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U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

III. State Foreign Policy Objectives--East Asia and Pacific Region


Foreign Military Training: Joint Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2004 and 2005
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
April 2005
Report
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Brunei

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

FMS

1

$10,500

3

$80,506

Regional Centers

0

$0

2

$1,957

TOTAL

1

$10,500

5

$82,463

The Royal Bruneian Armed Forces (RBAF) consist of infantry, navy and air combat units. A British armed forces Ghurka battalion permanently stationed in Brunei near the center of the country's oil industry provides oil facilities security. Because of the country's small size, Bruneians regard a continued U.S. presence in the region as critical to their long-term security and prosperity. Since the signing of a November 1994 Memorandum of Understanding on Defense Cooperation, the RBAF have engaged in joint exercises, training programs and other military exchanges with the United States, including revival of Special Forces training in 2004 after a ten-year hiatus. RBAF personnel have participated in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses and benefited from FMS training. Their continued participation in the Center's courses and FMS training will enable the USG to help Brunei train future leaders for its armed forces. In addition, they will increase Bruneian awareness and understanding of U.S. policies and facilitate lasting relationships between Bruneian military leaders and their counterparts from the U.S. and the Asia-Pacific region.

During the Sultan of Brunei's visit to the United States in December 2002, we agreed on a number of initiatives to enhance military cooperation. These include raising the level of the bilateral security dialogue and the resumption of the Joint Working Committee on Defense meetings. The Bruneian government is also identifying a candidate for the West Point class of 2009, with the cost of training underwritten by the GOB.

As of the publication date of this report, Brunei is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Cambodia

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

CTFP

3

$21,285

3

$56,796

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

75

$82,315

0

$0

Regional Centers

4

$48,051

6

$68,045

Section 1004

0

$0

120

$323,000

TOTAL

82

$151,651

129

$447,841

U.S. military assistance to the Cambodian military ceased in 1997 because of factional fighting. Since then, the U.S. has only invited a select few Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) representatives to attend multilateral meetings on humanitarian issues. Otherwise, support and mil-to-mil interaction have been minimal. Resumption of military assistance to Cambodia has been largely limited to discreet areas such as attendance at selective academic-based or humanitarian conferences. However, following a review of U.S.-Cambodian military relations in 2004, U.S. engagement will expand modestly in the areas of counterterrorism (CT) and counter-narcotics (CN). Additionally, the U.S. will sponsor the attendance of an increased number of Cambodian military members at multilateral events, seminars, workshops and counterpart conferences.

In its Congressional Budget Justification for FY 2005, the State Department has proposed the use of IMET funds for human rights and rule of law training to help professionalize the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. Funds might also be used to provide training to officers that would help them contribute to regional stability and play an effective role in transnational issues (narcotics, human trafficking and protection of land and natural resources). Expanded IMET (E-IMET) training in English Language, civil-military relations, military justice and human rights would assist in the professionalization of the RCAF.

As of the publication date of this report, Cambodia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

China

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

1

$7,753

10

$33,890

Regional Centers

1

$0

4

$72,298

TOTAL

2

$7,753

14

$106,188

The United States seeks a candid, constructive, and cooperative relationship with China (PRC), which contributes to peace in Asia and elsewhere. We share common interests in a number of areas, such as the maintenance of stability in Asia - permitting the continuation of that region's economic development - the maintenance of peace on the Korean Peninsula and in South Asia and stemming the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Dialogue with the PRC is key to ensuring a clear understanding of one another's regional security interests and concerns and to helping promote behavior by the PRC that is in line with the norms of the international community. During the October 2003 visit to Washington by General Cao Gangchuan, PRC Minister of National Defense, the President and Secretary Powell noted the importance of military-to-military ties as a component of the overall U.S.-China bilateral relationship. Secretary Powell and General Cao agreed that military-to-military exchanges and cooperation are crucial to prevent misperceptions and to promote mutual understanding. Although we have differences with China, dialogue allows us to address areas where we agree and to make clear where we do not.

As one element of a defense and security dialogue, it is desired that during FY 2005, the PRC continues to participate in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses that are focused on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. PRC participation in these courses will include members of Chinese "think tanks" and will be consistent with the guidelines set forth in the Defense Authorization Act 2000 and OSD policy guidance.

As of the publication date of this report, China is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Cook Islands

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

3

$49,444

3

$37,842

TOTAL

3

$49,444

3

$37,842

The Cook Islands are a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand, which has responsibility for defense of the Cook Islands. The Cook Islands has a population of approximately 21,000 and a proportionately small police force. The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of the Cook Islands in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands. The Cook Islands recently contributed two police officers to the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands.

As of the publication date of this report, the Cook Islands is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

East Timor

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

4

$72,092

5

$193,663

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

2

$5,435

0

$0

Regional Centers

2

$17,164

0

$0

TOTAL

8

$94,691

5

$193,663

East Timor is in the process of standing up a modest East Timor Defense Force (ETDF) of 1,500 active duty and 1,500 reserve personnel to meet the country's security needs. Although East Timor's security will ultimately depend on good relations with neighboring countries, the new nation still needs an ETDF with basic equipment for defense, support, communication and transportation. The ETDF will also need training for its new officers and funds for a small International Military Education and Training (IMET) program have been included as well. The use of training funds and participating with institutions like the Asia-Pacific Center will support the U.S. objectives of East Timor's self-sufficiency, disaster management and humanitarian assistance relief, as well as of developing a professional, effective defense force.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to East Timor, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 Agreement with the United States.

Fiji

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

EIPC

1

$6,406

0

$0

IMET

10

$94,157

22

$378,781

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

1

$2,708

0

$0

Regional Centers

10

$118,938

6

$69,096

TOTAL

22

$222,209

28

$447,877

Since the coup and military mutiny of May 2000, Fiji's government has resolved political differences between its ethnic communities in a manner consistent with Fiji's constitution. In September 2003, military-to-military relations were normalized, allowing for full security assistance to resume. U.S. interests in Fiji include encouraging stable and democratic government, promoting economic prosperity by facilitating U.S. trade and investment and supporting efforts to open markets and promote broad-based growth. The U.S. and Fiji work together in regional organizations such as the Pacific Islands Forum and the Pacific Community. In December 2003 Fiji signed an Article 98 Agreement with the United States.

Fiji has contributed troops to multilateral peacekeeping missions over the years in Lebanon, Zimbabwe/Rhodesia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sinai, Kuwait, Somalia, Rwanda, Bougainville and East Timor. In 2003, Fiji contributed military and police forces to the Australian-led effort to restore peace and stability in the Solomon Islands. In 2004 Fijian troops were deployed to Iraq to provide security for the United Nations.

After years of absence from the International Military Education and Training program, there is an extensive gap in U.S. trained Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF) officers. While some senior officers previously had the opportunity to participate in the program, mid and junior grade officers and Non-Commissioned Officers have only recently become eligible, and they are presently the primary targets of IMET. Professional Military Education programs that highlight the role of the military in a democracy and human rights issues are the priority; a secondary focus is to train a cadre of maintenance personnel and establish an equipment maintenance program to better maintain equipment gained from a more robust FMF program. Both IMET and FMF funds enhance regional stability by furthering the professional education of key military leaders and developing military contacts, and by replacing obsolete equipment and provide training opportunities for equipment maintenance.

U.S. assistance in the form of IMET, FMF, and other programs such as bilateral exercises combine to increase the professionalism of the RFMF and to deter non-traditional security threats. Because of its economic status as a developing nation, Fiji lacks the financial basis to develop a credible, modern interoperable military force and most of its military equipment is old and outdated. China recently has provided Fiji with extensive aid including military programs. Fiji is eligible to receive Excess Defense Articles (EDA) in FY 2005 under Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act. EDA will also support Fiji's ability to contribute to regional peacekeeping endeavors.

The United States welcomes the continued participation of Fiji in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Fiji, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 Agreement with the United States.

Indonesia

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

CTFP

124

$1,952,783

63

$972,966

IMET

24

$500,863

39

$873,541

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

4

$5,435

0

$0

Regional Centers

24

$281,693

16

$193,746

TOTAL

176

$2,740,774

118

$2,040,253

As the world's fourth most populous nation, and the country with the highest number of Muslim adherents, Indonesia has considerable influence in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is undergoing a historic transition to democracy while attempting to foster economic recovery and reform. Indonesia's future political and economic path will have profound implications for U.S. strategic interests in the region such as combating terrorism, preserving regional stability in Southeast Asia, strengthening democracy and respect for human rights, and expanding access for U.S. exports and investment. Our IMET program and other engagement activities are designed to enhance military professionalism and provide opportunities for Indonesian military and civilian personnel to attend courses in, and have other exposure to our norms of civil-military relations, defense budget formulation, military reform and respect for internationally recognized human rights.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist Indonesia in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. Through this cross-fertilization Indonesia is building a more comprehensive approach to addressing its particular concerns in combating terrorism; other countries in the region are gaining an understanding of the challenges, successes and failures of CT efforts in Indonesia; and the U.S. is building Indonesia's long-term CT capacity.

The United States welcomes the continued participation of Indonesia in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

As of the publication date of this report, Indonesia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Kiribati

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

5

$66,428

3

$40,510

TOTAL

5

$66,428

3

$40,510

As a means of strengthening defense ties with Kiribati, the United States welcomes its continued participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Kiribati.

As of the publication date of this report, Kiribati is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Korea, Republic of

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

CTFP
1
$6,995
1
$8,100
FMS
357
$17,224,430
393
$20,544,657
Misc. DOD/DOS NonSA
62
$2,306
0
$0
PME Exchanges
4
$75,637
4
$88,932

Regional Centers

12
$15,410
7
$9,785
Service Academies
8
$254,535
6
$150,255

TOTAL

444

$17,579,313

411

$20,801,729

 
Since the Korean War, the Republic of Korea (ROK) has proven a strategically important and reliable defense treaty ally. While efforts to reduce tensions on the Korean Peninsula are underway, the U.S. and the ROK continue to maintain and strengthen the three major elements of our security alliance: the 1953 Mutual Defense Treaty, strong bilateral ties and combined military forces. U.S. and ROK forces unified under the Combined Forces Command continue to enhance their capabilities to deter and, if necessary, defeat aggression. To sharpen readiness, the Command is continually refining its vigorous program of training and exercises.

A key objective of U.S. training is maintaining the strong sense of shared values and purposes that underlies the U.S.-ROK alliance. Toward that end, the U.S. and the ROK signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for Professional Military Education (PME). The PME Reciprocal Exchange Program is comprised of an annual exchange with the USA Command and General Staff College (CGSC) and USMC Command and Staff College and a bi-annual exchange with the USAF Air Command and Staff College (ACSC). In addition to these programs, the ROKAF receives an additional annual slot at the AFSC. The ROK services receive one National Defense University slot each year and the ROKA and the ROKAF each receive an annual War College slot. The ROKN receives one Naval Command College and one Naval Staff College slot per year.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by ROK in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the ROK.

By its own terms, � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to the Republic of Korea.

Laos

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

2

$32,467

2

$33,279

TOTAL

2

$32,467

2

$33,279

U.S. military personnel have provided training to Lao civilians for humanitarian demining. Since the beginning of operations in FY 1994, over 815 Lao personnel have been trained as demining technicians, medics, community (mine) awareness experts, team leaders and instructors. In FY 1999, over 250 Lao participants were trained in an effort to enable Laos to develop a self-sustaining training capacity. Since 1999, U.S. State Department NADR demining funds in Laos have been used to procure equipment through PM/WRA Integrated Mine Action Services (IMAS) Contract and directly support clearance operations through Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the UNDP trust fund. The USG continues to support Laos program changes as part of the revised Lao National Strategic Demining Plan - National Strategic Plan for the UXO Programme in the Lao's People's Democratic Republic 2003-2013 - "The Safe Path Forward."

Lao inclusion in military programs outside POW-MIA operations is decided on a case-by-case basis. Programs supporting our POW-MIA accounting and recovery missions will be given the highest priority. Since FY 2001, we have offered the GOL an IMET program to teach English in Laos to a small group of Lao military. The Lao have not accepted the offer. Representatives of the Lao government, however, did attend the executive course at the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies in FY 2004 and will be invited to continue their participation in FY 2005.

The Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. They increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Laos.

As of the publication date of this report, Laos is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Malaysia

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

CTFP

128

$643,719

25

$195,492

EIPC

2

$22,516

0

$0

FMS

57

$140,867

12

$73,527

IMET

90

$946,819

49

$964,398

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

3

$2,926

0

$0

Regional Centers

30

$383,504

18

$227,148

Section 1004

89

$307,700

60

$230,000

TOTAL

399

$2,448,051

164

$1,690,565

The United States has important security interests in Malaysia, a key member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the current chair of the Organization of the Islamic Conference. A supporter of our forward-deployed presence in Asia and of our War on Terrorism since the September 11 attacks, Malaysia borders one of the world's most important maritime waterways. The U.S. military benefits from transit rights over Malaysian territory and access to Malaysian ports and airfields.

IMET contributes significantly to the strengthening of our military-to-military ties, and familiarizes the Malaysian military with U.S. doctrine, equipment and management techniques. IMET training also reinforces the Malaysian military's commitment to human rights and good civil-military relations, and helps expand our access to, and cooperation with, Malaysian military leaders. Malaysia is active in multinational peacekeeping operations, which necessitate training that promotes interoperability. It is also engaged in training that will improve the military's ability to combat narcotics trafficking and money laundering operations.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist Malaysia in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum and through this cross-fertilization process; it builds a more comprehensive approach to addressing regional concerns in combating terrorism.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Malaysia in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Malaysia.

As of the publication date of this report, Malaysia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Marshall Islands

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

5

$60,615

3

$36,030

TOTAL

5

$60,615

3

$36,030

As a means of strengthening ties with the Marshall Islands, the United States welcomes its continued participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from the Marshall Islands.

The Marshall Islands is a State Party to the Rome Statute and is a party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States. However, because the Marshall Islands does not otherwise receive military assistance from the United States, the prohibition in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) has not been waived.

Micronesia

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

10

$123,667

6

$74,555

TOTAL

10

$123,667

6

$74,555

As a means of strengthening ties with Micronesia, the United States welcomes its continued participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Micronesia.

As of the publication date of this report, Micronesia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Mongolia

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

EIPC

11

$91,298

0

$0

FMF

25

$91,048

0

$0

IMET

171

$947,754

40

$847,325

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

1

$2,576

0

$0

Regional Centers

54

$346,002

37

$258,552

TOTAL

262

$1,478,678

77

$1,105,877

Continued support of Mongolia's transformation into a secure, democratic and stable country greatly serves the U.S. national interest. This support facilitates Mongolia's contribution to the security and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region, its participation in international peacekeeping and support for Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom, as well as its participation in the Global War on Terrorism. For a modest investment Mongolia has become a reliable Coalition Partner.

In FY 2002, Mongolia began participating in international peacekeeping operations with the deployment of military observers to the UN Mission in the Congo. With an Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC)-trained cadre and EIPC-provided training equipment, the Mongolian General Staff established a Department of Peacekeeping Operations that developed and trained a Mongolian peacekeeping battalion for participation in, and for the hosting of, multinational training events. Building on this experience, in FY 2003 Mongolia sent the first rotation of peacekeeping troops to Al-Hillah, Iraq to serve under the Polish Multinational Force. In FY 2004, Mongolia sent three rotations of artillery and one rotation of mortar mobile training teams to Afghanistan to train the Afghan National Army (ANA) in the use and repair of artillery and mortar equipment. The Mongolians have developed significant expertise in the care and maintenance of their own Soviet-origin equipment, which they are now passing on to the ANA. In addition, Mongolia hosted several multi-national training events, such as the P5 Training Exercise in July 2004 that included the UK, the U.S., France and China, and co-hosted a Peacekeeping Logistics Seminar with the Center of Excellence in September 2004.

IMET training for Mongolia in FY 2004 promoted civilian control of the military, military justice and law and respect for international human rights standards. In FY 2004, IMET-funded language and professional military training not only strengthened U.S.-Mongolian military ties but also built a cadre of pro-U.S. reformers in the most critical leadership positions in the armed forces. The commander of the first rotation to OIF was an Army CGS graduate. Upon his successful return from Iraq, he was selected for, and is now studying at the Army War College. The commanders of the 2nd and 3rd rotations are also IMET graduates. IMET funded coursework included training in infantry, engineer, civil affairs, military medicine, intelligence, defense and resource management, ranger, civil military relations and senior service education. FY 2005 IMET programs will continue this highly successful program, which was largely responsible for the English language skills of the officers and NCOs in Iraq, and build on the knowledge and experiences of previous students.

In FY 2004, non-security assistance programs continued at the Mongolian Armed Forces Training Center, including training for Special Forces, peacekeeping, medical and civil affairs units. This training should be enhanced in FY 2005 with a greater involvement of U.S. forces from the Pacific Command. In FY 2005 we anticipate PACAF will provide air support as both MARFORPAC and USARPAC participate in our annual Khaan Quest exercise. The State Partnership Program between Mongolia and Alaska also kicked off in FY 2004. Reciprocal Distinguished Visitor visits and an Alaska Guard sponsored Combat Life Saver Class in Mongolia have already occurred under the auspices of this outstanding Civil Military program.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Mongolia in both the Asia-Pacific Center and the Marshall Center's regular and executive courses that focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. These executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Mongolia.

The President has waived the prohibition, in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) of the provision of military assistance to Mongolia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is a party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States. 

Nauru

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

2

$17,787

1

$17,023

TOTAL

2

$17,787

1

$17,023

The United States welcomes the continued participation of Nauru in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands. These courses are an excellent complement to the efforts other nations in the region are making to help Nauru achieve political and economic security.

Nauru is a State Party to the Rome Statute and is a party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States. However, because Nauru does not otherwise receive military assistance from the United States, the prohibition in � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) has not been waived.

Niue

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

2

$17,969

1

$17,023

TOTAL

2

$17,969

1

$17,023

Niue is a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand, which has responsibility for Niue's defense. Niue has a population of approximately 2000 and a police force last reported numbering seventeen officers. The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Niue in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

As of the publication date of this report, Niue is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Palau

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

2

$29,121

2

$33,686

TOTAL

2

$29,121

2

$33,686

The United States welcomes continued participation by Palau in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence.

As of the publication date of this report, Palau is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Papua New Guinea

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

58

$274,776

16

$208,842

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

2

$2,708

0

$0

Regional Centers

12

$153,221

9

$123,151

TOTAL

72

$430,705

25

$331,993

U.S. national interests in Papua New Guinea (PNG) derive from our overarching interest in regional stability and from PNG's status as home to one of the world's greatest remaining tropical rain forests and biodiversity reservoirs. PNG is the largest and most populous island nation in the South Pacific and neighbor to the troubled Indonesian province of Irian Jaya. U.S. interests include strengthening democratic institutions, assisting with development of disaster relief capabilities, supporting peaceful transition from civil strife to rule of law in Bougainville, supporting the nation's pursuit of a free enterprise tradition and fostering stewardship of diverse natural resources. The benefits of a stable, lawful and prosperous PNG include reduced prospects of human rights violations, environmental degradation and international organized crime.

FY 2004 IMET-funded activities continued to focus on professional military education (PME) for the PNG Defense Force (PNGDF), contributing to better discipline and increasing PNG's ability to engage in cooperative international military-related efforts, including peacekeeping. English language training contributes to the latter goal and offers increased ability and opportunities for fruitful interaction with the U.S. military. FY 2005 IMET will continue to focus on PME for the PNGDF.

Normalized military-to-military relations were resumed in November 2003, and U.S. Embassy Port Moresby was instructed to dampen any expectations that this means significantly increased U.S. activity, funding or military presence in PNG. Each proposed military-to-military activity for 2005 would be reviewed on its merits by the appropriate U.S. government departments.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Papua New Guinea in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Papua New Guinea.

As of the publication date of this report, Papua New Guinea is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Philippines

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

ALP

1

$3,997

2

$880

Credit

6

$66,811

0

$0

CTFP

102

$1,221,961

12

$123,262

EIPC

2

$31,352

0

$0

FMF

15

$118,783

4

$17,543

FMS

82

$941,045

4

$336,924

IMET

170

$2,682,295

183

$3,107,585

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

2

$2,708

0

$0

Regional Centers

26

$334,250

16

$205,024

Section 1004

220

$523,174

220

$835,000

Service Academies

5

$254,535

4

$202,395

TOTAL

631

$6,180,911

445

$4,828,613

The Government of the Philippines is a key player in the War on Terrorism and has mostly supported USG policy in this area. Various terrorist groups including the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) are based in the Philippines and have targeted Philippine facilities, killing both Philippine and U.S. citizens. In October 2002, the United States Government designated the Jemaah Islamiya (JI) organization a Foreign Terrorist Organization. JI is an extremist group with cells operating throughout Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. JI members recently arrested in the region have revealed links with al-Qaeda, other regional terrorist groups and previous terrorist attacks in the region. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which is active in the southern islands, is believed to have some ties to ASG and JI, but is currently observing a cease-fire during informal meetings with the Philippine Government, with more formal negotiations expected in the near future, following the Philippine Government's meeting of the last MILF preconditions.

Building on already longstanding bilateral counterterrorism cooperation and stemming from commitments made during Philippine President Arroyo's visits to the U.S. and President Bush's October 2003 visit to Manila, the U.S. and the Philippines have embarked on a comprehensive military-to-military program to enhance the Armed Forces of the Philippines' (AFP) capability to combat terrorism. As U.S. military cooperation under this counterterrorism program grows, IMET funds have become an even more important part of our effort to maintain and enhance the professionalization of the AFP.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist the Philippines in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. Through this cross-fertilization, the Philippines is building a more comprehensive approach to addressing its particular concerns in combating terrorism; other countries in the region are gaining an understanding of the challenges, successes and failures of CT efforts in the Philippines; and the United States is building the Philippines' long-term CT capacity.

In addition to our counterterrorism cooperation with the Philippines, the United States has important security, commercial and political interests in the Philippines, a treaty ally that straddles important air and sea-lanes. As a nation-state committed to democratic political principles and confident in its exercise of regional leadership, a stable Philippines is an important force for stability in Southeast Asia. The Philippines is committed to close relations with the U.S. in support of regional peace and security in Southeast Asia. It seeks to promote regional economic and political cooperation through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Regional Forum and APEC.

IMET funds have contributed to overall regional stability and focuses on positively influencing the Philippine military's professionalism and discipline. IMET training also helped further strengthen civilian control over the military, contributing to a decline in the number of reported incidents of human rights abuses. The steady advancement of IMET graduates helps ensure the continued understanding and cooperation of the Government of the Philippines on U.S. views toward regional issues. IMET graduates who populate the top ranks of the AFP contribute to building the close professional military-to-military relations that exist between the U.S. military and the AFP. With the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) in force, the U.S. military is actively engaged in ship visits and joint training exercises with the AFP.

These cooperative bilateral military activities constitute important steps toward normalizing our military-to-military ties and increasing inter-operability and standardization with the AFP. It also enables the AFP to defend the national borders against external aggression, counter Communist and Muslim separatist insurgencies, participate in regional peacekeeping operations and combat terrorism. In support of these goals, and in keeping with our treaty ally relationship, Philippine officers have participated in a range of operational, officer training and leadership courses. These include courses related to military medicine, aviation, aircraft maintenance, amphibious training, field artillery, maritime and coast guard training, psychological operations, ranger operations, signals, supply, service and maintenance, and other similar courses.

Officer professionalization and leadership development are the aims of Command & Staff College and military law courses. Such training increases Philippine military exposure to the U.S. system of civil-military relations and respect for human rights. International staff officer and related courses are aimed at increasing Philippine officers' ability to participate effectively with the U.S. in international peacekeeping and related operations. A Joint Defense Analysis (JDA) conducted by the U.S. and Philippine militaries of the AFP's status and capabilities was accepted in September 2003 by President Arroyo as the basis for a further expansion of military cooperation through the jointly-funded Philippine Defense Reform (PDR) program. The Department of Defense was making plans to implement the first stages of PDR as soon as the AFP's contribution had been deposited. As of September 2004, the AFP indicated it was awaiting finalization of an implementing LOA to make the $17 million deposit.

DoD has also funded Philippines' participation in training related to joint exercises and a military training team assessment of defense needs and requirements. These also increase interoperability and provide the Philippines with a realistic assessment of how to shape their defense strategy.

As another means of strengthening our defense cooperation with the Philippines, the U.S. welcomes continued Philippine participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the Philippines.

By its own terms, � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to the Philippines.

Samoa

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

0

$0

3

$45,777

Regional Centers

1

$16,174

3

$37,284

TOTAL

1

$16,174

6

$83,061

U.S. interests in Samoa grow out of our national security interest in regional stability. The U.S. strives to maintain close ties with Samoa, which is a consistent supporter of U.S. positions internationally. Samoa is also a close neighbor of the U.S. territory of American Samoa, with which it has long-standing family and cultural ties. Other interests include encouraging broad-based economic growth, supporting improved capacity to protect the island's environment and natural resources and educating the public on health issues.

The most important use of IMET has been to support the U.S. objective of helping Samoa develop an effective maritime law enforcement and surveillance capability. Training in basic coastal surveillance and seaborne law enforcement skills is carried out in accordance with U.S. leadership doctrines, emphasizing civilian control. DoD/Coast Guard resources contribute to broad-based economic growth in Samoa by assisting Samoa's maritime police patrol to strengthen enforcement of their exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and to improve safety in Samoa's fishing fleet. Regrettably, Samoa has been unwilling to conclude an Article 98 agreement with the U.S., leading to suspension of IMET assistance to Samoa during FY 2004 and potentially continuing its suspension in FY 2005.

Two-dozen Samoan police officers have helped to maintain order in East Timor since March 2000 as part of a UN peacekeeping force. Since them, Samoan police have participated in the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands, and in Sierra Leone. There is no doubt that the training funded under earlier IMET helped contribute to Samoa's readiness to take on a more active role in international peacekeeping.

Samoa participated in Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses have also allowed U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Samoa.

As of the publication date of this report, Samoa, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Singapore

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

CTFP

1

$7,142

3

$24,808

FMS

930

$44,176,870

573

$46,526,627

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

1

$1,817

0

$0

Regional Centers

2

$3,812

2

$1,957

Service Academies

11

$382,830

6

$200,340

TOTAL

945

$44,572,471

584

$46,753,732

Singapore's prosperous economy and extensive cooperation on a broad range of issues have made it an important U.S. security partner and an important force for stability and economic progress in Southeast Asia. The visit by President Bush in October 2003 elevated bilateral relations to a new high. The President and Prime Minister issued a joint statement on October 21 wherein they called for closer cooperation between the two countries, including the negotiation of a framework agreement to expand the scope of bilateral cooperation on defense and security. Prime Minister Goh visited Washington in May 2004 and met with President Bush to discuss the war on terrorism and regional issues. Singapore has supported efforts to bring stability and security to Iraq. The Singapore government has deployed a C-130 transport plane, two Landing Ship Tanks, and a KC-135 to provide logistics support for the multinational Iraq stabilization effort.

Singapore has been unfailing in its support for continued U.S. forward deployment in the region, including the provision of ready access to its military facilities following closure of U.S. bases in the Philippines. In March 2001, Singapore inaugurated a pier at its new Changi Naval Base, which was augmented at Singapore's expense to accommodate U.S. aircraft carriers. Singapore has provided staunch military support for the Global War on Terrorism since the September 11 attacks, including blanket over flight clearance and tanker fueling to form an air bridge in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Approximately 160 U.S. logistics personnel stationed in Singapore support regular combined air exercises and more than 100 U.S. ship visits in a typical year. Singapore turns to the U.S. for approximately 85 percent of its total imports of military equipment. Singapore is also a major FMS training customer, spending $155 million in FY 2004 at FMS Incremental rates, which also includes detachments in CONUS. It has 48 open FMS training cases supporting 1,000 students a year. Strengthening our defense ties with Singapore in FY 2003 and earlier has included FMS training, participation at U.S. Service Academies and improved interoperability through combined exercises with U.S. forces. The U.S. proposes further strengthening of our ties with Singapore in all these areas in FY 2005.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Singapore in the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-war fighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Singapore.

As of the publication date of this report, Singapore is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Service Members' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Solomon Islands

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

3

$44,506

32

$100,421

Regional Centers

1

$18,448

2

$23,037

TOTAL

4

$62,954

34

$123,458

U.S. national interests in the Solomon Islands emphasize strengthening the nation's capabilities to secure its maritime borders, encouraging its democratic institutions and preserving its biodiversity. Though the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has restored law and order to the country and is deemed by many to be a stunning success, our continued engagement in the Solomons is all the more important as it works with its Pacific Island neighbors to revitalize its security capabilities and rebuild systems of governance.

Continued IMET training will ensure meaningful U.S. participation in the international effort to bring the Solomon Islands back from the brink of complete collapse. It also increases the country's ability to maintain control of its own fishery resources. To these ends, IMET-funded courses have focused on maritime issues.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of the Solomon Islands in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

As of the publication date of this report, the Solomon Islands is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Taiwan

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

FMS

1077

$11,086,891

1406

$11,314,149

INL

1

$250,185

0

$0

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

36

$23,930

0

$0

Regional Centers

9

$17,183

10

$9,785

Service Academies

9

$306,675

5

$150,255

TOTAL

1132

$11,684,864

1421

$11,474,189

Consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, it has been long-standing U.S. policy to make available to Taiwan defense articles and services to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability. This policy also seeks to reinforce regional stability. Training of Taiwan armed forces personnel can play a major role in the enhancement of Taiwan's security.

Taiwan participated in FY 2004 executive courses at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu, Hawaii and it is desired that Taiwan continue to participate during FY 2005. These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence.

By its own terms, � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to Taiwan.

Thailand

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

ALP

3

$23,522

2

$880

CTFP

114

$456,060

12

$97,462

EIPC

3

$28,878

0

$0

FMF

10

$3,096,468

2

$3,180

FMS

18

$1,188,327

71

$6,425,331

IMET

151

$2,611,091

135

$2,922,592

INL

96

$99,000

0

$0

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

2

$2,576

0

$0

Regional Centers

25

$310,109

17

$209,268

Section 1004

874

$1,729,980

485

$1,696,000

Service Academies

4

$204,445

4

$208,560

TOTAL

1300

$9,750,456

728

$11,563,273

One of five treaty allies in Asia, Thailand hosts over 40 joint military exercises, provides crucial access to Thai facilities when needed, and has contributed troops to U.S.-led coalition operations. It has made critical contributions to the Global War on Terrorism, including allowing access to its airspace and bases for the Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, dispatching Thai military engineers to rebuild Bagram Airfield, and deploying 450 military engineers and medical personnel to Iraq. In December 2003, Thailand was designated a Major Non-NATO Ally.

Thailand is one of the top recipients of IMET funds each year. IMET graduates dominate the top levels of the Thai military, including the majority of top positions at the Defense Ministry, Supreme Command headquarters and all of the services. IMET assistance helps develop and maintain a professional Thai military that is capable of participating in international peacekeeping operations. Two U.S. educated and trained Thai Generals served as UNTAET force commanders in East Timor. Thailand also sent military observers and the observer force commander to the Indonesian province of Aceh in early 2003. Courses that contribute to these goals include training at command and general staff and service colleges, civil affairs, defense management, manpower management, information management, English language and instructor training, accounting, financial and personnel officer training. U.S. training also concentrates on developing operational interoperability and officer leadership in specific disciplines. These courses include tactics, airborne, aviation and aircraft maintenance, engineering, field artillery courses, medical courses, intelligence, ranger, munitions and Marine Corps courses.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) provides important training and education to assist Thailand in integrating its approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. CTFP resources are used to engage the Royal Thai Government at the highest levels (such as the Director of the National Security Council) as well as at the decision-maker and action officer level. Efforts are focused on niches perceived to be weak points, including interagency cooperation, information sharing, and institutional knowledge bases in specific areas related to countering terrorism. Every effort is made to ensure that CTFP resources are not duplicative with other USG programs and resources, and instead are synergistic, focusing on areas not otherwise addressable. As a result, CT cooperation with Thailand is consistently rated by USG officials as excellent and, with continued CTFP assistance, the RTG capacity to support greater cooperation with more skilled personnel with increased interagency coordination can be improved even more.

In addition, DoD has funded training to enhance Thailand's participation in our joint exercise program. Several Thai officers also attend U.S. service academies, which provide an invaluable means to foster long-standing ties with the Thai military and to provide in-depth exposure to the U.S. system of civil-military relations, military law and related issues.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Thailand in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Thailand.

As of the publication date of this report, Thailand is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Tonga

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

5

$82,523

10

$292,691

Regional Centers

4

$43,516

3

$37,972

TOTAL

9

$126,039

13

$330,663

The Kingdom of Tonga, a highly traditional society where the King and nobles dominate political life, interacts with the U.S. mainly in such Pacific organizations as the Pacific Community, the Forum Fisheries Agency and the South Pacific Regional Environment Program. U.S. interests in Tonga include encouraging democratic institutions and assisting in environmental protection efforts. IMET is an important vehicle for pursuing U.S. interests.

Tonga joined other regional nations (New Zealand, Australia, Vanuatu and Fiji) in 1999 in providing unarmed peace monitors once a truce was achieved in Papua New Guinea's Bougainville. Tonga sent troops to Solomon Islands as part of the Regional Assistance Mission (RAMSI). In June 2004, they sent a unit of 45 troops to Iraq for peacekeeping duties. IMET provides professional military education (PME) and training to Tonga's Defense Force with emphasis on respect for human rights, civilian control over the military and military justice. Courses on officer and NCO development, command and general staff officer training and defense management contribute to this goal. IMET also helps to support Tonga's ability to contribute to regional peacekeeping endeavors and contributes to Tonga's development of an effective maritime law and surveillance capability through training in peacekeeping operations and international maritime search operations. FY 2005 IMET will continue to focus on PME training for its defense forces.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Tonga in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Tonga.

As of the publication date of this report, Tonga is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Tuvalu

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

Regional Centers

4

$47,115

1

$17,548

TOTAL

4

$47,115

1

$17,548

As is true for many other Pacific countries, Tuvalu interacts with the U.S. mainly in such Pacific organizations as the Pacific Community, the Forum Fisheries Agency and the South Pacific Regional Environment Program. Environmental protection efforts are especially critical in Tuvalu, which is vulnerable to rising sea levels due to very low elevations throughout the country.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Tuvalu in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Tuvalu.

As of the publication date of this report, Tuvalu is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Vanuatu

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

32

$34,965

5

$59,371

Regional Centers

3

$35,342

3

$40,207

TOTAL

35

$70,307

8

$99,578

U.S. national interests in Vanuatu center on strengthening the nation's democratic institutions. Other interests include building Vanuatu's capacity to secure its maritime borders and encouraging programs that protect the island's environment and fragile natural resources.

The small Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF) must patrol a vast area of ocean. U.S. Coast Guard training supplements Australian and New Zealand programs and upgrades VMF capabilities. Continued IMET funding for leadership and maritime officer training also help improve force discipline and enhance its effectiveness in regional peacekeeping and disaster relief efforts.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Vanuatu in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Vanuatu.

As of the publication date of this report, Vanuatu is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Vietnam

   

FY 2004  

FY 2005  

Type of Activity

Number of
Students
Trained

Dollar
Value

Number of
Projected
Students 

Dollar
Value

IMET

0

$0

8

$73,386

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

7

$5,435

0

$0

Regional Centers

13

$158,502

9

$109,272

TOTAL

20

$163,937

17

$182,658

U.S. national security will be served by a stable, fully integrated Vietnam with increasing economic prosperity and trade relations with the United States. The United States seeks to enhance Vietnam's ability to be a constructive regional player by encouraging Hanoi's active participation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the ASEAN Regional Forum and in other strategic dialogues and cooperation. The United States can also improve trust through incremental expansion of military-to-military contacts, exchanges of senior military officials, and additional U.S. Navy ship visits. The Vietnamese military has been increasingly interested in attending conferences and confidence building meetings hosted by the Commander, Pacific Command.

The United States and Vietnam signed a bilateral Letter of Agreement on Counternarcotics Cooperation on December 11, 2003. The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) has identified Vietnamese counternarcotic requirements that could be addressed by USCG training courses. FY 2003 and 2004 IMET requests for Vietnam were reallocated into other country accounts due to the Vietnamese government's failure to conclude a FAA section 505 agreement on end-user assurances.

The Asia-Pacific Center will continue to invite representatives from Vietnam to reinforce our defense cooperation and foster links with other regional partners and neighbors. The executive courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Vietnam.

As of the publication date of this report, Vietnam is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.



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