Ambassador Bonnie Jenkins, the State Department Coordinator for Threat Reduction Programs, served as the Chair of the Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction in 2012 and will continue her role as U.S. representative to the GP in 2013.
The GP was established by the G8 in 2002 and originally conceived as a 10-year, $20 billion initiative to prevent terrorists, or states that support them, from acquiring or developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). In 2011 at the G8 Summit in Deauville the Leaders agreed to extend the GP beyond its original 10-year mandate and enunciated several areas of focus for its future work.
As Chair of the GP, the United States provided a road map to guide the GP towards becoming a more coordinated mechanism for WMD-related activities and programs. The United States focused on the areas, enunciated at the 2011 G8 Summit in Deauville specifically, nuclear and radiological security, biosecurity, scientist engagement, and facilitation of implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540. Officials provided collaborated responses to assistance needs and coordinated possible projects in these areas as well as expansion of membership to reflect global security threats. This expansion included Kazakhstan and Mexico, the first Latin American country within the GP, which brings the total membership to 25.
In an effort to provide a more integrated mechanism for funding and implementing programs under this extended mandate, for the first time, relevant international organizations (IOs) were invited to attend the working group meetings. Furthermore, the U.S. established three informal sub-working groups on Biosecurity, Membership Expansion, and Centers of Excellence to extend and promote the concepts discussed within the full member GP working group. Two additional sub-working groups were approved later, focusing on Nuclear and Radiological Security, and Chemical Security.
"The Cold War legacy that led to the proliferation risks for which the GP was originally created has been a major source of global threat reduction activity since 1992. But like the world itself, these threats have evolved, and the United States stands ready to work even more closely with its GP partners and to welcome new GP partners so that we may continue addressing the serious challenges that confront all of us today." Full Text»
The Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction began at the 2002 Kananaskis G8 Summit as a 10-year, $20 billion initiative to prevent terrorists or states that support them from acquiring or developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Since then, the GP has grown to include 24 Partners and has allocated about $21 billion worldwide. At the 2011 G8 Summit in Deauville, Leaders agreed to extend the Partnership beyond 2012.
IWG Meetings, March 12, 2012, Boston
The Global Partnership addresses nonproliferation, disarmament, counterterrorism, and nuclear safety issues through cooperative projects in such areas as destruction of chemical weapons; the dismantlement of decommissioned nuclear submarines; the security and disposition of fissile materials; and rechanneling employment of former weapons scientists to peaceful civilian endeavors.
Achievements to date include:
IWG Meetings Opening Session, January 23, 2012, Washington, DC
In 2002, the Global Partnership began as a 10-year, $20 billion initiative to prevent terrorists or states that support them from acquiring or developing weapons of mass destruction. The United States pledged $10 billion of that total. The U.S. Government participates in GP-related activities through programs at the Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of State, and other related agencies, and includes work in securing and dismantling fissile materials and nuclear weapons, promoting WMD export controls, destroying chemical weapons, aiding in WMD scientist redirection, and industry engagement, among other things.
The United States plans to provide up to $10 billion in continued funding during the period of 2012-2022 for threat reduction efforts, subject to annual Congressional appropriations.
The Global Partnership recognizes the important role of international organizations in the struggle to prevent the spread and development of weapons and materials of mass destruction. The GP coordinates with a number of international organizations, including the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Biological Weapons Convention Implementation Support Unit, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, INTERPOL, United Nations 1540 Committee, the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the World Health Organization, and others.