The Office of Export Control Cooperation in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, U.S. Department of State (ISN/ECC) is the U.S. Government’s premier provider of assistance to foreign governments to ensure strategic trade control systems meet international standards and by engaging on bilateral, regional and multilateral levels with foreign governments to aid in the establishment of independent capabilities to regulate transfers of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), WMD-related items, conventional arms, and related dual-use items, and to detect, interdict, investigate, and prosecute illicit transfers of such items. ISN/ECC accomplishes this goal through the promotion of dialogue, provision of training, and donation of equipment under the Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program. The office reports to the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation’s Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation Programs Simon Limage.
ISN/ECC country officers work closely with regional bureaus and country desks in the State Department to assess global nonproliferation risks and needs. Country Officers also coordinate with all interagency U.S. Government (USG) nonproliferation strategic trade and border control assistance programs. Officers establish priorities for such assistance in conformance with U.S. nonproliferation initiatives.
Key missions of the office include:
1) Developing, implementing, and managing the EXBS Program in order to help partner governments to establish, strengthen, and enforce strategic trade and border control systems and responsible policies consistent with international practices.
2) Assessing the effectiveness of program countries’ national strategic trade control systems.
3) Reviewing, evaluating, and recommending to the ISN Assistant Secretary and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation Programs projects that other U.S. Government agencies are prepared to undertake to assist foreign governments in improving national strategic trade systems.
4) Managing and implementing additional programs apart from those implemented by other U.S. Government agencies including the responsibility for strategic trade control capacity-building in foreign partner states.
5) Chairing the Nonproliferation Export and Border Control Assistance Interagency Working Group.
The assistance provided by ISN/ECC also aids other nations in fulfilling their UNSCR 1540 commitments. UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (April 2004) requires UN member states to adopt and enforce effective laws and measures to prevent non-State actors from developing or acquiring WMD.
Training and Equipment
The EXBS Program draws from the curriculums of its implementers to provide nearly 100 types of activities and training that address every aspect of the five core pillars of strategic trade controls at the local, national, and regional level. These include specialized topics relevant at every step of the strategic trade control system, from proliferation awareness for senior policymakers, to legal/regulatory models, to licensing practices, to commodity identification training and detection and enforcement techniques at air, land, sea, and rail borders. The EXBS Program also provides state-of-the art detection equipment and equipment training.
EXBS sponsors regional and global conferences to bring national policymakers and technical experts together to share information about proliferation challenges and the latest developments in the multilateral nonproliferation regimes, to compare experiences, and to facilitate information-sharing and networking. EXBS sponsors regular International Export Control Conferences and Global Transshipment Seminars, as well as many regional conferences. EXBS events have also focused on UN Security Council Resolution 1540 implementation and improved controls on conventional arms, including MANPADS and small arms/light weapons, and dual-use items. For the most up-to-date information on ECC-sponsored conferences please visit www.state.gov/strategictrade.
Collaboration and Exchanges
EXBS works with other strategic trade control assistance providers such as the European Union and Japan, as well as with related U.S. Government programs such as the Department of Defense’s International Counter-Proliferation Program (ICP), the Department of Energy’s International Export Control Cooperation Program and Second Line of Defense Program (SLD), and the State Department's Bureau of Counterterrorism (CT) and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL). EXBS also partners with countries to share information and exchange best practices and technical expertise.
ISN/ECC has a mandate from the White House to coordinate U.S. Government assistance in the area of export and related border control assistance, and does this primarily through its chairing of the Interagency Working Group on Nonproliferation Export and Border Control Assistance (IWG). Through this mechanism, ISN/ECC coordinates the efforts of other U.S. Government agencies that have independent programs to work in the nonproliferation strategic trade control/border security area in order to ensure an integrated U.S. Government effort.
The Department of Defense’s International Counter-Proliferation Program (ICP) and Proliferation Prevention Program (PPP) and the Department of Energy’s Second Line of Defense Program (SLD) and International Nonproliferation Export Control Program (INECP) provide related assistance and, within State, the Bureau of Counterterrorism (CT) and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) provide border security assistance that can overlap with EXBS efforts.
ECC has taken steps to strengthen interagency coordination by developing an interagency donor strategy that was drafted with input from U.G. Government agencies represented in the IWG.
Several U.S. Government programs, the private sector, academic community, and international organizations participate in implementation of EXBS outreach. For instance, EXBS collaborates with the DOE/INECP in delivery of commodity identification training to partner countries’ border enforcement officials. Further, licensing and enforcement experts from the Department of Commerce, Justice, and Homeland Security contribute their expertise to EXBS activities.
Implementation and Support of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540: The assistance provided by ISN/ECC also aids other nations in fulfilling their UNSCR 1540 commitments. UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (April 2004) requires UN member states to adopt and enforce effective laws and measures to prevent non-State actors from developing or acquiring WMD.
The Office of Export Control Cooperation (ISN/ECC) Director is Nan Fife at (202) 647-1966 or by e-mail at FifeNN@state.gov and Deputy Director is Andrew Church at (202) 647-2870 or by e-mail ChurchAP@state.gov. For more information about ISN/ECC and about the EXBS Program, please visit our Home Page.