Members of the international community from around the globe gathered on 23rd June, 2006 in Warsaw at the invitation of the Government of Poland to reaffirm publicly their strong commitment to the Proliferation Security Initiative (Cracow PSI), the PSI Statement of Interdiction Principles, and the goal of proactively combating WMD-related trafficking.
This gathering of nations is a resounding testament to the combined will and cooperative spirit of the international community of nations to work together to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, their delivery systems, and related materials to states and non-state actors of proliferation concern. This gathering further demonstrates the consensus of the international community that the nexus of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism constitutes one of the gravest dangers to the global community and demands constant vigilance. This gathering supports enhanced cooperation against proliferation networks and implementation of innovative measures, which will not only stop the transfer of these dangerous items but also act as a deterrent against those who would seek to facilitate such proliferation activities.
The Proliferation Security Initiative was announced on May 31st, 2003 in Cracow. Today, a few short weeks after only the third anniversary of the initiative, participants noted that much has been accomplished, and that PSI is globally recognized as making an important contribution to international efforts to address the security threats posed by WMD and missile proliferation.
First, the Proliferation Security Initiative and the Statement on Interdiction Principles have provided an effective platform, consistent with national legal authorities and relevant international law and frameworks, for impeding and stopping the trafficking in weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. The PSI Participating States note in this context that UN Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) calls upon all states, in accordance with their national legal authorities and legislation and consistent with international law, to take cooperative action to prevent illicit trafficking in nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, their means of delivery, and related materials.
Second, the network of PSI participating states is constantly expanding across the globe. In just three years, the number of states that have expressed support for the PSI Principles and have committed to actively supporting interdiction efforts whenever necessary has increased to more than 75. PSI participating states now hail from every region of the world and, most importantly, from the regions of greatest concern for WMD-related trafficking. This is a vital accomplishment, because the national legal authorities and operational capabilities of PSI participating states serve as the basis for successful interdictions.
Third, PSI participating states have greatly improved their national capacities to interdict shipments of proliferation concern. Over the last three years, countries have undertaken robust efforts to:
Finally, PSI is achieving results. Like-minded nations, working cooperatively, have utilized their national legal authorities and international legal frameworks to successfully stop shipments of WMD- and missile-related materials that, had they reached their destination and end-use, would have aided states and possibly non-state actors of proliferation concern in the development of weapons of mass destruction.
During this meeting, PSI participating states focused on deepening their on-going efforts in all these regards. They stressed the importance of maintaining the operational focus and nature of the PSI Operational Experts process and further developing its regional dimension. They also discussed the efforts of several PSI participating states to disrupt the financial mechanisms that support proliferators. They concluded that each participant should consider how their own national laws and authorities might be utilized or strengthened to identify, track or freeze the assets and transactions of WMD proliferators and their supporters. In addition, the PSI participating states undertook to explore how PSI states can work cooperatively to prevent and disrupt proliferation finance, in furtherance of their obligations under UNSCR 1540 and 1673.
PSI partners will continue to work together toward the objective of stopping the trafficking in WMD, their delivery systems, and related materials. They will also continue to work with those nations that have yet to indicate their support for the PSI, to further broaden the reach of willing partners. PSI Participants recognized that their actions under the PSI in preventing the spread of WMD-related material are having a positive impact on the world in which we live.