The Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund (NDF), established in 1994, allows the U.S. Government to respond rapidly to high priority nonproliferation and disarmament opportunities, which are unanticipated or unusually difficult. The NDF has the authority to undertake projects notwithstanding any other point of law and its funds are available until expended (i.e. it possesses ‘no-year money’). NDF maintains expertise in policy development, negotiations, program management, financial operations, and contract administration to ensure the work is accomplished in the most secure, safe, and cost-efficient manner possible. The Fund is a global operation, with projects executed worldwide, often in areas where other U.S. Government programs lack authority. The NDF typically has a small footprint when working in foreign countries and maintains readiness for fast and flexible responses to a wide variety of situations. For this reason, NDF resources are not committed to any project or region in advance, unlike traditional assistance programs. The Fund has established a record of real threat reduction achievement. Examples include destroying WMD facilities, removing nuclear material from unsecured areas, and securing WMD until it can be eliminated. See "Notable Projects” below for specific examples.
The NDF typically has 35-45 active projects ongoing, worth a total of over $150 million. The following projects, some of which are still underway, are examples of such activities:
-- Removed more than 100 pounds of at-risk highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the Vinca Institute in Belgrade, Serbia, to secure storage in Russia, regulated by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
-- Facilitated the safe removal of nuclear infrastructure from Libya to secure facilities in the United States within a few weeks time. Biological -- Destroyed high-capacity fermenters in Kazakhstan.
-- Eliminated chemical weapons production equipment and facilities and secured chemical agents in the Balkans.
-- Destroyed nearly 40,000 munitions (including fuses, detonators, sea mines, air bombs, and torpedo bodies) in the Republic of Albania.
-- Eliminated Soviet-era short-range, tactical ballistic surface-to-surface Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Category I missiles in Bulgaria, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Libya.
-- Eliminated SCUD missiles in Ukraine -- U.S. State Department Helps Ukraine Eliminate SCUD Missile System
Kazakhstani Fermenter Destruction: In 2005, acquired, decontaminated, and destroyed high-capacity dual-use equipment currently housed in the privately owned Biokombinat vaccine production facility located in Almaty, Kazakhstan. 72 vessels were removed from the facility and all were destroyed at a destruction facility in Almaty. This photo depicts a fermenter prior to elimination.
The FREEDOM Support Act authorized the President to establish the NDF. The President delegated that authority to the Secretary of State, who redelegated that authority to the Under Secretary of State for International Security Affairs (subsequently renamed the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security). NDF funds are "no-year" (funds need not be expended in the fiscal year in which they are appropriated) to permit maximum flexibility in project execution and may be made available "notwithstanding any other provision of law."
For information on Project Application, Review and NDF Authorities, click HERE (Please note: only USG offices are authorized for NDF funds)
Director: Steven Saboe