 27, 2000.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Secretariat of the
Environment of Paraguay
for Cooperation in
the GLOBE Program
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting
on behalf of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in
the GLOBE Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of
Education and Culture and the Secretariat of the Environment of
Paraguay (hereinafter, the Paraguayan side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world
about the global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the
Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and
mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to
Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and
education program that brings students, teachers, and scientists
together to study the global environment. GLOBE has created an
international network of students at primary, middle and secondary
school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one
another and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE
Program (details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, the GLOBE environmental measurements and
define specifications for measurement equipment (detail
provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE
environmental measurements, and support the U.S. members
of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to
measurement procedures and data reporting protocols into the
six United Nations languages, and provide a copy of these
plus all broader GLOBE educational materials to the
Paraguayan side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country
Coordinators and GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers
for additional GLOBE teachers in Paraguay;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data
processing capabilities and other necessary technology and
equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Paraguayan
GLOBE school computers. (To the extent possible, textual
material appearing on computer screens will be accessible in
the student's choice among the six United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools
around the world, and develop and provide resultant global
environmental images to the Paraguayan side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in
consultation with international GLOBE Country Coordinators,
and modify the overall program as appropriate.
B. The Paraguayan side will:
1. Identify Paraguayan schools that will participate in the
GLOBE Program (details regarding GLOBE schools in
Appendix A) and provide an updated list of Paraguayan
GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each
school year;
2. Ensure that Paraguayan GLOBE schools conduct the
fundamental activities of GLOBE schools detailed in
Appendix A (take GLOBE environmental measurements,
report data, and receive and use resultant global environmental
images, using GLOBE educational materials under the
guidance of teachers trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Paraguayan Government Point of Contact responsible
for policy-level communications with the Director of the
GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day
management, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE
Program in Paraguay;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE
teachers attend GLOBE regional training and in turn provide
GLOBE training to at least one teacher in each Paraguayan
GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to
measurement procedures and data reporting protocols are
3
utilized in Paraguayan GLOBE schools, and that broader
GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated,
adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all Paraguayan
GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE
schools to take GLOBE environmental measurements meets
GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Paraguayan GLOBE
schools calibrate GLOBE measurement equipment according
to procedures provided in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Paraguayan GLOBE schools have the necessary
computer and communications systems to allow
Internet/World Wide Web access in order to report GLOBE
environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE
environmental images; if such computer and communications
systems are not available in Paraguayan schools, make agreed
alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt (At a
minimum, the Paraguayan Country Coordinator will need
access to the Internet so that all measurement data from
Paraguayan GLOBE schools will be reported via Internet.);
and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Paraguay periodically and
assist the U.S. side in conducting periodic evaluation of the
overall GLOBE Program.
ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities
under this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this
agreement are subject to its respective funding procedures and the
availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources. The
conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with the
relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Paraguay.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental
images, software, and educational materials will be available
worldwide without restriction as to their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE
GLOBE PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may
deem appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons
and goods into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such
goods into U.S. and Paraguayan territory free of customs duties and
other similar charges, as is necessary to implement this agreement, to
the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the United States
and Paraguay.
4
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides
and will remain in force for five years. It will be automatically
extended for further five-year periods, unless either side decides to
terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months written
notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side
upon three months prior written notice to the other side. This
agreement may be amended by written agreement of the two sides.
Done at Asuncion, Paraguay on the twenty seventh day of October,
2000, in triplicate, in the English and Spanish languages, both texts
being equally authentic.
For the Government of the
United States of America
Title:
Signature
David N. Greenlee
Ambassador of the United States of America
For the Government of Paraguay
Signature
Title:
Vice Minister of Education
Blanca Ovelar de Duarte
Signature
Juan Francisco Facetti
Title: Secretary of the Environment
5
APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating
schools. Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of
the GLOBE Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the
selection of schools that will maximize the number and geographic
distribution of students worldwide participating in the program. Also,
countries should consider involving schools in locations that will yield
measurement data that is important to the international science
community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the
following fundamental activities: they make environmental
measurements at or near their schools; report their data to a GLOBE
data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE
schools around the world; and study the environment by relating their
observations and the resulting images to broader environmental topics.
All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of specially
trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the
guidance of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain
instructional materials detailing procedures for taking environmental
measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain the
significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the
program into a broader study of the environment.
6
APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way
to the scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global
environment. The set of GLOBE measurements reflects the desire of
GLOBE Program management, scientists, and educators to respond to
the needs of the education community as well as to provide
scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE Schools are
strongly encouraged to participate in the full range of GLOBE Science
measurements. Instrument costs vary, depending on the optional
methodologies selected and on equipment already available. GLOBE
instruments need to meet functional and performance specifications;
they do not need to be purchased from specific vendors.
ATMOSPHERE/CLIMATE STUDIES
Air Temperature: current, daily maximum and minimum
Clouds: cloud cover, cloud type
Precipitation: rain/snow daily amounts, pH
HYDROLOGY STUDIES
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen,
nitrates, salinity, electrical conductivity
Transparency
SOILS STUDIES
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Soil Characterization: structure, color, consistence, texture, bulk
density, particle size distribution, pH, fertility
LAND COVER/BIOLOGY STUDIES
Biometery: extent of canopy and ground cover, tree height and
circumference, species identification
Land Cover: correlation of in situ measurements with remote sensing
data.
7
APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all
schools are encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom
computers. The Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-
access capability has been selected to support the required GLOBE
school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may
require, in some cases, that environmental measurements be reported
via e-mail or in hardcopy and that a variety of media, including e-mail
and hardcopy, he used to distribute global environmental images. All
schools that want to participate in the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually
evolve to higher levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade
over time.



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