The Arms Control, Verification and Compliance Bureau’s Office of Euro-Atlantic Security Affairs (ESA) serves as the lead within the Department for all matters relating to existing and prospective European and Euro-Atlantic arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements and security arrangements concerning conventional and non-strategic nuclear weapons and forces.
AVC/ESA leads the development of U.S. policy relating to European and Euro-Atlantic conventional arms control agreements and commitments; developing and then seeking the adoption of approaches for achieving that policy as well as chairing related interagency committees; and participating in U.S. delegations to international organizations responsible for European and Euro-Atlantic conventional arms control agreements and commitments. At present, the European and Euro-Atlantic conventional arms control agreements that the Office is responsible for implementing are: the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), the Vienna Document 1999, Confidence-and Security-Building Measures (CSBMs), the Treaty on Open Skies, and arms control elements of the Dayton Peace Accords. AVC/ESA provides support for efforts to promote CSBMs in regions of the world beyond Europe, in connection with OSCE efforts at wider sharing of OSCE norms, principles, and commitments with Mediterranean and Asian states.
The Office also serves as the lead within the Department for reviewing and assessing compliance by foreign countries with European and Euro-Atlantic arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements and commitments; chairing interagency committees that have principal responsibility in these areas; engaging in diplomatic consultations to address compliance concerns; and incorporating compliance analyses and assessments into the annual compliance report to the Congress pursuant to 22 U.S.C. § 2593(a)(4-6), as well as specialized compliance reports required under Senate Resolutions of Ratification and other reports, as appropriate.
The Office coordinates closely with AVC/VTT to ensure that current and projected intelligence collection and analytical requirements related to verification, compliance, compliance enforcement, and implementation in the above areas are clearly formulated, well understood, and given appropriate emphasis and attention. AVC/ESA prepares verifiability assessments in these areas of arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements as required under 22 U.S.C. § 2577, or by direction.
The Office directly supports the U.S. Missions to the OSCE, NATO and the European Union; Office staff serve as delegation members under the Chief Arms Control Delegate in the U.S. Mission to the OSCE. AVC/ESA provides support and personnel to NATO committees on nuclear weapons forces and arms control, including the NATO High Level Task Force/Conventional Arms Control Task Force, the NATO Verification Coordinating Committee, and the NATO-Russia Council Arms Control Experts. AVC/ESA also supports engagement with the European Union on issues such as the U.S.-EU Verification Dialogue. It also represents the United States as appropriate on these issues at international meetings and conferences.