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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

Executive Summary

Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest: Joint Report to Congress
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
May 2003

This report is presented pursuant to the requirements of two laws: the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended, and section 561 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations, Division E, Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003 (P.L. 108-7). FAA, Section 656 (22 U.S.C. 2416), requires:

  1. Annual Report

    1. In general - not later than January 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during the previous fiscal year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.

    2. Exception for certain countries - paragraph (1) does not apply to any NATO member, Australia, Japan, or New Zealand, unless one of the appropriate congressional committees has specifically requested, in writing, inclusion of such country in the report. Such request shall be made not later than 90 calendar days prior to the date on which the report is required to be transmitted.

  2. Contents. The report shall include the following:

    1. For each military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the activity, the number of foreign military personnel provided training and their units of operation, and the location of the training.

    2. For each country, the aggregate number of students trained and the aggregate cost of the military training activities.

  3. With respect to United States (U.S.) personnel, the operational benefits to the U.S. Forces derived from each military training activity and the U.S. military units involved in each activity.

  4. Form. The report shall be in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

  5. Availability on Internet. All unclassified portions of the report shall be made available to the public on the Internet through the Department of State.

Section 561 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations, Division E, Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, requires:

  1. The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly provide to the Congress by May 1, a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel (excluding sales, and excluding training provided to the military personnel of countries belonging to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)) under programs administered by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during fiscal years 2002 and 2003, including those proposed for fiscal year 2003. This report shall include, for each such military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the training activity, the cost of the training activity, the number of foreign students trained and their units of operations, and the location of the training. In addition, this report shall also include, with respect to U.S. personnel, the operational benefits to U.S. Forces derived from each such training activity and the U.S. military units involved in such training activity. This report may include a classified annex if deemed necessary and appropriate.

  2. For purposes of this section, a report to Congress shall be deemed to mean a report to the Appropriations and Foreign Relations Committees of the Senate and the Appropriations and International Relations Committees of the House of Representatives.

The Department of Defense and the Department of State share the same vision: to be respected for leadership, expertise, innovation, and results in providing those military training and education opportunities to allies and friends that support U.S. foreign and national security policy. To validate this vision, the United States provides military training programs for foreign personnel to enhance their capabilities to deter aggression or coercion, promote civilian-military relations, improve program management, and formalize business process improvements. The Departments of Defense and State ensure that military training programs are consistent with our overall foreign policy and national security goals and all relevant U.S. laws and regulations.

This report was generated using data that was submitted by multiple sources to include Security Assistance Organizations, Combatant Commanders and other DoD agencies. SECDEF messages 111421Z Sep02 and 121447Z Sep02 provided detailed information on how to report each program. These specific requirements assist the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) in identifying each program when integrating all submitted data to form a consolidated report.

Volume I of this report provides the operational benefits to U.S. Forces for these training and education programs and other security cooperation activities; a description of each type of activity; a summary of all training provided along with the foreign policy justification for each country; country activity training lists; and explanations of the purpose for each training activity. Section 656(a) of the FAA authorizes the exemptions of all NATO member countries from this report. This report includes a new program funded by the Department of Defense - Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CT) and the African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA), which replaces the DoS-funded African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI). Volume I is unclassified and posted on the Department of State website. Due to the sensitive nature of Volumes II and III, they are classified, thereby excluding both from being made available on the Internet.

The report contains approximately 42,169 individual events assembled in alphabetical order within regions by country and fiscal year, and then listed in three main categories - education and training activities provided under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program; Department of State (DoS)-funded activities; and Department of Defense (DoD)-funded activities. DoS-funded activities reported include: International Military Education and Training (IMET); Foreign Military Financing (FMF)-funded training; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL); Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC); and FAA drawdown for narcotics education and training.

DoD-funded activities reported in Volumes II and III include: Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CT); Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities; Non-Security Assistance, Combatant Command Security Cooperation Activities (e.g., Counter-Narcotics, Humanitarian Demining); and Non-Security Assistance. Miscellaneous DoD- and DoS-funded activities reported include: Service Academy; Aviation Leadership Program; Exchanges; and Regional Programs; the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS), the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Marshall Center), the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS), the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies (NESA Center), and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS); and certain classified Combatant Command activities. Training events and security cooperation activities reported for fiscal year 2002 and anticipated for 2003 will involve approximately 86,597 international military and civilian personnel from 161 countries around the world.

Although the Department of Defense does not deem the Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET) events as training, they are included in this report. Some categories of training, such as Expanded-IMET (E-IMET) and the Regional Centers, also include training of non-military personnel, and some non-training counterdrug activities.

This report is more than a basic chronological entry of worldwide events - it is documentation of the many ways in which foreign military education and training programs and security cooperation activities support U.S. foreign policy and national security policy by improving the capabilities of U.S. allies and friendly nations, and providing training opportunities for both U.S. and foreign forces.

Through the stated programs and activities, U.S. military forces enjoy increased access in critical regions around the world. These programs also help allies and friends create positive regional balances of military power to deter aggression or coercion. By providing these types of programs the United States demonstrates its dependability as a security partner. Not only do these programs enhance participants' technical skills, they also expose foreign military leaders to the professionalism of U.S. military forces and, particularly with CONUS-based programs, to the American way of life. A training program designed to provide instruction in areas such as defense resources management or command-and-control architecture also highlights the benefits of effective civilian oversight and respect for the rule of law - concepts that are essential to developing a professional military force. Our allies and friendly nations, as well as the U.S. Forces share the benefits gained through these programs. All recipients gain experience and expertise and are given the opportunity of exposure to one another's political systems, language, cultures, and the diversity of environments.

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