At the May 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, U.S. Secretary of State Clinton announced President Obama’s IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI). To emphasize long-standing and broad support for the IAEA’s mission to provide access to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, the PUI’s aim is to expand support for these activities by $100 million before the 2015 NPT Review Conference. At the 2010 Review Conference, NPT Parties welcomed this support and encouraged states in a position to do so to contribute.
Secretary Clinton announced a U.S. pledge of $50 million to this effort. Japan, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, New Zealand, Hungary, and the Czech Republic also are contributing. PUI donor states will continue to work with all NPT Parties to encourage further contributions and to make the Initiative a key part of cooperation on peaceful uses pursuant to Article IV of the NPT.
The U.S. Contribution:
The U.S. contribution to the PUI builds on its long-standing political, financial, and technical support for IAEA efforts to ensure safe and secure access to peaceful nuclear applications. Since the 2010 NPT Review Conference, U.S. PUI contributions have funded more than $16 million in IAEA projects that benefit more than 100 IAEA Member States. This funding is in addition to the large U.S. share of overall contributions to the IAEA Technical Cooperation Fund (28.7% in 2011).
This support reflects the U.S. commitment to IAEA programs that advance human development goals by helping states address human health issues, manage water resources, ensure food safety and security, and build the human infrastructure to pursue nuclear power safely and securely. This is also a key element of U.S. support for a strong nuclear nonproliferation regime. Just a few of the dozens of IAEA projects funded through U.S. contributions to the PUI are described below. Some of these projects have also received important support from other states.
Each of these projects – and the many other projects supported by the PUI – demonstrates the unique role of the IAEA in applying nuclear techniques to these problems. A strong nonproliferation regime and a strong NPT provide a critical foundation for IAEA programs, and the programs in turn help to implement Article IV of the NPT and to strengthen the regime. The United States will continue to work with NPT Parties and the IAEA to support these projects and to identify additional Member State priorities that can be supported through the Peaceful Uses Initiative.