The Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program, under the auspices of the Office of Export Control Cooperation, in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, U.S. Department of State (ISN/ECC), seeks to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and destabilizing accumulations and irresponsible transfers of conventional weapons by building effective national strategic trade control systems in countries that possess, produce, or supply strategic items, as well as in countries through which such items are most likely to transit.
In developing and improving these trade and border control systems, we work to ensure conformity with international standards for regulating trade in items on the control lists of the multilateral export control regimes, to prevent the authorization of transfers to end-uses and end-users of proliferation concern, and to detect and interdict illicit transfers at the border. In building countries' capacity in this critical area, the EXBS Program advances U.S. efforts to establish a global WMD detection architecture and helps key partners meet their obligations and commitments pursuant to important U.S. and international initiatives, including UN Security Council Resolution 1540, the Proliferation Security Initiative, the National Security Strategy and adherence to the guidelines of multilateral export control regimes.
The EXBS Program works with partner governments to identify regulatory and institutional gaps and to develop resource requirements. The program provides a wide range of technical assistance, from executive exchanges to training workshops to the provision of detection equipment and specialized training for border control and enforcement agencies. The program provides assistance in five core areas:
The EXBS Program draws on the expertise and cooperation of a range of U.S. government agencies, the private sector, and U.S. and international nongovernmental organizations to provide the legal, licensing and enforcement training, along with the necessary information systems and equipment, to put the relevant capabilities into the hands of willing governments.
Training and Equipment:
The EXBS Program is active in more than 60 countries with a budget in fiscal year 2013 of about $55 million. The EXBS Program's comprehensive approach, flexibility, responsiveness, and interagency approach make it a unique resource for addressing critical aspects of the United States' nonproliferation objectives. The EXBS Program draws from the curriculums of its implementers to provide nearly 100 types of activities and training that address every aspect of the five core pillars of strategic trade controls at the local, national, and regional level. These include specialized topics relevant at every step of the strategic trade control system, from proliferation awareness for senior policymakers, to legal/regulatory models, to licensing practices, to commodity identification training and detection and enforcement techniques at air, land, sea, and rail borders. The EXBS Program also provides state-of-the-art detection equipment and equipment training. To help implement and coordinate program assistance, ECC obligates funds to hire and station program advisors in select partner countries as priorities dictate. For more information on our advisor program, see our
EXBS sponsors regional and global conferences to bring national policymakers and technical experts together to share information about proliferation challenges and the latest developments in the multilateral nonproliferation regimes, to compare experiences, and to facilitate information-sharing and networking. EXBS sponsors regular International Export Control Conferences and Global Transshipment Seminars, as well as many regional conferences. EXBS events have also focused on UN Security Council Resolution 1540 implementation and improved controls on conventional arms, including MANPADS and small arms/light weapons, and dual-use items.
Collaboration and Exchanges:
EXBS works with other strategic trade control assistance providers such as the European Union and Japan, as well as with related U.S. Government programs such as the Department of Defense’s (ICP), the Department of Energy’s and (SLD), and the State Department's (CT) and the (INL). EXBS also partners with countries to share information and exchange best practices and technical expertise.
ISN/ECC has a mandate from the White House to coordinate U.S. Government assistance in the area of export and related border control assistance, and does this primarily through its chairing of the Interagency Working Group on Nonproliferation Export and Border Control Assistance (IWG). Through this mechanism, ISN/ECC coordinates the efforts of other U.S. Government agencies that have independent programs to work in the nonproliferation strategic trade control/border security area in order to ensure an integrated U.S. Government effort.
The Department of Defense’s (ICP) and Proliferation Prevention Program (PPP) and the Department of Energy’s (SLD) and (INECP) provide related assistance and, within State, the (CT) and the (INL) provide border security assistance that can overlap with EXBS efforts.
Several U.S. Government programs, the private sector, academic community, and international organizations participate in implementation of EXBS outreach. For instance, EXBS collaborates with the DOE/INECP in delivery of commodity identification training to partner countries’ border enforcement officials. Further, licensing and enforcement experts from the Department of Commerce, Justice, and Homeland Security contribute their expertise to EXBS activities.
Implementation and Support of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540:
The assistance provided the EXBS Program also aids other nations in fulfilling their UNSCR 1540 commitments. UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (April 2004) requires UN member states to adopt and enforce effective laws and measures to prevent non-State actors from developing or acquiring WMD.