Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN)
The GICNT has enjoyed broad support across U.S. presidential administrations since its founding in 2006. President George W. Bush identified the threat of nuclear terrorism as “one of the most dangerous international security challenges we face.” In collaboration with Russian President Vladmir Putin, President Bush formally announced the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism on July 15, 2006 in St. Petersburg. The first meeting of the GICNT was held in Rabat, Morocco on November 7, 2006 with 13 partners and the IAEA in attendance.
In a policy-defining speech in Prague in April 2009, President Barack Obama called for turning the GICNT into a “durable international institution.” In response, the U.S. and Russian Co-Chairs are working to transform the GICNT into an action- and results-oriented partnership with enhanced participation from 85 partner nations and four official observers. President Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev welcomed the expansion and strengthening of the GICNT in a joint 2009 statement and pledged to continue cooperative actions through the GICNT in a joint 2011 statement on counterterrorism .
In Prague in 2009, President Obama also called for a Nuclear Security Summit to strengthen national actions and international cooperation against the shared threat of nuclear terrorism. The 2010 and 2012 Nuclear Security Summits (NSS) recognized the contributions of the GICNT to international nuclear security efforts. GICNT activities help advance the nuclear detection and nuclear forensics objectives in the 2010 and 2012 NSS Communiques (2010, 2012) and the 2010 NSS Work Plan. For the 2012 NSS, the GICNT issued a Joint Statement on the Contributions of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism to Enhancing Nuclear Security.