At the May 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, U.S. Secretary of State Clinton announced the IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI). To reinforce the U.S. commitment to the NPT pillar on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to enhance our long-standing and broad support for the IAEA’s mission to provide access to such uses, the PUI’s aim is to expand support for these activities by $100 million before the 2015 NPT Review Conference. The 2010 Review Conference Action Plan included a welcome of this support and encouragement of states in a position to do so to contribute.
The United States has been the largest single-state contributor to the IAEA’s Technical Cooperation Fund (TCF). The PUI goes beyond the resources of that fund, and the U.S. has pledged $50 million to IAEA programs to improve health care and nutrition, manage water resources, increase food security, and help countries develop the infrastructure for the safe and secure use of nuclear power. This funding has been augmented by contributions from 12 other Member States. The United States and other PUI donor states will continue to encourage further contributions and to promote the Initiative as another element of international cooperation pursuant to Article IV of the NPT.
The IAEA Technical Cooperation program, the main mechanism through which the Agency assists its Member States with peaceful nuclear uses, focuses on applying nuclear technology to improve health and promote development in a number of other sectors. The PUI provides flexibility beyond the traditional mechanisms of the TCF to help the IAEA respond to unanticipated Member State needs. Examples are the project for monitoring the marine environment after the Fukushima disaster and the project responding to the drought in the Sahel region in Africa.