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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE)


Most documents and commitments dealing with military aspects of security concern the whole OSCE area and all OSCE States. However, some documents of key importance for military security in Europe were adopted - and are valid for - only some of the OSCE participating States. This is the case of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), and the Open Skies Treaty.

In an effort to enhance military stability and security in Europe the CSCE follow-up meeting in Vienna (1986-1989) endorsed a mandate for negotiations on the level of conventional armed forces in Europe. The negotiations were carried out within the framework of the CSCE among 23 participating States - those belonging to NATO and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO). They resulted in the legally binding agreement known as the CFE Treaty, signed in Paris on 19 November 1990.

The treaty outlined provisions aimed at establishing a military balance between the two alliances, at a lower level of armaments.
In May 1996, the Final Document of the first conference to review the operation of the CFE Treaty was agreed in Vienna.

Since, The States Parties to this Treaty took a critical step forward. This effort is reflected in two documents adopted in Istanbul on the 19 November 1999, and in attached statements made by certain States Parties concerning their political commitments referred to therein.


CFE Treaty
19 November 1990
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

Concluding Act
10 July 1992
Concluding Act of the Negotiation on Personnel Strenght of Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

Final Document
15-31 May 1996
Final Document of the First Conference to Review the Operation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe and the Concluding Act of the Negotiation on Personnel Strength

Agreement
19 November 1999
Agreement on Adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

CFE Final Act
19 November 1999
The Final Act of the Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

Formal Conclusions
1 June 2001
Formal Conclusions of the Second Conference to Review the Operation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe and the Concluding Act of the Negotiation on Pesonnel Strength




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