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Diplomacy in Action

U.S. Bilateral Agreements For Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Pursuant to Section 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, As Amended


Fact Sheet
Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
December 5, 2013

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Agreements in force as of October 1, 2013 (entry into force and expiration dates)

  1. Argentina (16 October 1997/16 October 2027)
  2. Australia (22 December 2010/22 December 2040 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  3. Brazil (15 September 1999/15 September 2029)
  4. Canada (21 July 1955/1 January 2030 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  5. China (30 December 1985/30 December 2015)
  6. Egypt (29 December 1981/29 December 2021)
  7. European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)[1] (12 April 1996/12 April 2026 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  8. India (6 December 2008/6 December 2048 with rolling 10 year extensions)
  9. Indonesia (30 December 1981/30 December 2031)
  10. Japan (30 July 1988/30 July 2018 but remains in force until terminated by a Party)
  11. Kazakhstan (5 November 1999/5 November 2029)
  12. Korea, Republic of (19 March 1973/19 March 2016)
  13. Morocco (16 May 1981/16 May 2021 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  14. Norway (2 July 1984/2 July 2014)
  15. Russian Federation (11 January 2011/11 January 2041)
  16. South Africa (4 December 1997/4 December 2022)
  17. Switzerland (23 June 1998/23 June 2028 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  18. Thailand (27 June 1974/27 June 2014)
  19. Turkey (2 June 2008/2 June 2023 with rolling 5 year extensions)
  20. Ukraine (28 May 1999/28 May 2029)
  21. United Arab Emirates (17 December 2009/17 December 2039)
  22. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (7 August 1959/7 August 2014)
  23. Taiwan[2] (22 June 1972/22 June 2014)

______________________________________

1 Euratom comprises the following Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

2 Pursuant to Sections 4 and 6 of the Taiwan Relations Act, P.L. 96-8, 93 Stat. 14, and Executive Order 13014, 61 F.R. 42963, any international agreement entered into by the United States and the governing authorities on Taiwan prior to January 1, 1979, and in force between them on December 31, 1978, is administered on a nongovernmental basis by the American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit District of Columbia corporation, until the agreement’s termination.



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