Ghanaian Peacekeeping Troops receive GPOI-funded training in preparation for an UNMIL (Liberia) deployment.
Aerial view of the Center of Excellence for Stability Peace Units (COESPU) in Vicenza, Italy.
The 1990s were characterized by a rapid rise in the number and complexity of peace operations, driving a dramatic increase in demand for well-trained and equipped peacekeepers. As part of a larger group of actions designed to respond to these growing requirements, the U.S. Government established the Africa Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI) and the Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC) program. In 2004, ACRI transitioned into a new program called the Africa Contingency Operations and Training Assistance (ACOTA) program.
In August 2000, the United Nations released the Report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (also known as the Brahimi Report), which catalogued serious shortfalls in the execution of United Nations peace operations. The Brahimi Report, in addition to a range of related reports and studies produced during this timeframe, catalyzed broad thinking on how to address gaps in peace operations capabilities and spurred international action. The G8 began to focus greater attention on issues related to peacekeeping and conflict management at the 2002 (Kananaskis, Canada) and 2003 (Evian, France) summits. At the 2004 G8 Sea Island Summit, G8 leaders committed to a broad Action Plan for Expanding Global Capability for Peace Support Operations, which included the following goals:
GPOI was launched as the U.S. contribution to meeting the commitments outlined in the G8 Action Plan. With a budget totaling $767 million for fiscal years 2005-2012, the establishment of GPOI has significantly increased the level of attention and resources the U.S. Government dedicates to global peace operations capacity building efforts.