The Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation is working closely with other U.S. departments and the international community to support the United Nations and Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in the elimination of chemical weapons from Syria. International inspectors verified the functional disablement of Syria’s declared chemical weapons production, mixing, and filling capabilities as of November 2013. The removal of the highest priority chemicals from Syria began on Jan. 7, 2014, and the process is ongoing. The U.S. government continues to support international efforts in the removal and elimination of all chemicals weapons related materials from Syria. The highest priority materials will be neutralized aboard a U.S. vessel, the MV Cape Ray, in international waters.
ISN Bureau financial assistance to Syrian chemical weapons elimination efforts to date totals nearly $6 million from the Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund for financial and in-kind contributions to the UN and OPCW. This assistance includes a $2 million financial contribution to the OPCW trust fund to support the inspection and verification of Syria’s stockpile of chemical weapons, precursors, and production equipment; as well as another $2 million contribution to the UN trust fund used to implement UN Security Council Resolution 2118. In-kind assistance includes $1.55 million for 10 armored vehicles provided to the UN. The NDF is also providing about $300,000 for equipment to the OPCW, such as protective gear and medication to counteract exposure to chemical weapons, as well as training to aid OPCW work. More»
The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Annual Meeting of States Parties was December 9-13 in Geneva, Switzerland.
The United States is a depository nation for the Biological Weapons and Toxin Convention that bans the development, production and stockpiling of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction. Treaty efforts at annual Meeting of Experts and Meetings of States Parties, as well as pentannual Review Conferences have increasingly focused on disease surveillance capacity building, assistance in the event of a suspicious outbreak or alleged use of biological weapons (BW), biosafety, pathogen security, national implementation measures (including penal legislation), and issues related to "dual use" and the responsible conduct of the life sciences. More»
For the first time, the United States has reported to the United Nations that it has comprehensive measures in place to implement all of its obligations as set forth in the United Nations Security Council’s Resolution 1540, which establishes legally binding obligations for member states regarding the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, delivery systems, and related materials. The UN has now published the report in its six official languages. U.S. implementation of Resolution 1540 reflects a “whole-of-government” approach; the report to the UN includes in-depth reporting on the updates to U.S. laws, regulations and policies, and it offers detailed data regarding the projects, initiatives and best practices the United States is using to protect the international community from non-state actors, including terrorist organizations that seek to obtain weapons of mass destruction.
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is a multilateral treaty to regulate the international trade in conventional arms. The Treaty was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on April 2, 2013 and opened for signature on June 3, 2013. On September 25, the United States became the 91st state to sign the Treaty. As of December, 115 states have signed and 9 states have ratified it. The Arms Trade Treaty will enter into force following ratification by 50 states. The United States worked closely with our international partners during the negotiations to secure a treaty that advances global security and respects national sovereignty and the legitimate arms trade. More»