printable banner

U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Department of State Foreign Policy Objectives: South Asia


Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest Joint Report to Congress
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
January 2001
Report
Share

BANGLADESH

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

6

$67,014

11

$152,799

EIPC

7

$0

0

$0

FMS

13

$300,000

0

$0

IMET

31

$456,000

32

$475,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

57

$823,014

48

$659,911

Primary U.S. interests in Bangladesh are economic prosperity and democracy. Sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction will maximize benefits for U.S. companies and decrease reliance on external assistance. Greater respect for human rights and the rule of law and the strengthening of democratic institutions are essential to ensuring political stability and are basic foundations of economic growth. Other U.S. interests include environmental concerns, fighting trafficking of women and children, and combating terrorism and piracy.

IMET funds are used to facilitate U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in peacekeeping exercises. Specifically, Bangladesh uses its IMET funding to send students to the Army, Air Force and Navy Command and Staff Colleges, the Army and Air War Colleges and various officer training courses. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Bangladeshi officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Bangladesh improves interoperability with U.S. forces through IMET-funded specialized English language training. Bangladeshi military personnel also take part in courses on military law, medical training, logistics and maintenance, all of which enhance their value as future peacekeeping participants.

The U.S. welcomes Bangladeshi participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. This is an effective means of strengthening defense ties with Bangladesh, The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, leading to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Bangladesh. The U.S. proposes Bangladeshi participation in Asia-Pacific Center executive courses in FY 2001as well.

 INDIA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

10

$112,468

12

$166,740

IMET

18

$489,000

18

$500,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

28

$601,468

35

$698,852

With almost a billion people, India is by far the largest country in South Asia and, after testing nuclear devices in May 1998, a focus of global nonproliferation concern. The overwhelming U.S. priority there is to work with the international community to persuade India to adhere to global nonproliferation norms and stem a South Asian arms race. The Indo-U.S. commercial relationship has been growing steadily and, despite sanctions imposed in the wake of nuclear tests, the U.S. is India's leading trading partner and source of foreign investment. Although economic liberalization has been slow India is playing a growing role in the world's economic, military and environmental affairs.

IMET funds are used to facilitate U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in peacekeeping exercises. Specifically, India has used its IMET funding to send students to the Air Force and Navy Command and Staff Colleges, the Army and Air War Colleges and various officer training courses. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Indian officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Indian military personnel also take part in courses on military law, medical training, logistics and maintenance, all of which enhance their value as future peacekeeping participants.

As a means of strengthening defense ties with India, the U.S. welcomed Indian participation in FY 2000 in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from India. The U.S. proposes Indian participation in Asia-Pacific Center executive courses in FY 2001 as well.

MALDIVES

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

3

$33,507

3

$41,685

IMET

6

$100,000

7

$110,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

73

$142,000

0

$0

TOTAL

82

$275,507

10

$151,685

The Maldives provides important access for U.S. vessels and allows aircraft transit rights in Maldivian airspace (permitting U.S. access to its airport during the Gulf War, for example). It is in the U.S. national security interest to maintain stability in this small island nation by strengthening its democratic institutions. The USG is also working with the Maldivian Government to coordinate policies in international organizations, especially on such issues of shared interest as global warming, drug trafficking, nonproliferation, and international crime and terrorism. Because the U.S. has no resident Mission in Maldives, the U.S. will continue to pursue its national interests there through regular diplomatic exchanges managed by the U.S. Embassy in Colombo, through the IMET program and through Regional Democracy Fund programs.

Training included funds to facilitate U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in peacekeeping exercises. The Maldives uses its IMET funding to send students to the Naval Staff College, Officer Candidate School and various officer training courses. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of enhancing stability and democracy, and increase the Maldivian officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. The Maldives improves interoperability with U.S. forces through IMET-funded specialized English language training. Maldivian military personnel also take part in courses on maintenance and instructor training, all of which enhance their value as future peacekeeping participants. Also, the Maldives had three students attend the Asia-Pacific Center in FY 2000, and is projected to have three more attending in FY 2001.

NEPAL

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

6

$67,014

7

$97,240

FMF

7

$0

0

$0

IMET

43

$216,000

44

$220,000

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

66

$283,014

56

$349,352

Nepal's progress in consolidating its young democratic institutions and achieving sustainable economic development supports the U.S. national interests of fostering democracy and prosperity around the globe, and promoting regional security. Nepal also presents opportunities for the pursuit of important U.S. global interests, including, preserving the environment, stabilizing population growth, providing humanitarian response, promoting market-oriented economic reform, strengthening international peacekeeping, combating international crime, and slowing the spread of infectious diseases.

Nepal uses its IMET funding to send students to various officer training courses. This facilitates U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in international peacekeeping. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Nepalese officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Nepalese military personnel take part in courses on civil affairs, medical training, military police training, defense management and maintenance, all of which enhance their value as a future peacekeeping participants.

As a means of strengthening defense ties with Nepal, the U.S. welcomed Nepalese participation in FY 2000 in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Nepal. The U.S. proposes Nepalese participation in Asia-Pacific Center executive courses in FY 2001 as well as funding five students to attend the Near East South Asia Center.

 PAKISTAN

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

9

$99,329

12

$166,740

Exchanges

3

$275,859

0

$0

INL

29

$0

0

$0

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

Section 1004

0

$0

140

$247,000

Service Academy

3

$190,319

0

$0

TOTAL

44

$565,507

157

$445,852

The two overwhelming priorities of U.S. foreign policy in Pakistan are to work with the international community to persuade Pakistan to adhere to the global nuclear nonproliferation regime, and to restore a democratically elected civilian government. The U.S. is also promoting a resumption of a productive India-Pakistan dialogue to address the underlying issues leading to regional tensions. The basic long-range objective of the U.S. is to lay the foundation for a new, post-Cold War relationship. This will require that Pakistan restore and strengthen its democratic institutions and implement market-oriented economic reforms. In revitalizing U.S.-Pakistani relations, the U.S. will focus on areas where Pakistan will have an important role to play in the 21st century. These include trade and investment, population stabilization, nuclear and missile nonproliferation, counter-narcotics, counter-terrorism, and cooperation in seeking an end to the civil war in Afghanistan and establishing a broad-based democratic government.

With the few exceptions noted above, (PME Exchange Agreements, Section 1004, and Section 506), aid for Pakistan is prohibited under Section 508 of the FY 2000 and 2001 Foreign Operations appropriations Acts, which prohibit(s) military aid to any country that overthrows a democratically elected government. Glenn Amendment and related sanctions also prohibit most IMET aid for Pakistan. Given the imposition of these sanctions, U.S. tools for achieving these objectives are largely public and private diplomacy.

Should Pakistan return to democracy and IMET is restored, we plan to use IMET funds to facilitate U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in peacekeeping exercises. In FY 2000 we sent three cadets to attend U.S. military academies. They will continue their studies there in FY 2001. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of stability and democracy, and increase the Pakistani officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Also, 12 mid-rank Pakistani students will attend the Asia-Pacific Center and 5 will attend the Near East South Asia Center. These courses do not fall under the purview of Section 508 sanctions.

The Asia-Pacific and NESA Center's executive courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build relationships with their counterparts from Pakistan that hopefully will carry over to the post-military government era, when military to military relations can be resumed and expanded.

 SRI LANKA

 

FY 2000 Actual

FY 2001 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Asia-Pacific Center

7

$78,961

11

$152,799

IMET

10

$203,000

12

$245,000

Non-Security Assistance, Unified Command Engagement Activities

327

$926,084

0

$0

NESA

0

$0

5

$32,112

TOTAL

344

$1,208,045

28

$429,911

Sri Lanka has a long tradition of vigorous democracy. It was the first country in the region to liberalize its economy, and has impressive social indicators. The primary U.S. national interests in Sri Lanka are strengthening democratic institutions, increasing respect for human rights and enhancing U.S.-Sri Lankan economic ties and cooperation. These goals not only reflect a U.S. humanitarian interest, but improved human rights performance would facilitate an end to Sri Lanka's 17-year civil war, thereby reducing the threat of terrorism and improving regional stability. An end to the war would also boost the economy, increasing opportunities for U.S. business. The United States and Sri Lanka also share interests in environmental protection and the suppression of international terrorism.

Training included funds to facilitate U.S. military-to-military professional contacts and assist in training exercises. Development of an apolitical, professional military contributes to political stability and allows for increased participation in peacekeeping exercises. Specifically, Sri Lanka uses its IMET funding to send students to the Air Force and Navy Command and Staff Colleges and various officer training courses. These opportunities promote the U.S. goals of enhancing stability and democracy, and increase the Sri Lankan officer corps' familiarity with U.S. values and military practices. Sri Lanka improves interoperability with U.S. forces through IMET-funded specialized English language training. Sri Lankan military personnel take part in courses on civil affairs, defense management and maintenance, all of which enhance their value as a future peacekeeping participants. Also, Sri Lanka had seven students attend the Asia-Pacific Center in FY 2000. In FY 2001 there are eleven students projected to attend the Asia-Pacific Center and five students projected to attend the Near East South Asia Center.



Back to Top
Sign-in

Do you already have an account on one of these sites? Click the logo to sign in and create your own customized State Department page. Want to learn more? Check out our FAQ!

OpenID is a service that allows you to sign in to many different websites using a single identity. Find out more about OpenID and how to get an OpenID-enabled account.