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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

III. State Foreign Policy Objectives--East Asia and Pacific Region


Foreign Military Training: Joint Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
September 2006
Report
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Brunei

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

0

$0

1

$0

FMS

1

$11,620

0

$0

Regional Centers

0

$0

3

$0

Service Academies

1

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

2

$11,620

4

$0

The Royal Bruneian Armed Forces (RBAF) consist of infantry, navy and air combat units. A British armed forces Ghurka battalion permanently stationed in Brunei near the center of the country's oil industry provides oil facilities security. Because of the country's small size, Bruneians regard a continued U.S. presence in the region as critical to their long-term security and prosperity. Since the signing of a November 1994 Memorandum of Understanding on Defense Cooperation, the RBAF have engaged in joint exercises, training programs and other military exchanges with the United States, including revival of Special Forces training in 2004 after a ten-year hiatus. RBAF personnel have participated in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses and benefited from FMS training. Their continued participation in the Center's courses and FMS training will enable the USG to help Brunei train future leaders for its armed forces. In addition, they will increase Bruneian awareness and understanding of U.S. policies and facilitate lasting relationships between Bruneian military leaders and their counterparts from the U.S. and the Asia-Pacific region.

During the Sultan of Brunei's visit to the United States in December 2002, we agreed on a number of initiatives to enhance military cooperation. These include raising the level of the bilateral security dialogue and the resumption of the Joint Working Committee on Defense meetings. The Bruneian government has a cadet at West Point (class of 2009), with the cost of training underwritten by the GOB.

As of the publication date of this report, Brunei is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Cambodia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

22

$73,195

0

$60,000

Section 1004

140

$469,625

180

$572,380

TOTAL

162

$542,820

180

$632,380

U.S. military assistance to the Cambodian military ceased in 1997 because of factional fighting. Since then, the U.S. has only invited a select few Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) representatives to attend multilateral meetings on humanitarian issues and select academic-based or humanitarian conferences. Following a review of U.S.-Cambodian military relations in 2004, U.S. engagement was planned to expand modestly in the areas of counterterrorism (CT) and counter-narcotics (CN). In the future, the U.S. hopes to sponsor the attendance of an increased number of Cambodian military members at multilateral events, seminars, workshops and counterpart conferences. In FY 2005, DOD provided $100,000 in CT fellowship funding to Cambodia, and conducted a survey of Cambodian CT capabilities in order to identify ways to improve these capabilities. The State Department also provides funding in support of demining (NADR-HD) and weapons destruction programs that include training components.

In its Congressional Budget Justification for FY 2005, the State Department proposed the use of IMET funds for human rights and rule of law training to help professionalize the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. Funds might also be used to provide training to officers that would help them contribute to regional stability and play an effective role in transnational issues (narcotics, human trafficking and protection of land and natural resources). Expanded IMET (E-IMET) training in English language, civil-military relations, military justice and human rights would assist in the professionalization of the RCAF.

On June 29, 2005, an Article 98 agreement between Cambodia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, and the United States entered into force. On August 2, the President waived the prohibition of section 2007(a) of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) against provision of FMF to Cambodia. However, on September 21, 2005, the President determined that FY06 FMF and IMET to Cambodia will be prohibited under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.


East Timor

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

101

$262,293

9

$185,397

TOTAL

101

$262,293

9

$185,397

East Timor has established a modest defense force (FDTL) comprised of 1,500 active duty personnel. Although East Timor's security will ultimately depend in large measure on good relations with neighboring countries, the country requires armed forces with basic equipment for defense, support, communication, disaster management, humanitarian relief and transportation. As the military is less than five years old, the FDTL needs training for its new officers. International Military Education and Training and Enhanced International Military Education and Training funds will provide opportunities for civilian and FDTL attendance at E-IMET and IMET courses that discuss transparent, efficient and effective budgeting, logistics, acquisition and resource management processes. It will also provide opportunities for civilian and FDTL attendance at courses that emphasize the principles of a civilian led military, respect for human rights and the law of war. This training will help institutionalize these concepts in the Ministry of Defense and the military and assist the GoET in establishing effective and sustainable defense management systems.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to East Timor, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Fiji

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

EIPC

36

$157,722

0

$0

IMET

16

$205,432

18

$318,100

TOTAL

52

$363,154

18

$318,100

Since the coup and military mutiny of May 2000, Fiji's government has resolved political differences between its ethnic communities in a manner consistent with Fiji's constitution. In September 2003, military-to-military relations were normalized, allowing for full security assistance to resume. U.S. interests in Fiji include encouraging stable and democratic government, promoting economic prosperity by facilitating U.S. trade and investment, and supporting efforts to open markets and promote broad-based growth. The U.S. and Fiji work together in regional organizations such as the Pacific Islands Forum and the Pacific Community. In December 2003 Fiji signed an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Fiji has contributed troops to multilateral peacekeeping missions over the years in Lebanon, Zimbabwe/Rhodesia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sinai, Kuwait, Somalia, Rwanda, Bougainville and East Timor. In 2003, Fiji contributed military and police forces to the Australian-led effort to restore peace and stability in the Solomon Islands. In 2004, Fijian troops were deployed to Iraq to provide security for the United Nations.

After years of absence from the International Military Education and Training program, there is an extensive gap in U.S. trained Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF) officers. While some senior officers previously had the opportunity to participate in the program, mid and junior grade officers and Non-Commissioned Officers have only recently become eligible, and they are presently the primary targets of IMET. Professional Military Education programs that highlight the role of the military in a democracy and human rights issues are the priority; a secondary focus is to train a cadre of maintenance personnel and establish an equipment maintenance program to better maintain equipment gained from a more robust FMF program. Both IMET and FMF funds enhance regional stability by furthering the professional education of key military leaders and developing military contacts, and by replacing obsolete equipment and provide training opportunities for equipment maintenance.

U.S. assistance in the form of IMET, FMF, and other programs such as bilateral exercises combine to increase the professionalism of the RFMF and to deter non-traditional security threats. Because of its economic status as a developing nation, Fiji lacks the financial basis to develop a credible, modern interoperable military force and most of its military equipment is old and outdated. China recently has provided Fiji with extensive aid including military programs. Fiji was eligible to receive Excess Defense Articles (EDA) in FY 2005 under Section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act, but did not receive any. Fiji is also eligible to receive EDA in FY 2006 under the same provision. EDA will also support Fiji's ability to contribute to regional peacekeeping endeavors.

The United States welcomes the continued participation of Fiji in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Fiji, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Indonesia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

105

$1,071,468

24

$578,320

IMET

49

$791,994

62

$1,741,751

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

2

$5,230

0

$0

Section 1004

0

$0

120

$315,000

TOTAL

156

$1,868,692

206

$2,635,071

As the world's fourth most populous nation, and the country with the highest number of Muslim adherents, Indonesia has considerable influence in Southeast Asia. Indonesia is undergoing a historic transition to democracy while attempting to foster economic recovery and reform. Indonesia's future political and economic path will have profound implications for U.S. strategic interests in the region such as combating terrorism, preserving regional stability in Southeast Asia, strengthening democracy and respect for human rights, and expanding access for U.S. exports and investment. Our IMET program and other engagement activities are designed to enhance military professionalism and provide opportunities for Indonesian military and civilian personnel to attend courses in and have other exposure to our norms of civil-military relations, defense budget formulation, military reform and respect for internationally recognized human rights.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist Indonesia in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. Through this cross-fertilization Indonesia is building a more comprehensive approach to addressing its particular concerns in combating terrorism; other countries in the region are gaining an understanding of the challenges, successes and failures of CT efforts in Indonesia; and the U.S. is building Indonesia's long-term CT capacity.

The United States welcomes the continued participation of Indonesia in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

As of the publication date of this report, Indonesia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Korea, Republic of

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

483

$21,425,824

338

$3,872,024

PME Exchanges

9

$203,463

3

$41,757

Service Academies

7

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

499

$21,629,287

341

$3,913,781

Since the Korean War, the Republic of Korea (ROK) has proven a strategically important and reliable defense treaty ally. While efforts to reduce tensions on the Korean Peninsula are underway, the U.S. and the ROK continue to maintain and strengthen the three major elements of our security alliance: the 1953 Mutual Defense Treaty, strong bilateral ties and combined military forces. U.S. and ROK forces unified under the Combined Forces Command continue to enhance their capabilities to deter and, if necessary, defeat aggression. To sharpen readiness, the Command is continually refining its vigorous program of training and exercises.

A key objective of U.S. training is maintaining the strong sense of shared values and purposes that underlies the U.S.-ROK alliance. Toward that end, the U.S. and the ROK signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for Professional Military Education (PME). The PME Reciprocal Exchange Program is comprised of an annual exchange with the USA Command and General Staff College (CGSC) and USMC Command and Staff College and a bi-annual exchange with the USAF Air Command and Staff College (ACSC). In addition to these programs, the ROKAF receives an additional annual slot at the Joint Forces Staff College . The ROK services receive one National Defense University slot each year and the ROKA and the ROKAF each receive an annual U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force Senior Service College slot. The ROKN receives one Naval Command College and one Naval Staff College slot per year.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by ROK in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the ROK.

By its own terms,  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to the Republic of Korea.


Laos

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

0

$0

2

$70,880

TOTAL

0

$0

2

$70,880

U.S. military personnel have provided training to Lao civilians for humanitarian demining. Since the beginning of operations in FY 1994, over 815 Lao personnel have been trained as demining technicians, medics, community (mine) awareness experts, team leaders and instructors. In FY 1999, over 250 Lao participants were trained in an effort to enable Laos to develop a self-sustaining training capacity. Since 1999, U.S. State Department NADR demining funds in Laos have been used to procure equipment through PM/WRA Integrated Mine Action Services (IMAS) Contract and directly support clearance operations through Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the UNDP trust fund. The USG continues to support program changes as part of the revised Lao National Strategic Demining Plan - National Strategic Plan for the UXO Programme in the Lao's People's Democratic Republic 2003-2013 - "The Safe Path Forward."

Laos' inclusion in military programs outside POW-MIA operations is decided on a case-by-case basis. Programs supporting our POW-MIA accounting and recovery missions will be given the highest priority. Since FY 2001, we have offered the GOL an IMET program to teach English in Laos to a small group of Lao military. The Lao have not accepted the offer. In addition, the Lao have yet to sign a section 505 FAA agreement, which requires that the USG obtain end-use and retransfer assurances from foreign governments before furnishing them with defense articles, related training (including training materials), and defense services on a grant basis. Representatives of the Lao government, however, did attend the executive course at the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies in FY 2004 and were invited to continue their participation in FY 2005.

The Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. They increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Laos.

As of the publication date of this report, Laos is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Malaysia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

78

$515,559

14

$217,930

FMF

2

$15,508

0

$0

FMS

54

$149,231

40

$0

IMET

57

$1,066,475

67

$937,839

Regional Centers

0

$0

1

$0

Section 1004

86

$336,142

180

$643,000

TOTAL

277

$2,082,915

302

$1,798,769

The United States has important security interests in Malaysia, which is currently chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). A key counterterrorist partner, Malaysia borders and helps to safeguard one of the world's most important maritime waterways. During the Aceh tsunami crisis, the U.S. military benefited from transit rights over Malaysian territory and access to Malaysian airfields.

IMET contributes significantly to the strengthening of our military-to-military ties, and familiarizes the Malaysian military with U.S. doctrine, equipment and management techniques. IMET training also reinforces the Malaysian military's commitment to human rights and good civil-military relations, and helps expand our access to, and cooperation with, Malaysian military leaders. Malaysia participates actively in, and provides other nations training for, multinational peacekeeping operations, which necessitates U.S.-funded training that promotes interoperability. It is also engaged in training that will improve the military's ability to combat narcotics trafficking and money laundering operations.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist Malaysia in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism, with a focus on enhancing maritime security. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum and, through this cross-fertilization process, builds a more comprehensive approach to addressing regional concerns in combating terrorism.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Malaysia in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Malaysia.

As of the publication date of this report, Malaysia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  �2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Mongolia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMF

11

$120,800

0

$0

IMET

115

$763,320

35

$1,110,543

TOTAL

126

$884,120

35

$1,110,543

Continued support of Mongolia's transformation into a secure, democratic and stable country greatly serves the U.S. national interest. This support facilitates Mongolia's contribution to the security and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region, its participation in international peacekeeping and support for Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF), as well as its participation in the Global War on Terrorism. For a modest investment Mongolia has become a reliable Coalition Partner.

In FY 2002, Mongolia began participating in international peacekeeping operations with the deployment of military observers to the UN Mission in the Congo. With an Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC)-trained cadre and EIPC-provided training equipment, the Mongolian General Staff established a Department of Peacekeeping Operations that developed and trained a Mongolian peacekeeping battalion for participation in, and for the hosting of, multinational training events. Building on this experience, in FY 2003 Mongolia sent the first rotation of peacekeeping troops to Al-Hillah, Iraq to serve under the Polish Multinational Force. In FY 2004, Mongolia sent three rotations of artillery and one rotation of mortar mobile training teams to Afghanistan to train the Afghan National Army (ANA) in the use and repair of artillery and mortar equipment. The Mongolians have developed significant expertise in the care and maintenance of their own Soviet-origin equipment, which they are now passing on to the ANA. In addition, Mongolia hosted several multi-national training events, such as the P5 Training Exercise in July 2004 that included the UK, the U.S., France and China, and co-hosted a Peacekeeping Logistics Seminar with the Center of Excellence in September 2004. Mongolian peacekeepers are now on their sixth rotation in Iraq, their fifth rotation in Afghanistan, and are also participating in a UN Mission in Sierra Leone and a NATO mission in Kosovo.

IMET training for Mongolia in FY 2005 promoted civilian control of the military, military justice and law and respect for international human rights standards. In FY 2005, IMET-funded language and professional military training not only strengthened U.S.-Mongolian military ties but also continued to build a cadre of pro-U.S. reformers in the most critical leadership positions in the armed forces. The commander of the first rotation to OIF was an Army CGSC graduate. Upon his successful return from Iraq he was selected for and graduated from the Army War College. The commanders of the 2nd thru 6th rotations are also IMET graduates. An IMET graduate is today attending the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. IMET funded coursework included training in infantry, engineer, civil affairs, military medicine, intelligence, defense and resource management, ranger, civil military relations and senior service education. FY 2006 IMET programs will continue this highly successful program, which was largely responsible for the English language skills of the officers and NCOs in Iraq, and build on the knowledge and experiences of previous students.

In FY 2005, non-security assistance programs continued at the Mongolian Armed Forces Training Center, including training for, peacekeeping, medical and civil affairs units. This training should be enhanced in FY 2006 with a greater involvement of U.S. forces from the Pacific Command and the US sponsored GPOI Capstone event, Khaan Quest 06 in August. The State Partnership Program between Mongolia and Alaska also continued in 2005 with an Alaska Guard sponsored Combat Life Saver Class in Mongolia and a Medical Readiness exercise.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Mongolia in both the Asia-Pacific Center and the Marshall Center's regular and executive courses that focus on the peacetime aspects of security and international relations. These executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Mongolia.

The President has waived the prohibition in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) of the provision of military assistance to Mongolia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is a party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Papua New Guinea

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

62

$406,261

29

$434,127

TOTAL

62

$406,261

29

$434,127

U.S. national interests in Papua New Guinea (PNG) derive from our overarching interest in regional stability and from PNG's status as home to one of the world's greatest remaining tropical rain forests and biodiversity reservoirs. PNG is the largest and most populous island nation in the South Pacific and neighbor to the troubled Indonesian province of Irian Jaya. U.S. interests include strengthening democratic institutions, assisting with development of disaster relief capabilities, supporting peaceful transition from civil strife to rule of law in Bougainville, supporting the nation's pursuit of a free enterprise tradition and fostering stewardship of diverse natural resources. The benefits of a stable, lawful and prosperous PNG include reduced prospects of human rights violations, environmental degradation and international organized crime.

FY 2004 IMET-funded activities continued to focus on professional military education (PME) for the PNG Defense Force (PNGDF), contributing to better discipline and increasing PNG's ability to engage in cooperative international military-related efforts, including peacekeeping. English language training contributes to the latter goal and offers increased ability and opportunities for fruitful interaction with the U.S. military. FY 2005 IMET will continue to focus on PME for the PNGDF.

Normalized military-to-military relations were resumed in November 2003, and U.S. Embassy Port Moresby was instructed to dampen any expectations that this means significantly increased U.S. activity, funding or military presence in PNG. Each proposed military-to-military activity for 2005 would be reviewed on its merits by the appropriate U.S. government departments.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Papua New Guinea in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Papua New Guinea.

As of the publication date of this report, Papua New Guinea is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Philippines

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$26,289

0

$0

CTFP

29

$783,563

15

$237,746

FMF

37

$3,981,753

3

$1,775,123

FMS

161

$3,312,106

3

$1,410,067

IMET

238

$3,288,600

226

$3,423,065

Section 1004

220

$719,153

300

$808,000

Service Academies

8

$440,075

0

$0

TOTAL

694

$12,551,539

547

$7,654,001

The Government of the Philippines is a key player in the War on Terrorism . In her September 14, 2005 address to the UN Security Council, Philippine President Arroyo said the United States had helped the Philippines combat terrorism. Various terrorist groups including the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) and the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) are based in the Philippines and have targeted Philippine facilities, killing both Philippine and U.S. citizens. In October 2002, the United States Government designated the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) organization a Foreign Terrorist Organization. JI is an extremist group with cells operating throughout Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. JI members recently arrested in the region have revealed links with al-Qaeda, other regional terrorist groups and previous terrorist attacks in the region. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which is active in the southern islands, is believed to have some ties to ASG and JI, but is currently observing a cease-fire during peace negotiations with the Philippine Government.

Building on already longstanding bilateral counterterrorism cooperation and stemming from commitments made during President Arroyo's visits to the U.S. and President Bush's October 2003 visit to Manila, the U.S. and the Philippines have embarked on a comprehensive military-to-military program to enhance the Armed Forces of the Philippines' (AFP) capability to combat terrorism. As U.S. military cooperation under this counterterrorism program grows, IMET funds have become an even more important part of our effort to maintain and enhance the professionalization of the AFP.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) is providing important training and education to assist the Philippines in integrating its interagency approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. Through this cross-fertilization, the Philippines is building a more comprehensive approach to addressing its particular concerns in combating terrorism; other countries in the region are gaining an understanding of the challenges, successes and failures of CT efforts in the Philippines; and the United States is building the Philippines' long-term CT capacity.

In addition to our counterterrorism cooperation with the Philippines, the United States has important security, commercial and political interests in the Philippines, a treaty ally that straddles important air and sea-lanes. As a nation-state committed to democratic political principles and confident in its exercise of regional leadership, a stable Philippines is an important force for stability in Southeast Asia. The Philippines is committed to close relations with the U.S. in support of regional peace and security in Southeast Asia. It seeks to promote regional, economic, and political cooperation through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Regional Forum and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).

IMET funds have contributed to overall regional stability and focus on positively influencing the Philippine military's professionalism and discipline. IMET training also helped further strengthen civilian control over the military, contributing to a decline in the number of reported incidents of human rights abuses. The steady advancement of IMET graduates helps ensure the continued understanding and cooperation of the Government of the Philippines on U.S. views toward regional issues. IMET graduates who populate the top ranks of the AFP contribute to building the close professional military-to-military relations that exist between the U.S. military and the AFP. With the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) in force, the U.S. military is actively engaged in ship visits and joint training exercises with the AFP.

These cooperative bilateral military activities constitute important steps toward normalizing our military-to-military ties and increasing inter-operability and standardization with the AFP. It also enables the AFP to defend the national borders against external aggression, counter Communist and Muslim separatist insurgencies, participate in regional peacekeeping operations, and combat terrorism. In support of these goals, and in keeping with our treaty ally relationship, Philippine officers have participated in a range of operational, officer training and leadership courses. These include courses related to military medicine, aviation, aircraft maintenance, amphibious training, field artillery, maritime and coast guard training, psychological operations, ranger operations, signals, supply, service and maintenance, and other similar courses.

Officer professionalization and leadership development are the aims of Command & Staff College and military law courses. Such training increases Philippine military exposure to the U.S. system of civil-military relations and respect for human rights.International staff officer and related courses are aimed at increasing Philippine officers' ability to participate effectively with the U.S. in international peacekeeping and related operations. A Joint Defense Assessment (JDA) conducted by the U.S. and Philippine militaries of the AFP's status and capabilities was accepted in September 2003 by President Arroyo as the basis for a further expansion of military cooperation through the jointly-funded Philippine Defense Reform (PDR) program. The Department of National Defense in November 2004 deposited $17.45 million in a Foreign Military Sales account as its initial contribution to PDR. US subject matter experts are now on the ground advising Philippine counterparts on a wide range of issues from operations to strategic communications.

DoD has also funded Philippine participation in joint exercise training and a military training team assessment of defense needs and requirements. These also increase interoperability and provide the Philippines with a realistic assessment of how to shape their defense strategy.

As another means of strengthening our defense cooperation with the Philippines, the U.S. welcomes continued Philippine participation in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the Philippines.

By its own terms,  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to the Philippines.


Singapore

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

882

$46,056,387

318

$33,811,570

Regional Centers

0

$0

1

$0

Service Academies

7

$52,140

0

$0

TOTAL

889

$46,108,527

319

$33,811,570

Singapore's prosperous economy and extensive cooperation on a broad range of issues have made it an important U.S. security partner and an important force for stability and economic progress in Southeast Asia. In July 2005, President Bush and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong signed the "Strategic Framework Agreement" (SFA), which formalizes and enhances an already robust security relationship. The SFA serves as a statement of principles to guide our bilateral security relationship and reflects the convergence of strategic views between our two countries. The value of the familiarity, interoperability, and access afforded by our close military relationship was apparent during the rapid and successful mobilization of U.S. forces for the Indian Ocean tsunami relief operation in January 2005. Singapore has supported efforts to bring stability and security to Iraq. The Singapore government has deployed C-130 transport planes, Landing Ship Tanks, and KC-135s to provide logistics support for the multinational Iraq stabilization effort. Singapore deployed four CH-47 Chinook helicopters to support Hurricane Katrina rescue operations in the United States.

Singapore has been unfailing in its support for continued U.S. forward deployment in the region, including the provision of ready access to its military facilities following closure of U.S. bases in the Philippines. In 2001, Singapore inaugurated a pier at its new Changi Naval Base, which was augmented at Singapore's expense to accommodate U.S. aircraft carriers. Singapore has provided staunch military support for the Global War on Terrorism since the September 11 attacks, including blanket overflight clearance and tanker fueling to form an air bridge in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Approximately 160 U.S. logistics personnel stationed in Singapore support regular combined air exercises and more than 100 U.S. ship visits in a typical year. Singapore turns to the United States for approximately 85 percent of its total imports of military equipment. In September 2005, Singapore announced its selection of the F-15 Strike Eagle to be its Next Generation Fighter. Spending $155 million in FY 2005 at FMS Incremental rates, Singapore is a major FMS training customer and has training detachments in CONUS. It has 48 open FMS training cases supporting 1,000 students a year. Strengthening our defense ties with Singapore has included FMS training, participation at U.S. Service Academies and improved interoperability through combined exercises with U.S. forces. The U.S. proposes further strengthening of our ties with Singapore in all these areas in FY 2006.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Singapore in the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Singapore.

As of the publication date of this report, Singapore is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Solomon Islands

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

33

$151,124

5

$35,963

TOTAL

33

$151,124

5

$35,963

U.S. national interests in the Solomon Islands emphasize strengthening the nation's capabilities to secure its maritime borders, encouraging its democratic institutions and preserving its biodiversity. Though the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has restored law and order to the country and is deemed by many to be a stunning success, our continued engagement in the Solomons is all the more important as it works with its Pacific Island neighbors to revitalize its security capabilities and rebuild systems of governance.

Continued IMET training will ensure meaningful U.S. participation in the international effort to bring the Solomon Islands back from the brink of complete collapse. It also increases the country's ability to maintain control of its own fishery resources. To these ends, IMET-funded courses have focused on maritime issues.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of the Solomon Islands in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from these islands.

As of the publication date of this report, the Solomon Islands is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Taiwan

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

FMS

1778

$11,101,502

842

$11,113,596

INL

0

$0

39

$6,130,756

Service Academies

8

$0

0

$0

TOTAL

1786

$11,101,502

881

$17,244,352

Consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979, it has been long-standing U.S. policy to make available to Taiwan defense articles and services to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability. This policy also seeks to reinforce regional stability. Training of Taiwan armed forces personnel can play a major role in the enhancement of Taiwan's security. For senior professional military education, Taiwan has been approved in principle for slots at the Naval Command College, Army War College, and Air War College; one each to the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps Command and General Staff Colleges; and one NDU International Fellow. These programs increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence. (Taiwan did not participate in 2005.)

By its own terms,  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to Taiwan.


Thailand

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$26,673

0

$0

CTFP

223

$472,263

64

$250,362

FMF

0

$0

1

$40,000

FMS

48

$502,025

46

$928,535

IMET

321

$2,647,145

126

$2,489,964

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

4

$5,230

4

$500

Section 1004

453

$1,564,856

180

$641,000

Service Academies

5

$282,511

0

$0

TOTAL

1055

$5,500,703

421

$4,350,361

One of five treaty allies in Asia, Thailand hosts over 40 joint military exercises, provides crucial access to Thai facilities when needed, and has contributed troops to U.S.-led coalition operations. Thailand hosts Cobra Gold, our largest multi-national exercise in Asia and, by so doing, allows us to engage not only with the Thai military, but also the militaries of Singapore, Japan, Indonesia and others. Thailand has made critical contributions to the Global War on Terrorism, including allowing access to its airspace and bases for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom as well as deploying military engineers and medical personnel to Iraq. In December 2003, Thailand was designated a Major Non-NATO Ally. Thailand permitted the United States to use Utapao Naval Air Station as the hub for relief operations in response to the December 26, 2004 tsunami that devastated the Indian Ocean region in Operation Unified Assistance.

Thailand is one of the top recipients of IMET funds each year. IMET graduates dominate the top levels of the Defense Ministry, Supreme Command headquarters and all of the services. IMET assistance helps develop and maintain a professional Thai military that is capable of participating in international peacekeeping operations. Two U.S. educated and trained Thai Generals served as UNTAET force commanders in East Timor. The Thai General serving as Deputy Chief of the EU-ASEAN Interim Monitoring Mission in Aceh is an IMET graduate. Courses that contribute to these goals include training at command and general staff and service colleges, and in civil affairs, defense management, manpower management, information management, English language and instructor training, accounting, financial and personnel officer training. U.S. training also concentrates on developing operational interoperability and officer leadership in specific disciplines. These courses include tactics, airborne, aviation and aircraft maintenance, engineering, field artillery courses, medical courses, intelligence, ranger, munitions and Marine Corps courses.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) provides important training and education to assist Thailand in integrating its approach to combating terrorism. This program brings together counterparts from different countries and agencies across the counterterrorism (CT) spectrum. CTFP resources are used to engage the Royal Thai Government at the highest levels (such as the Director of the National Security Council) as well as at the decision-maker and action officer level. Efforts are focused on niches perceived to be weak points, including interagency cooperation, information sharing, and institutional knowledge bases in specific areas related to countering terrorism. Every effort is made to ensure that CTFP resources are not duplicative with other USG programs and resources, and instead are synergistic, focusing on areas not otherwise addressable. As a result, CT cooperation with Thailand is consistently rated by USG officials as excellent and, with continued CTFP assistance, the RTG capacity to support greater cooperation with more skilled personnel with increased interagency coordination can be improved even more.

In addition, DoD has funded training to enhance Thailand's participation in our joint exercise program. Several Thai officers also attend U.S. service academies, which provide an invaluable means to foster long-standing ties with the Thai military and to provide in-depth exposure to the U.S. system of civil-military relations, military law and related issues. The Thai military has expressed interest in participating in the OSD-sponsored Defense Resource Management Study (DRMS). This program's intent is to work with the host-nation military to design a multi-year resource management model tailored to the specific requirements and unique aspects of that country. OSD is considering this request.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation by Thailand in the Asia-Pacific Center for Strategic Studies' (APCSS) senior executive, junior executive and comprehensive security responses to terrorism (CSRT) courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Thailand as well as bridge differences among civil and military leaders from participating countries.

The President has waived the prohibition in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) of the provision of military assistance to Thailand, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is a party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Tonga

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

7

$171,999

13

$286,970

TOTAL

7

$171,999

13

$286,970

The Kingdom of Tonga, a highly traditional society where the King and nobles dominate political life, interacts with the U.S. mainly in such Pacific organizations as the Pacific Community, the Forum Fisheries Agency and the South Pacific Regional Environment Program. U.S. interests in Tonga include encouraging democratic institutions and assisting in environmental protection efforts. IMET is an important vehicle for pursuing U.S. interests.

Tonga joined other regional nations (New Zealand, Australia, Vanuatu and Fiji) in 1999 in providing unarmed peace monitors once a truce was achieved in Papua New Guinea's Bougainville. Tonga sent troops to Solomon Islands as part of the Regional Assistance Mission (RAMSI). In June 2004, they sent a unit of 45 troops to Iraq for peacekeeping duties. IMET provides professional military education (PME) and training to Tonga's Defense Force with emphasis on respect for human rights, civilian control over the military and military justice. Courses on officer and NCO development, command and general staff officer training and defense management contribute to this goal. IMET also helps to support Tonga's ability to contribute to regional peacekeeping endeavors and contributes to Tonga's development of an effective maritime law and surveillance capability through training in peacekeeping operations and international maritime search operations. FY 2005 IMET continued to focus on PME training for its defense forces.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Tonga in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Tonga.

As of the publication date of this report, Tonga is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Vanuatu

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

20

$87,020

7

$71,433

TOTAL

20

$87,020

7

$71,433

U.S. national interests in Vanuatu center on strengthening the nation's democratic institutions. Other interests include building Vanuatu's capacity to secure its maritime borders and encouraging programs that protect the island's environment and fragile natural resources.

The small Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF) must patrol a vast area of ocean. U.S. Coast Guard training supplements Australian and New Zealand programs and upgrades VMF capabilities. Continued IMET funding for leadership and maritime officer training also help improve force discipline and enhance its effectiveness in regional peacekeeping and disaster relief efforts.

The U.S. welcomes the continued participation of Vanuatu in the Asia-Pacific Center's executive courses, which are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations. The executive courses increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with officials from Vanuatu.

As of the publication date of this report, Vanuatu is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Vietnam

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

IMET

1

$46,600

3

$140,529

TOTAL

1

$46,600

3

$140,529

U.S. national security will be served by a stable, fully integrated Vietnam with increasing economic prosperity and trade relations with the United States. The United States seeks to enhance Vietnam's ability to be a constructive regional player by encouraging Hanoi's active participation in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Regional Forum, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) group , and in other strategic dialogues and cooperation. Vietnam will chair APEC in 2006. The United States can also improve trust through incremental expansion of military-to-military contacts, exchanges of senior military officials, and additional U.S. Navy ship visits. The Vietnamese military has been increasingly interested in attending conferences and confidence building meetings hosted by the Commander, Pacific Command.

The United States and Vietnam signed a bilateral Letter of Agreement on Counternarcotics Cooperation on December 11, 2003. The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) has identified Vietnamese counternarcotic requirements that could be addressed by USCG training courses. In June 2005, the United States and Vietnam concluded a FAA Section 505 agreement on end-user assurances, which will permit IMET funds for Vietnam to be spent for the first time. IMET funds will initially be directed to English language training. Also in June, Prime Minister Phan Van Khai and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld agreed to explore broader mil-mil cooperation.

The Asia-Pacific Center will continue to invite representatives from Vietnam to reinforce our defense cooperation and foster links with other regional partners and neighbors. The executive courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Vietnam.

As of the publication date of this report, Vietnam is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.



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