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13154 Bahrain - Agreement for Cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program


   
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TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 13154

 

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program

 

 


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and BAHRAIN

 

Signed at Manama June 16, 2001

with

Appendices

 

 

 


 

NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

 

BAHRAIN

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Manama June 16, 2001;
Entered into force June 16, 2001.
With appendices.

AGREEMENT between
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America
and
The Ministry of Education of the State of Bahrain
for Cooperation in
The GLOBE Program
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on behalf
of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in the GLOBE
Program (hereinafter, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of Education of The State
of Bahrain (hereinafter, the Bahraini side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world about the
global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit
the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1 - THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and education
program that brings students, teachers, and scientists together to study the
global environment. GLOBE has created an international network of students
at primary, middle and secondary school levels studying environmental issues,
making environmental measurements, and sharing useful environmental data
with one another and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. The U.S. side will:
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and educators, the
GLOBE environmental measurements and define specifications for
measurement equipment (detail provided in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE environmental
measurements, and support the U.S. members of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and educators,
GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols into the six United Nations
languages, and provide a copy of these plus all broader GLOBE
educational materials to the Bahraini side for further reproduction as
necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country Coordinators
and GLOBE teachers who will serve as trainers for additional GLOBE
teachers in Bahrain;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on Bahraini GLOBE
school computers (To the extent possible, textual material appearing on
computer screens will be accessible in the student's choice among the
six United Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools around the
world, and develop and provide resultant global environmental images
to the Bahraini side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in consultation with
international GLOBE Country Coordinators, and modify the overall
program as appropriate.
B. The Bahraini side will:
1. Identify Bahraini schools that will participate in the GLOBE Program
(details regarding GLOBE schools in Appendix A) and provide an
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updated list of Bahrain's GLOBE schools to the U.S. side at the
beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Bahrain's GLOBE schools conduct the fundamental
activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A (take GLOBE
environmental measurements, report data, and receive and use resultant
global environmental images, using GLOBE educational materials
under the guidance of teachers trained to conduct the GLOBE
Program);
3. Name a Bahraini Government Point of Contact responsible for policy-
level communications with the Director of the GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day management,
oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program in Bahrain;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE teachers attend
GLOBE regional training and in turn provide GLOBE training to at
least one teacher in each Bahraini GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to measurement
procedures and data reporting protocols are utilized in (Country's)
GLOBE schools, and that broader GLOBE educational materials are
appropriately translated, adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all
Bahraini GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE schools to take
GLOBE environmental measurements meets GLOBE specifications
(described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Bahraini GLOBE schools calibrate
GLOBE measurement equipment according to procedures provided in
GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Bahraini GLOBE schools have the necessary computer and
communications systems to allow Internet/World Wide Web access in
order to report GLOBE environmental measurements and to receive and
use GLOBE environmental images; if such computer and
communications systems are not available in Bahraini schools, make
agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting and receipt (At a
minimum, the Bahraini Country Coordinator will need access to the
Internet so that all measurement data from Bahraini GLOBE schools
will be reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Bahrain periodically and assist the U.S.
side in conducting periodic evaluation of the overall GLOBE Program.
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ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities under
this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this agreement are subject
to its respective funding procedures and the availability of appropriated funds,
personnel, and other resources. The conduct of activities under this agreement
will be consistent with the relevant laws and regulations of the United States
and Bahrain.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental images,
software, and educational materials will be available worldwide without
restriction as to their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE 5 - RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE
PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may deem
appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons and
goods into and out of its territory and to accord entry to such goods into U.S.
and Bahraini territory free of customs duties and other similar charges, as is
necessary to implement this agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and
regulations of the United States and Bahrain.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides and will
remain in force for five years. It will be automatically extended for further five-
year periods, unless either side decides to terminate it and so notifies the other
side with three months written notice. This agreement may be terminated at
any time by either side upon three months prior written notice to the other side.
This agreement may be amended by written agreement of the two sides.
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Done at Manama on the 16th day of June, 2001, in duplicate.
For the National Oceanic and For the Ministry of Education:
Atmospheric Administration:
Mr. Joseph Mussomeli
Charge' d'Affaires
U.S. Embassy
H.E. Dr. Mohamed Bin Jassim Alghatam
Minister
Ministry of Education
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APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating schools.
Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of the GLOBE
Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the selection of schools that
will maximize the number and geographic distribution of students worldwide
participating in the program. Also, countries should consider involving schools
in locations that will yield measurement data that is important to the
international science community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the following
fundamental activities: They make environmental measurements at or near
their schools; report their data to a GLOBE data processing site; receive vivid
graphical global environmental images created from their data and the data
from other GLOBE schools around the world; and study the environment by
relating their observations and the resulting images to broader environmental
topics. All of these activities are conducted under the guidance of specially
trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the guidance
of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain instructional materials
detailing procedures for taking environmental measurements and protocols for
reporting data; they also explain the significance of the measurements, guide
the use of the global environmental images, and integrate the measurement
aspects of the program into a broader study of the environment.
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APPENDIX B
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way to the
scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global environment. The set of
GLOBE measurements reflects the desire of GLOBE Program management,
scientists, and educators to respond to the needs of the education community as
well as to provide scientifically useful environmental data. All GLOBE
Schools are strongly encouraged to participate in the full range of GLOBE
Science measurements. Instrument costs vary, depending on the optional
methodologies selected and on equipment already available. GLOBE
instruments need to meet functional and performance specifications; they do not
need to be purchased from specific vendors.
ATMOSPHERE/CLIMATE STUDIES
Air Temperature: maximum, minimum, current
Precipitation: rain, snow, pH
Cloud cover/ type
Relative Humidity
Ozone
Aerosols
Barometric Pressure
HYDROLOGY STUDIES
Surface Water Temperature
Surface Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity, dissolved oxygen,
nitrates, salinity, electrical conductivity
Transparency
SOILS STUDIES
Soil Temperature
Soil Moisture
Soil Characterization: structure, color, texture, pH, fertility, porosity
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LAND COVER/PHENOLOGY
Canopy and ground cover,
Biometry (tree height, diameter, grass biomass)
Species Identification
Land Cover classification and mapping
Phenology: Green up and green down
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APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all schools are
encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom computers. The
Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-access capability has been
selected to support the required GLOBE school activities of data entry, data
analysis, and use of global environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may require, in
some cases, that environmental measurements be reported via e-mail or in
hardcopy and that a variety of media, including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to
distribute global environmental images. All schools that want to participate in
the program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually evolve to
higher levels and participants will be encouraged to upgrade over time.
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