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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

III. DOS Foreign Policy Objectives -- Western Hemisphere Region


Foreign Military Training: Joint Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2003 and 2004
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
June 2004
Report
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Antigua and Barbuda

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

21

$184,455

20

$218,601

INL

30

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

2

$14,654

1

$7,500

Section 1004

19

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

72

$199,109

21

$226,101


Antigua and Barbuda is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of Antigua and Barbuda to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. U.S.-funded training assists in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Participating in joint exercises and maritime training increases Antigua and Barbuda's ability to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. An 82-foot patrol boat, provided by the U.S. government and delivered in 1998, has been used extensively for coastal patrolling and maritime counternarcotic missions.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Antigua and Barbuda at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Antigua and Barbuda.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Antigua and Barbuda, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Argentina

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

1

$198

1

$920

CTFP

0

$0

10

$200,000

Exchange Training

0

$0

1

$71,765

FMS

27

$69,176

34

$22,440

IMET

360

$983,282

289

$1,058,863

Non-SA, Combatant Command

4

$0

0

$0

PME Exchanges

7

$5,622

2

$18,546

Regional Centers

31

$183,505

36

$225,275

TOTAL

430

$1,241,783

373

$1,597,809


Argentina is a democratic nation and a close ally in the strategically important Southern Cone region. We have a close relationship with the Government of Argentina (GOA) and the Argentine military actively participates in international peacekeeping and other multilateral efforts. The President has also designated Argentina as a Major Non-NATO Ally. To promote interoperability and knowledge of U.S. operations, the Argentine military participated in a number of joint exercises with U.S. forces.

IMET courses in civil-military operations, command and general staff officer training and non-commissioned officer training assist efforts to modernize and professionalize its armed forces. They also help reinforce the concept of civilian control of the military and familiarize Argentine military with U.S. military doctrine and practices. Other training in helicopter maintenance and courses in logistics management also increase Argentina's ability to maintain U.S. equipment in its inventory, thus improving Argentine interoperability with U.S. forces in bilateral and multilateral activities. As South America's second largest contributor of troops to international peacekeeping operations, training in peacekeeping and humanitarian demining further encourages Argentina's participation in these activities.

Argentina will start receiving Counter Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funding in FY 2004. The Argentina Police are primarily responsible for an effective counter terrorism program in Argentina. They have a strong special operations group, skilled at real world hostage rescue and good marksmanship skills. CTFP funds will assist this group to train for more effective counterterrorism initiatives, and to strengthen the unit's ability to conduct small-to-medium scale operations. CTFP funds have allowed the Military Group to provide a 20-position English Language training laboratory, as well as to allow Argentineans to participate in counter terrorism conferences and an international crisis command and control course, geared to improving Argentina's ability to counter the international threat of terrorism.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Argentine participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Argentina.

By its own terms, � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to Argentina.

Bahamas

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

33

$136,140

48

$176,635

Non-SA, Combatant Command

4

$0

1

$0

Regional Centers

1

$7,327

1

$7,500

Section 1004

8

$41,356

3

$24,672

TOTAL

46

$184,823

53

$208,807


The Bahamas is a democratic nation that has very good bilateral relations with the United States. IMET courses in basic military officers and NCO training and attendance at the Naval Staff College and a variety of maritime training courses assist The Bahamas in the development of a more professional and efficient security force.

The Bahamas is instrumental in assisting the U.S. in combating narcotics trafficking and illegal migration in the region. Training activities therefore include instruction in operational planning and exercises with U.S. forces. Training in ship management and boarding team operations greatly enhances The Bahamas' ability to perform law enforcement and security activities. Training on legal issues involving the military encourages continued Bahamian participation in many bilateral and multilateral activities. One result has been close cooperation with the U.S. Government on a combined law enforcement effort, Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), which is critical for the interdiction of aliens, drugs and terrorist en route to the United States. In addition, this training has resulted in the Bahamas placing an increased emphasis on preventing money laundering and on asset forfeiture investigations and prosecution.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from The Bahamas at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from The Bahamas.

As of the publication date of this report, Bahamas is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Barbados

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

16

$147,341

20

$180,222

Non-SA, Combatant Command

2

$0

1

$0

Regional Centers

2

$7,382

3

$22,500

Section 1004

0

$0

25

$0

TOTAL

20

$154,723

49

$202,722


Barbados is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. Planned training will assist Barbados in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Training in marine safety and maritime search and rescue greatly enhances Barbados' ability to assist in counternarcotics efforts. Barbados has continued its leadership role in the Eastern Caribbean in passing domestic legislation to enable it to implement maritime law enforcement agreements. U. S. Government training and support has facilitated execution of cooperative bilateral law enforcement efforts in the region.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Barbados at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Barbados.

As of the publication date of this report, Barbados, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Belize

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

49

$236,355

52

$239,330

Non-SA, Combatant Command

30

$0

0

$0

Section 1004

180

$0

0

$0

Section 506

1

$2,874

0

$0

TOTAL

260

$239,229

52

$239,330


Belize is a democratic nation that has a good bilateral relationship with the United States. We have encouraged the military of Belize to participate more actively in counternarcotic and other multilateral efforts. Because of its proximity to the United States, its long coastline dotted with many islands and inlets and its position linking Central American and Caribbean states, Belize is an ideal transit point for illicit drugs headed for the United States. Easy access to the United States and Mexico makes Belize an attractive staging area for other international crimes as well. It is a market for vehicles stolen in the United States, a potential site for money laundering and a point of origin for smuggled wildlife and artifacts.

IMET and other programs provide training and equipment to maintain a small but disciplined Belize Defense Force (BDF). BDF troops served with the CARICOM Battalion during peacekeeping operations in Haiti and participated in regional training exercises with U.S., British and Caribbean forces. IMET training in the areas of mid-level officers training and equipment maintenance, as well as the rule of law and discipline in military operations, greatly improves the professionalism and competence of the BDF. A number of activities were conducted to help make the BDF a more effective partner when operating with U.S. forces in joint exercises and operations, particularly in the counterdrug area.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Belize, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Bermuda (UK)

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

0

$0

1

$7,753

Non-SA, Combatant Command

24

$51,673

0

$0

TOTAL

24

$51,673

1

$7,753


Bermuda is a non-sovereign territory of the United Kingdom in the Atlantic Ocean east of the United States. During FY 2004, they are projected to use FMS funding to send a student from their Department of Marine and Ports Services to the U.S. Coast Guard Training Center at Yorktown, VA to attend a variety of courses related to maritime maintenance, navigation and officer training. Since Bermuda is a frequent stop for U.S.-owned yachts and cruise ships with U.S. passengers, this training will help ensure the safety of U.S. travelers and vessels that may call at their port or transit their waters. This training will also enhance Bermuda's ability to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotics operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations.

Bolivia

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

3

$22,815

0

$0

FMF

3

$41,255

0

$0

FMF (Bolivia International Narcotics Control)

1652

$36,490

0

$0

IMET

69

$1,050,171

65

$744,105

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

0

$0

0

$0

PME Exchanges

35

$50,285

3

$14,859

Regional Centers

12

$73,380

17

$112,610

Section 1004

263

$2,327,062

95

$722,572

Section 506

8

$106,530

0

$0

TOTAL

2045

$3,707,988

180

$1,594,146


Bolivia is currently experiencing significant challenges to democratic rule by anti-government forces. It enjoys a strong bilateral relationship with the United States. Bolivia is heavily engaged in a major counternarcotics effort with significant support and partial funding from the United States. The Bolivian government implemented a five-year counternarcotics plan early in 1998. U.S. Government training and participation in joint exercises have enabled Bolivia to phase out individual compensation for eradication, substantially reduce the amount of coca under cultivation in the Chapare and increase the number of arrests and chemical seizures. This effort is hampered by resistance from those who have profited from the production and trafficking of narcotics, particularly cocaine. Special counternarcotic forces and certain select units of the military are active participants in the drug war. At times there have been violent confrontations between coca growers and government forces.

Bolivia has been certified as cooperating with U.S. counternarcotics policy. IMET funds have provided professional military education (PME) and NCO training to enhance the professionalism of Bolivia's armed forces. Programs on civil-military relations, resource management and democratic institution building help reinforce principles of democracy and civilian control of the military. Prior-year FMF funds provided mid-level officer training and improved technical training for counternarcotic operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Bolivian participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Bolivia

As of the publication date of this report, Bolivia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Brazil

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

Exchange Training

1

$68,494

0

$0

FMS

100

$9,354,468

27

$792,128

IMET

141

$397,372

194

$620,162

Non-SA, Combatant Command

1

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

15

$73,545

28

$165,330

Section 506

1

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

259

$9,893,879

249

$1,577,620


As a result of its geographic size and economic power, Brazil has substantial influence over the entire South American continent and its military actively participates in international peacekeeping and other multilateral efforts. Our security relationship with this regional leader suffered a considerable decline in the late 1970s when Brazil was governed by a military regime that was displeased by our foreign policy's emphasis on human rights. This displeasure resulted in the cessation of the U.S.-Brazil Military Assistance Accord that had been in effect since WWII. Brazil's transition to civilian government in 1985 paved the way for a closer partnership and its creation of a civilian-led Ministry of Defense in 1999 greatly facilitated our bilateral defense relationship. Today, that relationship can be characterized as mature and continually improving.

IMET training courses for NCOs, mid-level and senior officers assist Brazil's efforts to modernize and professionalize its armed forces and help strengthen the principle of civilian control of the military. Other training in equipment maintenance and logistics also enhances Brazil's ability to maintain its inventory and further encourages Brazil's participation in international peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. Brazil's participation in joint exercises strengthens interoperability with U.S. forces.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Brazil at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Brazil.

As of the publication date of this report, Brazil, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Chile

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

0

$0

2

$18,961

Exchange Training

3

$78,494

2

$10,000

FMS

14

$2,074,789

180

$6,022,800

IMET

243

$691,696

398

$814,569

Non-SA, Combatant Command

52

$262,738

1

$0

Regional Centers

33

$228,275

41

$279,916

TOTAL

345

$3,335,992

624

$7,146,246


Chile is a key partner of the United States in the Western Hemisphere and beyond. Our military training activities help to advance U.S. interests in regional stability, interoperability with U.S. forces and the maintenance and protection of basic democratic values and human rights. As the Chilean armed forces have become more modern and professional, they have expanded their participation in U.S.-advocated activities such as international peacekeeping.

The IMET program has been an invaluable tool in the transition away from the Pinochet era. Technical training has supported Chile's efforts to modernize its forces, which, combined with Chile's participation in joint training exercises with American personnel, has enhanced effective interoperability with the United States. The provision of management training for non-commissioned, mid-level and senior officers has helped Chile to further professionalize its armed forces. Overall, contact between Chilean and U.S. military and civilian personnel through the IMET program has strengthened Chile's democracy and steadily eased the misperceptions that had arisen between our two countries.

Chile's EIPC-assisted peacekeeping capability supports U.S. interests by facilitating regional and international cooperation. Increased peacekeeping readiness encourages cooperation among the Chilean services, strengthens and further motivates Chile's rationale for defense modernization and promotes collaboration and exchanges with the U.S. and other regional militaries. Due in part to training programs such as these, today's Chilean military is more modern, professional and willing/able to support the U.S. than ever before.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Chilean participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Chile.

As of the publication date of this report, Chile is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Colombia

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

CTFP

358

$288,204

20

$400,000

FMF

123

$288,247

2

$74,596

FMS

0

$0

88

$116,170

IMET

590

$1,541,209

472

$1,377,990

INL

1271

$2,607,335

1372

$3,339,613

Non-SA, Combatant Command

5

$0

1

$0

Regional Centers

41

$191,272

40

$203,160

Section 1004

10558

$27,411,337

2263

$8,288,573

Service Academies

1

$52,140

0

$0

TOTAL

12947

$32,379,744

4258

$13,800,102


Colombia is Latin America's oldest formal democracy and a major ally of the United States in the fight against international narcotics trafficking and terrorism. As the source of most of the cocaine and much of the heroin consumed in the United States, Colombia is the focus of a significant share of the U.S. Government's international counterdrug effort. Prior to the passage of the FY 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act, the largest part of the training provided to the Colombian military was in direct support of the U.S. counterdrug strategy. Since then, U.S. training has broadened to reflect U.S. support to assist the Colombian military in its unified campaign against narcotics traffickers and designated terrorist groups.

In FY 2004, Section 1004 (National Defense Authorization Act for FY 1991) counterdrug training in Colombia will allow United States Marine Corps and Special Operations Forces (SOF) efforts, including aviation aircrew training, Colombian Marine riverine training and light infantry training of Colombian police and military. All Section 1004 training is provided in support of drug eradication and interdiction efforts. In FY 2002 and 2003, the major focus of SOF training was the 1st Counterdrug Brigade and other units of the Colombian Army. Extensive sustainment training is reflected in FY 2004 planning as is the required increased support for training of aircraft mechanics, crew and pilots for the assets provided to the Government of Colombia (GOC) for counternarcotic and counter terrorism programs.

The FY 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act provided DoD with expanded authority to use Colombia assistance funds to support the COG in its unified campaign against narcotics trafficking and terrorist groups such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), and the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), and to take actions to protect human health and welfare in emergency circumstances, including undertaking rescue operations. This authority has been renewed. As part of the FY 02 Supplemental, Congress also approved $6M to enhance the Colombian military's ability to protect critical infrastructures, specifically the Cano Limon pipeline. In FY 2003 SOF provided training and equipment as part of this initiative. An additional $93M in FY 2003 for FMF funding was approved to infrastructure security training assistance and needed equipment. For FY 2004, FMF funding will be used to continue to support Colombia's unified campaign against narcotics trafficking and terrorist organizations.

The IMET program adds to these training efforts, and funds a broad range of courses for the Colombian military at all levels that promote mutually beneficial mil-to-mil relations and increase understanding and defense cooperation between the U.S. and Colombia. Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and IMET courses include a strong emphasis on human rights, including courses on democratic sustainment. IMET also provides technical training for NCOs and field-grade officers, as well as training in maintenance, logistics and resource management. These courses assist the Colombian military by increasing its abilities to better care for and maintain U.S.-provided equipment, thus increasing Colombia's ability to pursue its counterdrug and counterterrorist efforts, as well as its efforts to reestablish security throughout Colombia.

Colombia's counter terrorism program is formally managed by the Urban Antiterrorism Special Forces Group, a joint unit comprised of personnel and equipment from all of their military services. This unit has real world combat experience and excellent planning skills, and Counter Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funding is geared toward giving them the counter terrorism training to supplement this experience. CTFP funds have already allowed Colombians to attend courses designed to assist them to combat terrorism, manage resources, understand better the dynamics of international terrorism, and develop international and U.S. ties through senior leader attendance at U.S. senior military schools. These courses will allow Colombia's elite counter terrorism unit a greater understanding of the international threat of terrorism and an increased ability to counter it.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Colombian participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Chile.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Colombia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Costa Rica

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

62

$397,038

122

$649,106

INL

35

$8,010

0

$0

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

150

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

4

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

1

$7,327

2

$15,000

Section 1004

45

$237,804

7

$19,102

TOTAL

297

$650,179

131

$683,208


Costa Rica is a democratic nation, a major ally in Central America and was the first Central American nation to sign and ratify a Maritime Counternarcotics Agreement with the United States. Costa Rica actively participates in efforts to reduce illegal migration, drug trafficking and poaching of marine fisheries in the region, and has become a staunch U.S. partner in the fight against international crime, greatly expanding and complementing our law enforcement efforts in the region.

Costa Rica is one of two countries in Latin America that does not have a military, relying on its Public Security Forces for defense. IMET training serves to further professionalize the Coast Guard and law enforcement services through courses such as patrol craft commander training, rule of law and discipline in military operations and NCO professional development training. Likewise, as the GOCR assumes an increasingly sophisticated counternarcotics role, other training provides access to modern, state-of-the-art law enforcement methods, as well as assistance in equipment maintenance, logistics and resource management. Counternarcotics training focuses on operational skills, as well as on joint exercises to improve interoperability with U.S. forces.

As a means of strengthening security ties, the U.S. welcomed participation by Costa Rica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Costa Rica.

As of the publication date of this report, Costa Rica, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Dominica

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

10

$74,152

8

$103,050

Regional Centers

1

$7,327

0

$7,500

TOTAL

11

$81,479

8

$110,550


Dominica is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of Dominica to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. The planned training will assist Dominica in the development of a more professional and efficient security force and will enable Dominica to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic activities, search and rescue operations, international peacekeeping efforts and other bilateral and multilateral operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Dominica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Dominica.

As of the publication date of this report, Dominica, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Dominican Republic

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

2

$19,687

0

$0

FMF

31

$57,475

24

$59,243

FMS

8

$99,912

1

$4,960

IMET

59

$704,239

59

$939,847

INL

0

$0

30

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

4

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

11

$36,965

14

$75,275

Section 1004

296

$301,625

4

$9,955

Service Academies

1

$50,085

0

$0

TOTAL

412

$1,269,988

132

$1,089,280


The Dominican Republic is a democratic nation and a close ally of the United States. We have encouraged the Dominican Republic military to participate more actively in counternarcotic operations and other multilateral efforts. The Dominican Republic is a member of the Coalition of the Willing and has troops in Iraq. It was the first country in the Western Hemisphere to sign an Article 98 agreement.

IMET training in areas such as civil-military operations and democratic sustainment will contribute to the Dominican Republic's support for the principles of human rights, democracy and civilian control of the military. Professional training and education at all levels (including NCO training and command and staff colleges) improves the professionalism of the Dominican Republic armed forces. Other training included technical and counternarcotics training to increase the Dominican Republic's ability to operate with U.S. forces, and joint exercises which promoted team building and provided baseline knowledge of U.S. operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from the Dominican Republic at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the Dominican Republic.

As of the publication date of this report, the Dominican Republic is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Ecuador

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

4

$35,650

0

$0

FMF

89

$86,202

0

$102,084

FMS

42

$110,927

0

$250,000

IMET

116

$915,782

84

$1,072,133

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

60

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

1

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

24

$110,345

25

$120,495

Section 1004

323

$1,597,866

166

$641,372

Service Academies

3

$162,365

0

$0

TOTAL

662

$3,019,137

275

$2,186,084


The U.S. has strong and friendly bilateral relations with Ecuador. Ecuador's democracy has been struggling in recent years under various pressures, including a severe financial crisis, rivalries between domestic regions, high-profile corruption and lack of support for the President. Ecuador's military has a great deal of independence and political influence, and they have some funding sources of their own which reduce their dependence on the budget process. The Ecuadorian military played a controversial role in the January 2000 political crisis, but has reaffirmed its commitment to civilian control.

Training in civil-military relations, the rule of law and discipline in military operations and as human rights instructors as well as participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) help reinforce the principles of civilian control of the military and strengthen the principles of human rights. Ecuador is designated as a major drug-transiting country, and many of the activities such as counternarcotic operations, officer training, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance provide training needed to professionalize and modernize Ecuador's military. Significant training efforts in counterdrug operations have also been conducted. Joint exercises with U.S. forces contributed to continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic efforts. In November 1999, Ecuador and the United States concluded a ten-year agreement for the access and use of Manta Air Force Base, Ecuador, as a Forward Operating Location for U.S. aircraft monitoring drug trafficking flights through the region. USSOUTHCOM provides training for humanitarian demining efforts along Peru's border with Ecuador.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Ecuador at the CHDS executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Ecuador.

As of the publication date of this report, Ecuador, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

El Salvador

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

2

$17,422

0

$0

IMET

298

$1,161,063

230

$1,252,186

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

180

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

0

$0

1

$0

Regional Centers

6

$36,690

7

$30,165

Section 1004

2

$9,658

2

$10,400

TOTAL

488

$1,224,833

240

$1,292,751


El Salvador is a democratic country that has had a historically close relationship with the United States. Bilateral military assistance has been dramatically reduced since the end of the civil war in 1992 and overall relations have flourished with the civilian government. The principal U.S. interests in El Salvador are supporting democracy, fighting international crime and illegal drugs, encouraging economic development, deterring illegal immigration to the U.S. and promoting U.S. exports.

Training is geared towards professional training programs that will sustain the dramatic improvement in civil-military relations and consequent improvement in the democratic climate and regional stability seen in recent years. Officer training at all levels, including command and staff colleges and courses in civil-military relations and democratic sustainment help reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and reinforce the principles of human rights. El Salvador has strongly supported the Global War on Terror and sent special forces troops to Iraq. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Salvadoran Armed forces to develop expertise and participate in future PKO. In March 2000, the USG opened one of the three Forward Operating Locations (FOL), which supports counterdrug operations in the pacific corridor. The Government of El Salvador (GOES) granted the concession to base our operations in their country at great political expense, and our continued close relations with their military through IMET is vital to the longevity of this operation. Training, through IMET and FMF funds, in counternarcotic operations, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance will provide assistance needed to professionalize and modernize the Salvadoran military and encourage its continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic efforts. Joint training exercises with U.S. forces contribute to team building and give the armed forces exposure to U.S. counterdrug operations. El Salvador is also a transit point for illegal immigration and drugs to the U.S., and IMET will assist the GOES to better patrol its borders. Since the earthquakes of January/February 2001, emphasis has been given to helping the Salvadoran military carry out its disaster relief and reconstruction mission, as well as to building its disaster preparedness capabilities. The new roles of patrolling borders and disaster relief have created a needed and positive role for the military, helping to erase years of distrust by the population of the armed forces.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from El Salvador at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from El Salvador.

As of the publication date of this report, El Salvador is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Grenada

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

11

$77,557

11

$106,982

TOTAL

11

$77,557

11

$106,982


Grenada is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of Grenada to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. The planned training will assist in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training and exercises with U.S. forces will contribute to greater interoperability and baseline understanding of U.S. counterdrug operations.

As of the publication date of this report, Grenada is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Guatemala

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

5

$32,902

1

$15,294

IMET

83

$298,728

126

$431,631

Regional Centers

4

$14,764

9

$52,610

TOTAL

92

$346,394

136

$499,535


Guatemala is a fragile democracy with a traditionally cooperative relationship with the United States. This relationship, however, has been strained by several factors: continuing impunity in cases involving military participation in human rights abuses that occurred during Guatemala's 36-year civil conflict; a recent resurgence of abuses believed to be orchestrated by ex-military and current military officials; and allegations of corruption and narcotics trafficking by ex-military officers. Because of continuing concerns regarding past human rights cases, Guatemala is restricted by Congressional mandate to receiving Expanded IMET (E-IMET) only. We are hopeful that the new government that took office on January 14, 2004 will exert a more concerted effort to address these concerns.

Participation in Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies activities, and training in civil-military relations, rule of law and discipline in military operations and democratic sustainment help reinforce the goal of civilian control of the military and human rights principles. Other training activities help Guatemalan forces strengthen their drug enforcement capabilities, conduct interdiction and eradication activities and improve their ability to integrate their planning and execution with U.S. entities in regional counter-narcotic, disaster relief or humanitarian operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Guatemala at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Guatemala.

As of the publication date of this report, Guatemala is not a State Party to the Rome Statute, therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance. However, as indicated above other restrictions may apply.

Guyana

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

FMS

20

$53,255

0

$0

IMET

24

$357,248

31

$707,435

INL

30

$0

60

$0

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

150

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

3

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

3

$21,981

4

$30,000

TOTAL

230

$432,484

95

$737,435


The United States has friendly relations with Guyana, a small, poor and heavily indebted country with a wealth of natural resources. Guyana is making a slow transition to a free-market system and has held several free and fair elections over the past eleven years. Guyana has an unresolved border dispute with neighboring Suriname. Venezuela also has an outstanding claim to approximately two thirds of Guyana's territory. Neither border controversy is likely to lead to armed conflict in the immediate future.

Although Guyana has not been identified as a major drug-transit or producing country, narcotics trafficking is increasingly a concern. We have been encouraging the Government of Guyana (GOG) to participate more actively in counternarcotic and other multilateral security activities. IMET training in professional military education (PME), a variety of maritime-related courses and those which support counternarcotic efforts, as well as participation in the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, assist in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Participating in joint exercises and training in maritime search and rescue increases Guyana's ability to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic and other bilateral and multilateral operations. A Maritime Law Enforcement Agreement giving shipriders law enforcement authority was enacted in 2003.

In 2001, Guyana received four U.S. Coast Guard patrol boats under the Excess Defense Article program, and a minesweeper was obtained from Great Britain. Guyana received three Detroit diesel engines to provide maintenance and replacement support for the previously supplied patrol boats.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Guyana at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Guyana.

As of the publication date of this report, Guyana is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Haiti

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

30

$50,491

184

$170,121

INL

30

$0

60

$0

Regional Centers

0

$0

1

$7,500

Section 1004

30

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

90

$50,491

245

$177,621


Haiti's expulsion of three high-profile drug traffickers and the Haitian Coast Guard's interdiction of a drug and migrant smuggling vessel were noteworthy achievements resulting from our cooperation with elements of the Haitian National Police (HNP) in FY 2003. This cooperation resulted from our bilateral Letter of Agreement of May 15, 2002. The chance of building on these achievements argues for continued targeted support of the HNP, including the Haitian Coast Guard, in FY 2004. Continued engagement with the Haitian Coast Guard will increase its professionalism and interdiction capacity and reinforce the rule of law in Haiti's ports and territorial waters. USG training and support will enable Haiti to cooperate more fully with the U.S. Coast Guard and other U.S. law enforcement agencies working to control narcotics trafficking, illegal migration and alien smuggling. Additional resources will allow the Haitian Coast Guard to expand its presence on the north and south coasts of the country and to demonstrate independent initiative in areas of concern. Cooperation with the HNP may additionally focus on providing a secure environment for national elections expected in 2004.

As of the publication date of this report, Haiti is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Honduras

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

3

$28,974

2

$24,359

IMET

224

$909,850

135

$848,426

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

150

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

50

$27,000

0

$0

Regional Centers

3

$14,709

5

$22,555

Section 1004

4

$19,316

4

$9,241

Service Academies

5

$260,480

0

$0

TOTAL

439

$1,260,329

146

$904,581


Honduras is a democratic country and a close ally in the Central American region. Although Honduras is not designated as a major drug-transiting country, narcotics trafficking is a growing concern. Because of its geographic location, Honduras has become a transshipment point for narcotics entering the United States.

IMET-funded training is geared towards professional military education (PME) courses that encourage the continued dramatic improvement in civil-military relations, as well as improvement in the democratic climate and regional stability. Training at all levels, from NCO training up to command and staff colleges, and courses in civil-military relations and democratic sustainment help reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and promote the principles of human rights. Honduras has strongly supported the Global War on Terror and sent special forces troops to Iraq. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Honduran armed forces to develop expertise and to participate in future PKO. Prior-year FMF funds have provided assistance in logistics management and supported maintenance related to a 44' boat transferred under the Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. Training in counternarcotic operations, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance and participation in exercises with U.S. forces provide opportunities needed to professionalize and modernize the Honduran military and encourage its continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic efforts.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Honduras at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Honduras.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Honduras, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Jamaica

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

99

$805,863

144

$843,235

INL

30

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

1

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

4

$29,308

1

$7,500

Section 1004

124

$14,332

6

$26,340

Service Academies

1

$50,085

0

$0

TOTAL

259

$899,588

151

$877,075


Jamaica is a stable democracy and the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) cooperates with the U.S. on a variety of international and regional issues, to include contributing troops to the U.S.-led multinational force that intervened in Haiti in 1994. Although Jamaica is a major transit country for cocaine and the largest Caribbean producer and exporter of marijuana, the GOJ's cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic goals has been fully certified. Jamaica has no serious external threats to its security and maintains a very small military.

Training in the rules of law and discipline in military operations and junior- to mid-level officer professional development help maintain a professional military force subject to civilian control. Additionally, training in aircraft repairs, information systems, logistics and maritime operations assists in maintaining the technical proficiencies of the Jamaican military, while continued U.S. counternarcotics training enhances Jamaica's ability to combat narcotics traffickers. U.S. Government training and exercises have enabled Jamaica to improve its participation in bilateral counterdrug initiatives, strengthen its drug enforcement, money laundering and anti-corruption laws and improve its counternarcotic enforcement capabilities.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Jamaica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Jamaica.

As of the publication date of this report, Jamaica is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Mexico

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

CTFP

1

$12,000

15

$300,000

FMS

69

$34,382

2

$12,506

IMET

215

$1,520,655

91

$1,179,149

INL

55

$140,209

6

$13,740

Non-SA, Combatant Command

5

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

7

$29,473

16

$67,775

Section 1004

168

$1,341,445

262

$1,198,440

TOTAL

520

$3,078,164

392

$2,771,610


Mexico, our second largest trading partner in the world, shares a border of over 2,000 miles with the United States. Due to this proximity and close relationship, significantly improved levels of cooperation have occurred across a range of common interests and concerns, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics and the fight against corruption. The Mexican military is focused primarily on internal security, but also plays a significant role in counternarcotic activities, including interdiction and the deployment of some 20,000 troops at any one time to manually eradicate marijuana and opium poppy fields. Mexico remains, nonetheless, an important source of marijuana and opium poppy. Additionally, as much as 70 percent of the cocaine entering the United States from South America passes through Mexico or surrounding waters off both coasts. Counternarcotics cooperation with the U.S. is coordinated through various mechanisms - including the Binational Commission (BNC), Senior Law Enforcement Plenary (SLEP), and Bilateral Interdiction Working Group (BIWG). The administration of President Vicente Fox has taken a courageous stand against transnational crime and corruption, viewing both as fundamental threats to Mexican national security; as a result, levels of coordination and bilateral cooperation in the counternarcotics field have reached unprecedented levels. Mexican efforts to clean house and attack internal corruption have also been dramatic; and include the disbanding of an entire battalion in Sinaloa and arrest of several senior officers for suspected ties to narcotraffickers.

IMET-funded training in the areas of rule of law and discipline in military operations support the Fox Administration's efforts to strengthen the rule of law and respect for human rights in both law enforcement and military branches of government. Mid-to-senior level officer training helps maintain the professionalism of the Mexican military. Resource management and equipment repairs provide the necessary tools for the Mexican armed forces to be partners with the U.S. in counterdrug and counternarcotics activities. The U.S. conducts extensive training in the counternarcotics and counterterrorism areas, with special emphasis on helicopter repair and maintenance of aircraft. Technical assistance covering a broad range of counterdrug and counterterrorism capabilities and assets enhance Mexico's ability to combat both home grown and foreign narcotics traffickers as well as cooperate more effectively with U.S. counterdrug and counter terrorism efforts. Interdiction training is key to helping combat illicit activities and potential terrorist threats.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Mexico at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Mexico.

As of the publication date of this report, Mexico is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Nicaragua

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

78

$571,845

84

$649,482

Non-SA, Combatant Command

48

$48,710

0

$0

Regional Centers

4

$22,036

3

$15,055

Section 1004

120

$0

30

$0

TOTAL

250

$642,591

117

$664,537


The primary national interests of the United States in Nicaragua are to support and strengthen democratic institutions, foster regional security, interdict international crime and to promote broad-based economic growth and post-Hurricane Mitch recovery. Since the return of a democratically elected government in 1990, Nicaragua has made great strides in opening its economy and in establishing legitimate, responsive democratic institutions. In particular, the Nicaraguan National Army (EN), once the political tool of the Sandinistas (FSLN), has undergone a dramatic transformation and has become a respected democratic institution. Continued engagement will further contribute to this process. Training activities promote regional security and strengthen democratic institutions. Nicaragua has strongly supported the Global War on Terrorism and contributed troops to stabilization efforts in Iraq. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Nicaraguan Armed forces to develop expertise and participate in future PKO.

Indicative of the EN's evolution from merely an armed instrument of the FSLN Party to a professional, apolitical institution was the complete support offered by the Commander of the Nicaraguan Army for passage of the Nicaraguan Counterdrug Maritime Agreement, enacted in November 2001. The Counterdrug Maritime Agreement allows Coast Guard/law enforcement elements to conduct joint interdiction operations against narcotraffickers in Nicaraguan waters. Embassy Managua has made a concerted effort to cross-train elements of the Nicaraguan Military and Nicaraguan National Police in ship boarding, interdiction techniques and drug enforcement operations.

IMET-funded training, such as civil-military relations and leadership training, have helped the EN make great progress in professionalizing its officer corps and supporting the leadership of a civilian president and a civilian Minister of Defense. The IMET program contains a significant English language component, as well as courses in military resource management and maritime operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Nicaragua at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Nicaragua.

As of the publication date of this report, Nicaragua is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Panama

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

37

$229,506

29

$227,142

INL

30

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

76

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

1

$7,327

4

$30,000

Section 1004

770

$872,000

30

$222,000

TOTAL

914

$1,108,833

63

$479,142


Panama remains important to U.S. national interests following the transfer of the Panama Canal. Approximately two-thirds of Canal traffic originates in or is destined for the United States. The Canal is our "third border."

Panama's strategic location between South and North America makes it a crossroads for international commerce, and also a center for illegal activity such as drug trafficking, money laundering, arms smuggling and illegal immigration. U.S. security engagement with Panama will become more crucial as Panama deals with any spillover from the Colombian conflict along its porous border. As Panama is one of three Latin American nations without a standing military, the U.S. will need to continue cooperative efforts with Panamanian security elements of the Public Force (law enforcement authorities) to counter transnational crime, increase border security and address other threats. U.S. assistance supports all four services of Panama's Public Force (PPF): National Police, National Air Service, National Maritime Service and Institutional Protection Service. IMET is provided to the PPF for short-duration technical, logistical and operational courses focused on security and counterterrorism.

Currently, the U.S. has a case-by-case agreement in place to provide legal coverage to members of the U.S. Armed Forces temporarily in Panama providing training or other assistance to the Government of Panama.

As a means of strengthening security ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Panama at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Panama.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Panama, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Paraguay

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

ALP

5

$29,786

1

$17,347

CTFP

17

$338,029

10

$200,000

IMET

44

$351,407

93

$494,839

Non-SA, Combatant Command

100

$320,034

0

$0

PME Exchanges

3

$34,694

0

$0

Regional Centers

11

$80,597

16

$120,000

Section 1004

30

$447,000

0

$0

TOTAL

210

$1,601,547

120

$832,186


Fifteen years after the overthrow of the Alfredo Stroessner dictatorship, the consolidation of a democratic society and state continues. Bilateral relations between the U.S. and Paraguay are strong, with Paraguay providing excellent cooperation in the fight against terrorism. There is no external threat to Paraguay's security, and the Paraguayan military is struggling to define its modern mission.

Paraguay's counter terrorism program is formally managed by the Police Special Operations Force, a branch of the Paraguayan National Police, a highly motivated unit that is able to tap into other police units for support. Counter Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funds will allow this unit to train more effectively and improve its operational skills, despite a potential lack of resources. CTFP funds have already allowed Paraguayans to attend courses designed to assist them to better understand the dynamics of international terrorism, and the importance and application of intelligence in combating terrorism. These courses will move Peru's elite counter terrorism unit toward a greater ability to counter the international threat of terrorism.

Participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and IMET-funded U.S. training in civil-military affairs, democratic sustainment and the rule of law and discipline in military operations will help instill civilian control of the military and support the principles of human rights. Training of NCOs, field-grade and flag officers assists in professionalizing Paraguay's military, while training in logistics, maintenance and aircraft repairs help to maintain the technical proficiencies of Paraguay's armed forces and help Paraguay's counternarcotic efforts. The Paraguayan military is beginning to organize PKO efforts and are preparing for a joint Paraguay/Argentina peacekeeping mission to Cyprus.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Paraguay at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Paraguay.

As of the publication date of this report, Paraguay, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Peru

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

CTFP

55

$209,810

10

$200,000

FMS

1

$15,080

1

$15,080

IMET

190

$876,791

132

$841,517

INL

71

$506,543

48

$364,555

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

30

$0

0

$0

Non-SA, Combatant Command

34

$13,600

0

$0

Regional Centers

30

$139,818

31

$157,995

Section 1004

262

$4,128,110

120

$2,262,530

Section 506

4

$0

0

$0

Service Academies

3

$154,365

0

$0

TOTAL

680

$6,044,117

342

$3,841,677


Peru is one of the largest countries in South America and has a strong bilateral relationship with the United States. The U.S. seeks to strengthen democratic institutions in Peru and to strengthen the Government of Peru's (GOP) ability to interdict and disrupt narcotics production and distribution. The U.S. has enjoyed excellent cooperation from the GOP in counternarcotic activities.

Training in human rights and the rule of law, and discipline in military operations helps reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and reinforces support for the principles of human rights. Training in counternarcotic operations, professional military education, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance provide training needed to professionalize and modernize Peru's military and enhance its capabilities in air operations, search and rescue and demining operations. This training is particularly important to the demining efforts along Peru's border with Ecuador in support of the 1998 peace settlement. Finally, significant training efforts in the area of counterdrug operations are underway. These activities include training to improve helicopter and other aircraft capabilities, as well as participation in training exercises with U.S. forces to improve interoperability. The Peruvian military continues to conduct operations against the Shining Path terrorist group. Professionalization of the Peruvian military will help to make these operations more efficient while training the military to avoid the excesses of counterinsurgency efforts of past decades as recently reported by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Acting on the Commission's recommendations, which include reforming the military as an institution, will be important for Peruvian society to develop continuing counternarcotics and counterterrorist operations while respecting the rule of law and human rights.

Peru's counter terrorism program is formally managed by the Emergency Tactical Actions Group, a branch of the Peruvian National Police. Counter Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funds will allow this unit to train more effectively and improve its skills in planning initiatives against complex targets and local threats imposed by terrorist organizations in Peru. CTFP funds have already allowed Peruvians to attend courses designed to help them better understand international counter terrorism defense and the dynamics of international terrorism. These funds have also allowed for participation in counter terrorism military education team training, as well as courses in intelligence in combating terrorism--all geared to improving Peru's ability to counter the international threat of terrorism.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Peru at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Peru.

As of the publication date of this report, Peru, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

St. Kitts And Nevis

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

10

$94,135

14

$129,744

Regional Centers

0

$0

0

$7,500

TOTAL

10

$94,135

14

$137,244


St. Kitts and Nevis is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of St. Kitts and Nevis to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded training assists St. Kitts and Nevis in the development of a more professional and efficient security force, which will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Participation in training exercises with U.S. forces augments counterdrug capabilities and enhances interoperability.

As of the publication date of this report, St Kitts and Nevis is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

St. Lucia

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

13

$114,729

13

$111,075

Non-SA, Combatant Command

0

$0

30

$0

TOTAL

13

$114,729

43

$111,075


St. Lucia is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of St. Lucia to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded training assists in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training exercises with U.S. forces improve counterdrug capabilities and enhance interoperability.

As of the publication date of this report, St Lucia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

St. Vincent And Grenadines

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

12

$104,095

42

$131,853

TOTAL

12

$104,095

42

$131,853


St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded training assists St. Vincent and the Grenadines in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training exercises with U.S. forces improve counterdrug capabilities and interoperability.

As of the publication date of this report, St Vincent and the Grenadines, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Suriname

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

IMET

15

$144,426

14

$168,033

Regional Centers

2

$14,654

0

$0

Section 1004

122

$13,043

0

$0

TOTAL

139

$172,123

14

$168,033


The U.S. military security assistance objectives in Suriname are achieved through IMET, the Humanitarian Assistance Program and USSOUTHCOM's Traditional Activities program which assist the Surinamese Armed Forces (Nationale Leger) in becoming a more professional, apolitical service, providing external and internal security for the country, under democratic civilian-control. The U.S. military will continue to assist the Surinamese Armed Forces with the development of counter-drug and counter-terrorism capabilities. Particular emphasis will be devoted to encouraging the armed forces to better utilize their growing IMET budget, to commit national funds to future FMS purchases and to setting up an effective Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Suriname at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Suriname.

As of the publication date of this report, Suriname is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act from receiving military assistance.

Trinidad - Tobago

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

FMF

1

$25,310

0

$0

IMET

10

$179,932

12

$211,824

INL

72

$1,380

4

$88,008

Non-SA, Combatant Command

9

$6,424

0

$0

Regional Centers

4

$29,308

4

$30,000

Section 1004

90

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

186

$242,354

20

$329,832


Trinidad and Tobago is a democratic nation that enjoys strong bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. U.S. training at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies helps reinforce civilian control of the military and the principles of human rights. Officer training assists in professionalizing the military, while training in medicine, electronics and defense resource management help maintain the technical proficiencies of the armed forces of Trinidad and Tobago. Training in communication and maritime operations helps strengthen Trinidad and Tobago's counternarcotic efforts.

Trinidad and Tobago continues to support its interagency coordination center that gathers narcotics related information from multiple sources and disseminates it to military and enforcement agencies involved in drug interdiction operations. U.S. government training and support have enabled Trinidad and Tobago to improve its ability to interdict illegal drug shipments, strengthen anti-drug trafficking laws and participate in bilateral maritime exercises.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed participation from Trinidad-Tobago at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Trinidad-Tobago.

As of the publication date of this report, Trinidad and Tobago, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Uruguay

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

FMF

6

$22,292

0

$0

FMS

1

$1,500

0

$0

IMET

211

$500,325

136

$615,306

Non-SA, Combatant Command

3

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

5

$36,635

8

$45,110

TOTAL

226

$560,752

144

$660,416


Though often overlooked due to its small size, Uruguay is a model of stability and democracy in Latin America. The U.S. maintains strong bilateral relations with the Government of Uruguay, especially under current President Jorge Batlle who has publicly pushed for closer economic and political cooperation. The military is unequivocally subordinate to the control of the civilian political leadership. Uruguay's relations with neighbors Brazil and Argentina are excellent. The armed forces conduct a robust program of confidence and security building exercises and professional exchanges with the Brazilian and Argentine militaries that make the Southern Cone one of the least conflictive regions of the world. Among Latin American nations, the Uruguayan armed forces has been the largest per capita contributor of personnel for international peacekeeping missions, having deployed over 10,000 troops over the past decade. As of January 2004, Uruguay will have 1,679 soldiers deployed on 11 peacekeeping missions. The Uruguayan government also is a consistent contributor of humanitarian assistance to other Latin American countries during natural disasters. The Uruguayan Air Force has flown water purification equipment, medicine and other emergency supplies to Colombia, Venezuela and Central America over the past four years. The armed forces also provide all logistical and operational support for the Uruguayan scientific research base in Antarctica that is performing valuable research on depletion of the ozone layer.

Civilians and military officers attending the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) and participating in IMET-funded training help improve civil-military relations, rationalize the defense policy planning process thus making the process increasingly transparent, build civilian expertise in defense matters and inculcate the principals of human rights in future leaders. Mid- to senior-grade officers attending professional development courses will facilitate the modernization and professionalization of the armed forces. Technical, resource management and logistics training will help Uruguay maintain and manage its defense resources, improving their ability to operate with U.S. and international forces in peacekeeping operations, disaster relief missions and other joint operations.

As of the publication date of this report, Uruguay, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Venezuela

  

FY 2003

FY 2004

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students

Dollar
Value

FMS

110

$770,644

6

$14,995

IMET

90

$714,537

167

$706,298

PME Exchanges

1

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

25

$74,095

22

$68,215

Section 1004

30

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

256

$1,559,276

195

$789,508

Venezuela stands at a dramatic juncture in its 44-year democratic history. Increasing political confrontation has polarized Venezuelan society and heightened the possibility for a major political crisis. The military's long-term institutional commitment to constitutional government and democracy is vital to the maintenance of democratic and constitutional order in Venezuela. Counternarcotics and counter-terrorism cooperation are important Venezuelan military missions and areas of significant cooperation with the United States. The Venezuelan military's important role supporting democracy, as well as cooperating in counternarcotic efforts and potentially in counter-terrorism efforts, argues for expansion of our military engagement with the Government of Venezuela (GOV).

Participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) and programs funded by IMET in civil-military affairs training help instill civilian control of the military and promote the principles of human rights. Training of NCOs and junior and field-grade officers assists in professionalizing the Venezuelan military. Schooling in logistics, equipment maintenance and repairs helps maintain the technical proficiencies of Venezuela's armed forces. Extensive training in counternarcotic operations is conducted with the Venezuelan military, including joint training exercises with U.S. forces and training in maritime interdiction operations.

As of the publication date of this report, Venezuela, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.




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