NUCLEAR THREAT AND THE ROLE OF THE NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMITS
As President Obama stated in Prague in April 2009, nuclear terrorism remains the greatest threat. This judgment is based on three key facts: 1) Thousands of tons of nuclear material is still present in dozens of states, mostly owned by private entities; 2) determined and capable terrorists and non state actors remain intent on acquiring weapons to kill millions; and 3) the targets and impacts of a nuclear terrorist attack are both global in scope.
The Nuclear Security Summit was designed to energize, enhance, empower and elevate the many existing multilateral, cooperative institutions and structures aimed at securing nuclear materials and preventing nuclear smuggling. The Summit process is not intended to replace or compete with established processes, nor is it intended to be permanent.
NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMIT 2010 AND ITS OUTCOMES
The 2010 Washington Summit was a historic gathering of 50 global leaders who agreed on the seriousness of the nuclear terrorism threat, on the political will to act, and on the necessity of working together to reduce nuclear threats.
The 2010 Washington Summit created three main outcomes: a Communiqué, a detailed Work Plan, and over 30 national statements with pledges to take particular steps to improve nuclear security. Significant progress towards improving nuclear security has already been made since April 2010.
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