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Department of State Foreign Policy Objectives: Near East


Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest Joint Report to Congress
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
January 2001
Report
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ALGERIA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ACSS

3

$14,422

3

$16,610

IMET

9

$115,000

10

$125,000

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

12

$129,422

18

$173,722

The U.S. has a clear interest in increasing regional stability by promoting an open democracy, economic reform, and peace and security in Algeria. Algeria's military, the second largest in Africa, is emerging from nine years of conflict with armed insurgents. The proposed plan is a cautious, measured approach intended to encourage reform within an Algerian military establishment gradually moving along a path toward greater pluralism and respect for civilian authority.

The IMET program helps Algerian military officers understand and increase their support for U.S. policy. These activities, as well as participation at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, increase awareness of international norms of human rights and fosters greater respect for the principle of civilian control of the military. In FY 2001, IMET funds are being used for officer training and will finance the participation of Algerian officers in our Naval Staff College, Air Command and Staff College, and Army Command and General Staff College. These officers will establish essential contacts with U.S. counterparts whose influence can encourage reform within the Algerian military. IMET-funded English language training also improves the Algerian military's interoperability with U.S. forces and their participation in future peacekeeping missions.

BAHRAIN

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

377

$1,970,827

393

$3,369,555

IMET

28

$216,000

30

$235,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

30

$75,000

0

$0

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

Service Academy

2

$134,380

0

$0

TOTAL

437

$2,396,207

428

$3,636,667

The United States has a demonstrable and enduring national security interest in maintaining its access to Bahraini military facilities in order to maintain our influence in the Persian Gulf region. Bahrain has been a steadfast supporter of our foreign policy objectives in Iraq and Libya not only as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in 1997 but as a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Bahrain has also been a critical supporter of our containment of Iranian ambitions in the region and our efforts to combat international terrorism.

The political and military relationship with Bahrain has continued to be strong and flexible. Bahrain has hosted an Air Expeditionary Force at Sheikh Isa Air Base (SIAB) and has hosted the U.S. Navy for more than 50 years. The relatively open access to facilities, land, and airspace needed to support contingency operations, including Joint Task Force and fleet operations, are critical to the U.S. presence in the region and ongoing Multinational Interception Force operations. Bahrain annually hosts four major exercises that involve U.S. forces. We have a strong security relationship which institutionalized partially in the Defense Cooperation Agreement signed in 1991.

Training activities under IMET, the continuation of Excess Defense Article (EDA) transfers and the approval of selected commercial arms sales will enable the Bahrain Defense Forces (BDF) to assume greater responsibility for regional defense, while promoting interoperability with existing U.S. and GCC forces in the region. Service academy continued military-to-military contacts, joint military exercises, and the continuation of the U.S./Bahrain Military Consultative Commission (MCC) will recognize Bahrain's invaluable support for U.S. force deployments and encourage the development of professional military command committed to the principle of civilian control. Bahrain has a robust security assistance program with the U.S. and views grant EDA as an appropriate U.S. gesture of recognition and thanks for the longstanding relationship and the support Bahrain has generally provided the U.S. military.

EGYPT

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ACSS

3

$14,422

3

$16,610

Exchanges

2

$20

0

$0

FMF

1395

$13,900,492

984

$9,346,727

IMET

62

$1,006,000

68

$1,100,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

0

0

90

$1,283,992

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

1462

$14,920,934

1150

$11,779,441

Egypt is a pivotal country in the Arab world and a key U.S. ally in the Middle East. The U.S. seeks to promote regional peace and security by encouraging Egypt's continued participation and leadership in the Middle East peace process. Egypt has been at peace with Israel for two decades, but has potentially hostile rivals in Sudan and Libya. Egypt also faces challenges to maintaining sea lines of communication, the protection of its territorial waters, and the headwaters of the Nile.

As our principal Middle East coalition partner, Egypt participates in a number of annual joint military exercises. Egypt also hosts the biannual Bright Star exercise, which is the largest joint exercise in the world. Egypt is well into the process of replacing its outmoded Soviet-era equipment with smaller quantities of more capable and sustainable U.S. equipment. Increasing the amount of U.S.-origin equipment in the Egyptian inventory augments U.S. interoperability with Egypt, thereby enhancing their value as a coalition partner. Egypt's strategic location and control of the Suez Canal make it a critical transit point for petroleum and for U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf region. Egypt has readily granted U.S. forces transit through the Suez and over-flight of its territory.

Egypt's U.S.-funded training program is exceptionally robust and vital to our relationship. Specifically, Egyptian training funded under the IMET and FMF programs enhance counter-terrorism training and improve Egypt's maintenance and supply capabilities. These funds have also been instrumental in improving the English language skills of the Egyptian officer corps, training military police, providing logistics instruction and teaching hostage negotiation techniques. FMF-funded training has improved the proficiency of Egyptian pilots and provides advanced leadership skill, logistics, maintenance and operational training and for members of each of its four services. FMF funds tuition for Egyptian students attending U.S. military staff colleges and academies, thereby improving understanding between our militaries. All of these programs directly enhance joint training, as well as Egypt's value as a key coalition partner.

IRAQ

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Misc. DoD-DoS Non Security Assistance

22

$117,651

50

$271,693

TOTAL

22

$117,651

50

$271,693

The Iraq Liberation Act (ILA), P.L. 105-338, Section 4 (a) (2) provides the President authority "to direct the drawdown of defense articles from the stocks of the Department of Defense, defense services of the Department of Defense, and military education and training for [Iraqi opposition] organizations."

Such training focuses on helping the Iraqi opposition improve its ability to function as a democratic opposition and demonstrate to Iraqis that a credible alternative to Saddam Hussein's brutal regime exists. Training is offered in such areas as public affairs, strategic planning, the provision of humanitarian assistance, international law, logistics, and civil reconstruction.

The Administration is continually engaged with the Iraqi National Congress, the primary umbrella organization for the Iraqi opposition, on the development of a comprehensive requirements-based training plan. The number of students who have already benefitted from training is nearing 100, but the flow of new students and new courses is growing, and the pipeline is continuously being filled. The Administration notified Congress in October 1999 (Presidential Determination 2000-05) that $5 million of the $97 million authorized by the ILA would be allocated for a first tranche of assistance, $3M of which will cover training expenses.

 ISRAEL

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMF

820

$19,386,506

696

$1,329,035

FMS

433

$2,607,845

494

$5,226,621

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

*TOTAL

1253

$21,994,351

1195

$6,587,768

*Does not include data reported in Volume III

It is in the U.S. national interest to promote a stable, democratic and militarily strong Israel that is at peace with its neighbors. President Clinton has reiterated the steadfast U.S. commitment to Israel's security, to the maintenance of its qualitative militarily edge, and to strengthen Israel's ability to deter potential aggressors and defend itself. Maintaining Israel's qualitative military edge in the regional balance of power enhances Israel's security, helps prevent regional conflict, and helps build the confidence for Israel to take risks for peace. Israel remains one of the USG's most important allies in countering the threat of weapons of mass destruction in the region.

The U.S. has provided Israel with over $70 billion in economic and military assistance since 1949, and Israel continues to receive the largest share of U.S. security assistance worldwide. Foreign military training spending, both as a portion of U.S.-provided FMF and as DOD-funded non-security assistance, is an important element in maintaining Israel's qualitative military edge. Training for Israeli personnel during FY-00 included Air, Naval, and Army War College courses, flight simulator training, and avionics systems and armament maintenance training, among other programs. By providing both technical expertise and exposure to U.S. military culture and personnel, these programs promote interoperability and contribute significantly to the strengthening of U.S.-Israel military ties.

JORDAN

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

DoT/USCG Activities

1

$30,000

0

$0

Exchanges

2

$20

0

$0

FMF

120

$11,962

0

$0

FMS

21

$272,005

0

$0

IMET

163

$1,679,000

165

$1,700,000

Misc. DoD-DoS Non-Security Assistance

2

$6,116

0

$0

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

284

$933,044

0

$0

Section 506

7

$7,680

0

$0

Service Academy

4

$260,319

0

$0

TOTAL

604

$3,200,146

170

$1,732,112

U.S. national security rests on peace and economic prosperity in the Middle East. Regional stability demands political stability and economic development in Jordan, a pivotal country that has signed a peace treaty of its own with Israel and has long urged the Palestinians to make their peace with Israel as well.

Jordan strongly supports the peace process and is in a position to contribute to collective regional defense goals. The U.S. Government encourages Jordan to further its own interests by more effective engagement of its peace process partners, particularly Israel and the Palestinians. The U.S. works with Jordan to assure adherence to the UN sanctions regime in Iraq, as well as strengthened border security.

Jordan has been designated a major non-NATO ally. U.S. FMF helps the Jordanian Armed Force address its readiness and sustainment requirements, and this program remains the only source of funds for Jordanian military modernization programs.

KUWAIT

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

772

$10,924,033

459

$3,248,628

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

772

$10,924,033

464

$3,280,740

The United States has a demonstrable and enduring national security interest in maintaining its access to Kuwait. Located on the southern border of Iraq, Kuwait faces the difficult task of securing its borders from the principal threats in the region -- Iran and Iraq. A critical part of Kuwait's national security posture in the region is its military relationship with the United States.

Our political and military relationship with Kuwait has continued to be strong and flexible. Kuwait hosts the forward headquarters of CENTCOM's ground forces (operation Desert Spring) and a large contingent of air forces in support of Operation Southern Watch. It has steadfastly supported U.S. initiatives in the region. Kuwait has been especially supportive of the Multinational Interception Force (MIF) and all efforts aimed at enforcing UNSC declared sanctions against the Saddam led Iraqi government. The relatively open access to facilities, land, and airspace needed to support contingency operations, including Joint Task Force and fleet operations, are critical to the U.S. presence in the region and ongoing MIF operations.

The participation of Kuwaitis in military-to-military training initiatives will enable Kuwait to assume greater responsibility for regional defense, while promoting interoperability with existing U.S. and GCC forces in the region. Continued military-to-military contacts and joint military exercises will recognize Kuwait's invaluable support for U.S. force deployments and encourage the development of professional military command committed to the principle of civilian control.

LEBANON

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

49

$854,853

0

$0

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

0

$4,924

0

$0

IMET

129

$582,000

127

$575,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

178

1,441,777

132

$607,112

Lebanon is still emerging from the shadow of its 16-year civil war which ended in 1991. The most significant development in this respect was the complete withdrawal of Israeli forces from south Lebanon in May 2000. The Government of Lebanon is making progress toward rebuilding its civil institutions, redeveloping the economy, and reestablishing the rule of law throughout the country, with the exception of the area comprising the former Israeli "security zone" in the south. U.S. interests lie in a free and independent Lebanon at peace with its neighbors, particularly Israel. A secure and independent Lebanon will seriously weaken terrorism and contribute to the fight against illegal drugs and counterfeiting.

A comprehensive Middle East peace cannot be achieved absent peace between Lebanon and Israel. Although the Lebanon track is tied to the Syrian track, we continue to use every effort to support Lebanon in efforts to reach peace with Israel and to support the development of independent institutions minimizing the influence of external players, including Iran and Syria.

IMET funding was reinstated for Lebanon in 1993. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) have taken full advantage of the opportunity for professional military education and technical training. The country team reports that IMET graduates are employed in positions of command and responsibility and achieve proportionally higher rank and influence than their non-IMET peers. In addition, USG assistance to the LAF reinforces progress towards deconfessionalization (that is, reduction of the tendency to break down society along strictly sectarian/confessional lines) in one of the country's major institutions. IMET training for the LAF in FY 2000 included courses at the Army and Air Force Command & Staff Colleges, English language training, Maritime officer training, and acquisition courses, among others. Lebanon was trained in port security and waterways management by a DoD funded mobile training team in FY 2000 and benefited from non-security assistance humanitarian demining training in FY 2000 and will again in FY 2001.

MOROCCO

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ACSS

1

$6,960

1

$9,033

IMET

46

$904,000

49

$955,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

Service Academy

1

$60,143

0

0

TOTAL

48

$971,103

55

$996,145

Morocco is the United States' oldest treaty ally. A strategic anchor at the cusp of Africa, Europe, and the Arab world, Morocco sits on the south side of the Straits of Gibraltar. In July 1999, a new king, Mohammed VI, acceded to the throne. From the start, King Mohammed has shown himself to be a progressive monarch. He has voiced strong support for human rights and economic and political reform. However, he has inherited a kingdom that is poor -- a middle-ranked developing country -- and a political system whose reform is real but new. The United States seeks to support this democratic and free-market opening to encourage a Morocco that is stable, prosperous, and free.

Morocco's traditionally pro-U.S. international orientation and moderate policies on the Arab-Israeli conflict provide us with a key stake in the stability and continuance of Morocco's international orientation. As the dialogue between NATO and several Middle East states affirms, stability in Morocco and the Maghreb is of vital importance to our Southern European NATO allies. Moreover, U.S. military transit rights and facilities in Morocco are important to a variety of U.S. worldwide operations.

The IMET program helps Moroccan military officers understand and increases their support for U.S. policy. IMET funds basic and advanced English language training for Moroccan military officers. Moroccan officers also receive training at U.S. service academies and staff colleges. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Moroccan officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Also, IMET-funded maintenance, logistics and specialist training enhance Morocco's value as a peacekeeper and a training and potential future coalition partner.

OMAN

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

7

$38,500

2

$52,258

IMET

102

$230,000

111

$250,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

40

$81,000

98

$911,718

Section 1004

20

$20,000

20

$20,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

Service Academy

1

$60,143

0

$0

TOTAL

170

$429,643

236

$1,266,088

Oman's location on the southern shore of the Strait of Hormuz makes our relationship with the Sultanate critical to U.S. commitments to defend national, regional, and global interests in the Gulf. Access to Oman's military bases through a bilateral agreement provides an important anchor for our regional political-military strategy. Security cooperation has been the bedrock upon which our bilateral relationship with Oman rests. Since 1980, Oman has provided access to the U.S. for bases (the first GCC state to do so) and permitted prepositioning of military assets. The U.S. should actively support the Omanization of the Sultan's Armed forces through professional military training (IMET) and Excess Defense Articles (EDA) transfers. Additionally, for the past twenty years, we have been able to count on Oman's support for U.S. regional policy initiatives, including the Middle East Peace Process and U.S. Iraq policy. Oman's long-term domestic political stability improves prospects for continued policy support and military access. The U.S. government is providing technical assistance for the Sultan's political and legal reform program, and the U.S. government is working closely with Oman, both bilaterally and through the World Trade Organization (Oman became a member of the WTO in October 2000), to encourage a more transparent regulatory environment that will attract increased investment and trade.

Training provided to Oman covers a broad range of areas, including PME, English language, technical and logistics training, medical corps development, and maritime operations. Oman also participated in joint military exercises to improve team-building and establish baseline knowledge of U.S. operations.

QATAR

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

39

$1,038,855

28

$469,214

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

20

$109,000

25

$34,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

59

$1,147,855

58

$535,326

Our military relationship with Qatar is strong and vital. Emir Hamad is pursuing democratic principals and working to strengthen the U.S. relationship, particularly military ties. In 1992 the U.S.-Qatar Defense Cooperation Agreement was signed which established the basis for our growing military to military relationship. Over the last several years, Qatar has hosted a number of Air Expeditionary Forces (AEF) and P-3 deployments as well as the bed-down of tanker assets. Qatar has, without question, the most impressive preposition infrastructure in the Middle East, if not the world, and has agreed to provide land for the pre-positioning of combat equipment that supports a heavy Army brigade, AEF and various munitions.

Strategically located in the Gulf, it is vital that the U.S. continue to support military to military initiatives to include joint training exercises. The relationships, principles and doctrine future leaders of Qatar's military develop in these training institutions will enhance future coalition warfare and interoperability.

 SAUDI ARABIA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

1608

$80,548,783

1861

$26,146,745

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

1608

$80,548,783

1866

$26,178,857

Saudi Arabia has been and remains a staunch ally of the United States. It has funded and supported a strong U.S. presence on its soil thereby allowing us to exert a significant security influence in the Gulf. The Saudis face the difficult task of securing their borders from the principal threats in the region who have demonstrated a willingness to use military forces against their neighbors in the Gulf.

The participation in military to military training initiatives by Saudi Arabian officers will enable the Kingdom to assume greater responsibility for regional defense, while promoting interoperability with existing U.S. and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) forces in the region. Continued military to military initiatives will also contribute to the foreign policy and national security of the United States improving the security of a friendly country that has been, and continues to be, an important force for political stability and economic progress in the Middle East. Continued military-to-military contacts and joint military exercises will recognize Saudi Arabia's invaluable support for U.S. force deployments and encourage the development of professional military command committed to the principle of civilian control. Finally, it will enhance the capability of a key ally, further interoperability with U.S. and coalition forces, and support our efforts to promote security cooperation among the GCC members.

SYRIA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

NESA

0

$0

5

32,112

TOTAL

0

$0

5

$32,112

These monies are to pay travel cost for possible Syrian participants to a NESA seminar. The NESA Center supports SecDef and CINC efforts to increase stability in the Near East and South Asia by providing an academic environment where strategic issues can be addressed, understanding deepened, partnerships fostered, defense-related decision-making improved and cooperation strengthened among military and civilian leaders from the region and the U.S. Syria's invitation to 2001 seminars will be subject to legal and political considerations at the time of the event.

TUNISIA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ACSS

3

$14,422

3

$16,610

Exchanges

2

$20

0

$0

FMS

0

0

90

$95,251

IMET

82

$906,000

86

$955,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

24

$73,000

0

0

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

Service Academy

2

$144,270

0

0

TOTAL

90

$1,137,712

184

$1,098,973

Tunisia is a stable democratic country in the troubled Middle East region, where a U.S. national interest in maintaining access to crucial energy supplies remains high. Located on the southern Mediterranean coast one hour from Italy, it is also a natural economic and strategic bridge from Europe to Africa. Tunisia has long been well disposed to U.S. presence in the region, and looks to U.S. leadership in the political and economic sphere, despite its colonial ties to France. Our interest is to continue and, in some areas, intensify our efforts to ensure a strong, durable fabric of bilateral relations. Finally, as the dialogue between NATO and several Middle East states affirms, stability in the Maghreb is of vital importance to our Southern European NATO allies.

Our goal is to ensure active Tunisian participation in efforts to promote regional stability, particularly in the Middle East Peace Process, bilateral military cooperation, peacekeeping operations, and continued access of U.S. forces to Tunisian facilities. Joint training exercises are an important feature of our relationship, as Tunisian troops typically engage in 16-18 combined exercises with U.S. forces annually. Tunisian training with U.S. forces enhances their value as a potential coalition partner and recently proved instrumental to Tunisia's participation in Kosovo in support of UN humanitarian efforts.

IMET funds basic and advanced English language training for Tunisian military officers. Tunisian officers have also received training at U.S. service academies, staff colleges and participated at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS) programs in civil-military affairs. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Tunisian officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Also, IMET-funded maintenance, logistics and specialist training will enhance Tunisia's value as a training partner and potential future coalition partner.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

186

$6,162,902

233

$12,206,847

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

186

$6,162,902

238

$12,238,959

The United States has an excellent security relationship with the United Arab Emirates. The UAE is a strong U.S. ally in the Gulf region and has supported U.S. policy initiatives in the Gulf. They are a major procurer of advanced U.S. military technology and strive toward interoperability with U.S. forces. Therefore, military-to-military education opportunities are a top priority for the UAE. At the same time, attendance at these schools by UAE officers supports the Central Command's objective of forward engagement and interoperability. Finally, the officers who attend these schools are the future leaders of the UAE military. It is to our utmost advantage if they understand U.S. military doctrine and policy perspectives.

In FY 2000, the UAE participated with the U.S. and other countries in "Blue Flag 00", designed to familiarize participants with roles and duties in the Air Operations Center. Participation promotes team building and establishes baseline knowledge for future USCENTAF AOC operations.

YEMEN

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMF

30

$41,462

60

$31,000

IMET

6

$125,000

6

$135,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

65

$142,000

55

$150,000

NESA

0

0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

101

$308,462

126

$348,112

Yemen, the most populous and poorest nation on the Arabian Peninsula, faces serious challenges from rapid growth and commensurate natural resource depletion, low economic growth rates, and domestic political instability. Because of Yemen's location adjacent to the Bab-al-Mandab, one of the world's most important shipping routes, and U.S. allies Saudi Arabia and Oman, Yemen can affect U.S. interests in the region. Poverty could produce an ideologically hostile state capable of becoming an unacceptable destabilizing factor in the region. Support for Yemen's democratic and economic reform programs, professional military training and a humanitarian demining program not only promote our national values in Yemen but also protect our national interests.

Expanded U.S.-Yemen military cooperation through the IMET program and exercises and visits help promote a professional military that respects democracy, increases internal stability, and does not threaten its neighbors. Yemen is now eligible to receive grant Excess Defense Articles (EDA) under Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act. EDA would be provided to the Yemeni Armed Forces to help meet basic military needs and support U.S. origin equipment already in their inventory.



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