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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Open Skies Fleet: References

Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance
November 18, 2010





Observation aircraft: unarmed, fixed wing aircraft designated to make Observation Flights and equipped with agreed sensors.

Sensor: equipment of a category specified in Article IV, installed on Observation Aircraft for use during the conduct of observation flights.


Aircraft designation


Choice by State Party

Commercially available to all States Parties




Optical Panoramic and Framing cameras: 30 cm ground resolution

Video cameras: 30 cm ground resolution

IR line-scanning devices: 50 cm ground resolution

Sideways-looking Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR): 3 m ground resolution


Recording media


Photographic cameras: black & white film

Video cameras: magnetic tape & hard drive (digital video camera)

IR sensors: black & white film or magnetic tape / hard drive

Radar: magnetic tape & hard drive


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