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U.S. Department of State - Great Seal

U.S. Department of State

Diplomacy in Action

III. State Foreign Policy Objectives--Western Hemispheric Region


Foreign Military Training: Joint Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
September 2006
Report
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Antigua and Barbuda

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,532

0

$0

IMET

14

$150,938

17

$262,300

Regional Centers

2

$5,500

4

$18,000

TOTAL

18

$159,970

21

$280,300

Antigua and Barbuda is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of Antigua and Barbuda to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. U.S. funded training assists in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Participating in joint exercises and maritime training increases Antigua and Barbuda's ability to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. An 82-foot patrol boat, provided by the U.S. government and delivered in 1998, has been used extensively for coastal patrolling and maritime counternarcotic missions. Due to the small size of Antigua and Barbuda's security forces, the limited IMET funding available pays great dividends in training programs.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Antigua and Barbuda at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Antigua and Barbuda.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Antigua and Barbuda, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Argentina

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

70

$116,377

42

$75,860

EIPC

1

$9,155

0

$0

FMS

23

$60,365

0

$0

IMET

235

$710,431

142

$622,027

PME Exchanges

4

$11,791

1

$91,326

Regional Centers

30

$112,500

53

$178,866

TOTAL

363

$1,020,619

238

$968,079

Argentina is a democratic nation and a close ally in the strategically important Southern Cone region. We have a mature relationship with the Government of Argentina (GOA) and the Argentine military actively participates in international peacekeeping and other multilateral efforts. The President has also designated Argentina as a Major Non-NATO Ally.

To promote interoperability and knowledge of U.S. operations, the Argentine military has participated in a number of joint exercises with U.S. forces in the region, including UNITAS (blue-water and amphibious) naval exercises, the SALITRE air force exercise in Chile, PANAMEX (defense of the Panama Canal), and a seven-month operational deployment of a destroyer to the Mediterranean with a U.S. Carrier Battle Group was completed in December 2003. Exercises involving U.S. troops on Argentine soil are on hold pending approval by the Argentine Congress.

IMET-funded and other courses in international law, peacekeeping, civil-military operations, command and general staff and a variety of other courses provide officer and non-commissioned officer training that enhance efforts to modernize and professionalize Argentina's armed forces. They also help reinforce the concept of civilian control of the military and familiarize Argentine military with U.S. military doctrine and practices. Other training in helicopter maintenance and courses in logistics management increase Argentina's ability to maintain U.S. equipment in its inventory, thus improving Argentine interoperability with U.S. forces in bilateral and multilateral activities. As South America's second largest contributor of troops to international peacekeeping operations, training in peacekeeping and humanitarian demining further encourages Argentina's participation in these activities. Argentina contributed over 600 troops to the UN multilateral peacekeeping force, MINUSTAH, and reports from Haiti have praised the troops' performance, especially in the northern city of Gonaives, which was severely hit by Hurricane Jeanne in September 2004, causing approximately 2,000 deaths.

Argentina started to receive Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funding in FY 2004. The Argentine Police are primarily responsible for an effective counterterrorism program in Argentina. They have a strong special operations group, skilled at real world hostage rescue and good marksmanship skills. CTFP funds will assist this group to train for more effective counterterrorism initiatives, and to strengthen the unit's ability to conduct small-to-medium scale operations. CTFP funds have also been used to train the Gendarmes and the Coast Guard, allowing Argentina to participate in counterterrorism conferences, international crisis command and control courses, international maritime contingency, several in-residence courses at U.S. schools, and other courses geared to improving Argentina's ability to counter the threat of international terrorism.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Argentine participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which leads to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Argentina.

By its own terms,  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to Argentina (Argentina is a Major Non-NATO Ally). Argentina is currently under Brooke Amendment sanctions for failure to pay a debt owed to the America's Fund; however, section 638 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, does allow for assistance for training activities.


Bahamas

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$2,500

0

$0

DOHS/USCG Activities

106

$0

0

$0

IMET

42

$247,484

65

$491,455

Regional Centers

20

$33,000

6

$14,600

Section 1004

7

$54,209

5

$34,358

TOTAL

177

$337,193

76

$540,413

The Bahamas is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. IMET courses in basic military officer and non-commissioned officer training, attendance at the Naval Staff College and a variety of maritime training courses assist the Bahamas in the development of a more professional and efficient security force.

The Bahamas is instrumental in assisting the U.S. in combating narcotics trafficking and illegal migration in the region. Training activities therefore, include instruction in operational planning and exercises with U.S. forces. Training in ship management and boarding team operations greatly enhances the Bahamas' ability to perform law enforcement and security activities. Training on legal issues involving the military encourages continued Bahamian participation in many bilateral and multilateral activities. One result has been close cooperation with the U.S. Government on a combined law enforcement effort, Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), which is critical for the interdiction of aliens, drugs and terrorists en route to the United States. In addition, this training has resulted in the Bahamas placing an increased emphasis on preventing money laundering and on asset forfeiture investigations and prosecution.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the United States welcomes participation from the Bahamas at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the Bahamas.

As of the publication date of this report, the Bahamas is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Barbados

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

1

$1,894

0

$0

IMET

0

$0

23

$222,146

Regional Centers

5

$12,650

7

$27,100

TOTAL

6

$14,544

30

$249,246

Barbados is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. Planned training will assist Barbados in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Training in marine safety and maritime search and rescue greatly enhances Barbados' ability to assist in counternarcotics efforts. Barbados has continued its leadership role in the Eastern Caribbean by passing domestic legislation that enables it to implement maritime law enforcement agreements. U. S. Government training and support has facilitated execution of cooperative bilateral law enforcement efforts in the region.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Barbados at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Barbados.

As of the publication date of this report, Barbados, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Belize

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

3

$12,750

1

$57,492

DOHS/USCG Activities

66

$0

0

$0

IMET

24

$350,327

29

$386,428

Regional Centers

3

$9,350

8

$27,600

Section 1004

0

$0

5

$10,275

Service Academies

4

$242,806

0

$0

TOTAL

100

$615,233

43

$481,795

Belize is a democratic nation that has a good bilateral relationship with the United States. We have encouraged the military of Belize to participate more actively in counternarcotic and other multilateral efforts. Because of its proximity to the United States, its long coastline dotted with many islands and inlets, and its position linking Central American and Caribbean states, Belize is an ideal transit point for illicit drugs headed for the United States. Easy access to the United States and Mexico makes Belize an attractive staging area for other international crimes as well. It is a market for vehicles stolen in the United States, a potential site for money laundering, and a point of origin for smuggled wildlife and artifacts.

IMET and other programs provide training and equipment to maintain a small but disciplined Belize Defense Force (BDF). BDF troops served with the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) Battalion during peacekeeping operations in Haiti and participated in regional training exercises with United States, British and Caribbean forces. IMET training in the areas of mid-level officers training and equipment maintenance, as well as the rule of law and discipline in military operations, greatly improves the professionalism and competence of the BDF. A number of activities were conducted to help make the BDF a more effective partner when operating with U.S. forces in joint exercises and operations, particularly in the counterdrug area.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Belize, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Bolivia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

0

$0

1

$20,824

CTFP

2

$3,880

2

$41,509

EIPC

0

$0

3

$21,519

FMF

2

$185,314

0

$0

IMET

4

$115,418

71

$1,193,462

Regional Centers

19

$88,400

33

$126,800

Section 1004

159

$993,937

131

$1,422,704

TOTAL

186

$1,386,949

241

$2,826,818

Bolivia is currently experiencing significant challenges to democratic rule by anti-government forces. It enjoys a strong bilateral relationship with the United States. Bolivia is heavily engaged in a major counternarcotics effort with significant support and partial funding from the United States. U.S. Government training and participation in joint exercises has enabled Bolivia to phase out the policy of compensating individuals for drug eradication, substantially reduce the amount of coca under cultivation in the Chapare region and increase the number of arrests and chemical seizures. This effort is hampered by resistance from those who have profited from the production and trafficking of narcotics, particularly cocaine. Special counternarcotic forces and certain select units of the military are active participants in the drug war. At times, there have been violent confrontations between coca growers and government forces. This violence and its impact on politics was a major factor in the December 2005 presidential elections.

Bolivia has been certified as cooperating with U.S. counternarcotics policy. IMET and other training funds have provided professional military education (PME) and non-commissioned officer (NCO) training to enhance the professionalism of Bolivia's armed forces. Previous military training programs included courses on civil-military relations, resource management and human rights instruction, which helped reinforce principles of democracy and civilian control of the military. Prior-year FMF funds provided mid-level officer training and improved technical training for counternarcotic operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomed Bolivian participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Bolivia

Bolivia did not receive CTFP funding in FY 2005 and none is scheduled for 2006. However, they are expected to send students to regional training by the Center for Civil Military Relations (CCMR) to be conducted in Uruguay in 2006. Topics to be discussed at this seminar include: Terrorism in Transition, Democratic 'Toolkit', Media Issues and Counterterrorism, Intelligence and CT, International Approaches, Interagency Decision-Making, Defense Restructuring and CT, Building a CT Strategy, Measures of Effectiveness, and Terrorism in Latin America.

As of the publication date of this report, Bolivia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Brazil

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

32

$214,307

18

$228,096

FMS

32

$1,156,627

1

$6,352

IMET

0

$0

56

$527,782

PME Exchanges

1

$78,162

1

$83,472

Regional Centers

23

$99,600

49

$148,100

Section 1004

0

$0

34

$94,779

TOTAL

88

$1,548,696

159

$1,088,581

As a result of its geographic size and economic power, Brazil has substantial influence over the entire South American continent and its military actively participates in international peacekeeping and other multilateral efforts. The United States' security relationship with this regional leader suffered a considerable decline in the late 1970s when Brazil was governed by a military regime that was displeased by the USG's foreign policy emphasis on human rights. This displeasure resulted in the cessation of the U.S.-Brazil Military Assistance Accord that had been in effect since WWII. Brazil's transition to civilian government in 1985 paved the way for a closer partnership and its creation of a civilian-led Ministry of Defense in 1999 greatly facilitated our bilateral defense relationship. Today, that relationship can be characterized as mature and continually improving.

IMET training courses for NCOs, mid-level and senior officers would assist Brazil's efforts to modernize and professionalize its armed forces and help strengthen the principle of civilian control of the military. Other training in equipment maintenance and logistics also enhances Brazil's ability to maintain its inventory and further encourages Brazil's participation in international peacekeeping and humanitarian operations. Brazil's participation in joint exercises strengthens interoperability with U.S. forces.

Brazil received approximately $360,000 in country funding in FY 2005. Students from Brazil attended the National Defense University's Counterterrorism Fellows Program and the Naval Post Graduate School's Center For Civil-Military Relations, Civilian-Military Response to Terrorism course. These courses are designed to support international understanding of the politico-military components of combating international terrorism and enhance the capabilities of coalition partners to develop effective short- and long-term programs to combat terrorism that are consistent with democratic principles. Brazil plans to increase their CTFP participation in 2006, with considerable emphasis on strategy formulation and international cooperation. Brazil has sent students to the U.S. Coast Guard International Crisis Command and Control course. Continued engagement with Brazil using the CTFP program will allow for increased security for the region and for the United States.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Brazil at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Brazil.

As of the publication date of this report, Brazil, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Chile

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

5

$17,190

6

$33,402

FMS

75

$9,937,828

43

$1,180,944

IMET

115

$565,839

67

$365,703

PME Exchanges

2

$78,162

0

$0

Regional Centers

39

$151,450

53

$172,100

Section 1004

120

$874,000

0

$1

Service Academies

6

$23,290

0

$0

TOTAL

362

$11,647,759

169

$1,752,150

Chile is a key military partner of the United States in the Western Hemisphere and beyond. U.S. Military training activities with Chile help to advance U.S. interests in regional stability, interoperability with U.S. forces and the maintenance and protection of basic democratic values and human rights. As the Chilean armed forces have become more modern and professional, they have expanded their participation in U.S.-advocated activities such as international peacekeeping, with their participation in both the Multinational Interim Force and subsequent UN Mission (MINUSTAH) in Haiti serving as examples. They were also one of the founding members of the SOUTHCOM-funded PANAMAX exercises in Panama.

The IMET program has been an invaluable tool in the transition away from the Pinochet era. Technical training has supported Chile's efforts to modernize its forces, which, combined with Chile's participation in joint training exercises with American personnel, has enhanced effective interoperability with the United States. The provision of management training for non-commissioned, mid-level and senior officers has helped Chile to further professionalize its armed forces. Overall, contacts between Chilean and U.S. military and civilian personnel through the IMET program have strengthened Chile's democracy and steadily eased the misperceptions that had arisen between our two countries.

Previously received EIPC-funded assistance enhanced Chile's peacekeeping capability and supported U.S. interests by facilitating regional and international cooperation. Increased peacekeeping readiness encourages cooperation among the Chilean services, strengthens and further motivates Chile's rationale for defense modernization and promotes collaboration and exchanges with the U.S. and other regional militaries. Due in part to training programs such as these, today's Chilean military is more modern, professional and willing and able to support the U.S. than ever before. Their recent initiative to form a joint PKO unit with Argentina is another positive step.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the United States welcomes Chilean participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Chile.

As of the publication date of this report, Chile is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Colombia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$27,267

1

$1,056

CTFP

11

$317,747

4

$195,466

DOHS/USCG Activities

30

$0

0

$0

FMF

31

$156,042

0

$0

FMS

32

$34,435

20

$69,318

IMET

504

$1,469,828

431

$1,921,779

INL

587

$2,428,041

515

$3,303,199

Regional Centers

41

$155,150

41

$152,700

Section 1004

9152

$18,461,377

2060

$13,708,299

Service Academies

4

$220,995

0

$0

TOTAL

10393

$23,270,882

3072

$19,351,817

Colombia is Latin America's oldest formal democracy and a major partner of the United States in the fight against international narcotics trafficking and terrorism. As the source of most of the cocaine and much of the heroin consumed in the United States, Colombia is the focus of a significant share of the U.S. Government's international counterdrug effort. Prior to the passage of the FY 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act, the largest part of the training provided to the Colombian military was in direct support of the U.S. counterdrug strategy. Since then, U.S. training has broadened to reflect U.S. support to assist the Colombian military in its unified campaign against narcotics traffickers and designated terrorist groups in support of Plan Colombia.

In FY 2005, section 1004 (National Defense Authorization Act for FY 1991) counterdrug training for Colombia included aviation aircrew training, Colombian Marine riverine training and light infantry training of Colombian police and military. All section 1004 training is provided in support of drug eradication and interdiction efforts. Extensive sustainment training occurred, as did increased support for training of aircraft mechanics, crew and pilots for the assets provided to the Government of Colombia (GOC) for counternarcotics and counterterrorism programs. Additionally, Colombia received in excess of $60,000 in CTFP funding in FY 2005 for a range of training programs.

The FY 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act provided DoD with expanded authority to use Colombia assistance funds to support the GOC in its unified campaign against narcotics trafficking and terrorist groups such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), and the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), and to take actions to protect human health and welfare in emergency circumstances, including undertaking rescue operations. This authority has been renewed. As part of the FY 2002 Supplemental, Congress also approved $6M to enhance the Colombian military's ability to protect critical infrastructures, specifically the Cano Limon pipeline. In FY 2003, U.S. Special Operations Forces provided training and equipment as part of this initiative. An additional $99M in FY 2005 FMF funding was used for infrastructure security training assistance and needed equipment. For FY 2005, FMF funding was used to continue to support Colombia's unified campaign against narcotics trafficking and terrorist organizations, an effort that will continue in FY 2006.

The IMET program adds to these training efforts, and funds a broad range of courses for the Colombian military at all levels that promote mutually beneficial mil-to-mil relations and increased understanding and defense cooperation between the U.S. and Colombia. Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies and IMET courses include a strong emphasis on human rights, including courses on democratic sustainment. IMET also provides technical training for NCOs and field-grade officers, as well as training in maintenance, logistics and resource management. These courses assist the Colombian military by increasing its abilities to better care for and maintain U.S.-provided equipment, thus increasing Colombia's ability to pursue its counterdrug and counterterrorist efforts, as well as its efforts to reestablish security throughout Colombia.

The Urban Antiterrorism Special Forces Group, a joint unit comprised of personnel and equipment from all of Colombia's military services, formally manages Colombia's counterterrorism program. This unit has real world combat experience and excellent planning skills, and Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funding is geared toward giving them the counterterrorism training to supplement this experience. CTFP funds have already allowed Colombians to attend courses designed to assist them to combat terrorism, manage resources, understand better the dynamics of international terrorism, and develop international and U.S. ties through senior leader attendance at U.S. senior military schools. These courses will provide Colombia's elite counterterrorism unit with a greater understanding of the international threat of terrorism and an increased ability to counter it.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes Colombian participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Colombia.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Colombia, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Costa Rica

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,340

0

$0

IMET

0

$0

107

$778,891

Regional Centers

6

$32,500

18

$59,200

Section 1004

7

$21,387

7

$36,590

Service Academies

2

$129,150

0

$0

TOTAL

17

$186,377

132

$874,681

Costa Rica is a democratic nation, a major partner in Central America and was the first Central American nation to sign and ratify a Maritime Counternarcotics Agreement with the United States. Costa Rica actively participates in efforts to reduce illegal migration, drug trafficking and poaching of marine fisheries in the region, and has become a staunch U.S. partner in the fight against international crime, greatly expanding and complementing our law enforcement efforts in the region.

Costa Rica does not have a military, relying on its Public Security Forces for defense. IMET training would serve to professionalize the Coast Guard and law enforcement services through courses such as counterdrug operations, rule of law and discipline in military operations and technical training. Likewise, as the Government of Costa Rica assumes an increasingly sophisticated counternarcotics role, other training provides access to modern, state-of-the-art law enforcement methods, as well as assistance in equipment maintenance, logistics and resource management. Counternarcotics training focuses on operational skills, as well as on joint exercises to improve interoperability with U.S. forces.

As a means of strengthening security ties, the U.S. welcomes participation by Costa Rica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Costa Rica.

As of the publication date of this report, Costa Rica, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Dominica

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,808

0

$0

IMET

9

$99,455

16

$144,832

Regional Centers

3

$7,150

1

$6,500

TOTAL

14

$110,413

17

$151,332

Dominica is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of Dominica to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-planned training in FY 2006 will assist Dominica in the development of a more professional and efficient security force and will enable Dominica to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic activities, search and rescue operations, international peacekeeping efforts and other bilateral and multilateral operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Dominica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Dominica.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Dominica, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Dominican Republic

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

4

$71,317

1

$57,492

FMF

105

$121,271

0

$0

FMS

2

$22,375

0

$0

IMET

102

$1,535,778

112

$1,265,528

INL

30

$62,778

0

$0

Regional Centers

15

$50,950

30

$99,800

Section 1004

7

$13,694

6

$35,741

TOTAL

265

$1,878,163

149

$1,458,561

The Dominican Republic is a democratic nation and a close ally of the United States. The Department has encouraged the Dominican Republic military to participate more actively in counternarcotic operations and other multilateral efforts. The Dominican Republic is a member of the Coalition of the Willing. In 2002, the Dominican Republic was the first country in the Western Hemisphere to sign an Article 98 agreement with the United States, and also participated in coalition operations in Iraq.

IMET-funded and other training in areas such as civil-military operations and democratic sustainment will contribute to the Dominican Republic's support for the principles of human rights, democracy and civilian control of the military. Professional training and education at all levels (including NCO training and command and staff colleges) improves the professionalism of the Dominican Republic armed forces. Other training included technical and counternarcotics training to increase the Dominican Republic's ability to operate with U.S. forces, and joint exercises that promoted team building and provided baseline knowledge of U.S. operations.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from the Dominican Republic at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from the Dominican Republic.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to the Dominican Republic, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Ecuador

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$20,347

0

$0

CTFP

133

$235,148

1

$62,982

FMF

22

$27,259

0

$0

FMS

5

$34,232

37

$91,847

IMET

0

$0

42

$572,685

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

25

$800,000

0

$0

Regional Centers

32

$109,500

28

$118,600

Section 1004

451

$1,754,617

210

$756,847

Service Academies

4

$220,995

0

$0

TOTAL

673

$3,202,098

318

$1,602,961

The United States has mature and friendly bilateral relations with Ecuador. Ecuador's democracy has been struggling in recent years under various pressures, including a severe financial crisis, rivalries between domestic regions, high-profile corruption and lack of support for the President. Ecuador's military has a great deal of independence and political influence, and they have some funding sources of their own which reduce their dependence on the budget process. The Ecuadorian military played a controversial role in the January 2000 political crisis, but has since reaffirmed its commitment to civilian control.

Training in civil-military relations, the rule of law and discipline in military operations and as human rights instructors, as well as participation at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) help reinforce the principles of civilian control of the military and strengthen the principles of human rights. Ecuador is designated as a major drug-transiting country and many of the activities, such as counternarcotic operations, officer training, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance, provide training needed to professionalize and modernize Ecuador's military. Significant training efforts in counterdrug operations have also been conducted. Joint exercises with U.S. forces contributed to continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic efforts. In November 1999, Ecuador and the United States concluded a ten-year agreement for the access and use of Manta Air Force Base, Ecuador, as a Forward Operating Location for U.S. aircraft monitoring drug trafficking flights through the region.

Ecuador began its association with the CTFP program in FY 2005, receiving $6,500 in CTFP invitational courses. It is projected to receive $212,000 in discretionary funding in FY 2006, as well as other CTFP funded invitational courses. Ecuador sent a number of students to the CCMR regional Seminar in Paraguay, a student to the Naval Post Graduate School CT MS degree program, and the National Defense University's Counterterrorism Fellows Program. The NDU program assigns selected foreign officials to graduate accredited courses offered by NDU's School for Senior National Security Executive Education (SNSEE). CT Fellows participate in these seminars and also attend elective courses alongside American counterparts from the military services, DoD, other Executive Branch agencies, and relevant congressional staffs. SNSEE brings a broad strategic perspective to these interservice, interagency, and international deliberations. Attendance at these and similar courses will allow Ecuadorians to analyze global threats and their various manifestations, recognize global terrorism mechanisms, including the modes, means, roots and psychology of transnational terrorism, and evaluate the means to counter this threat within and outside Ecuador.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Ecuador at the CHDS executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Ecuador.

As of the publication date of this report, Ecuador, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


El Salvador

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$21,018

1

$21,905

CTFP

6

$73,512

62

$62,130

DOHS/USCG Activities

0

$0

2

$1,880

EIPC

0

$0

30

$40,000

FMF

0

$0

0

$48,480

IMET

418

$2,156,764

151

$1,958,200

Regional Centers

31

$77,300

35

$119,500

Section 1004

21

$0

0

$950,000

Service Academies

2

$129,150

0

$0

TOTAL

479

$2,457,744

281

$3,202,095

El Salvador is a democratic country with a historically close relationship with the United States. Bilateral military assistance has been dramatically reduced since the end of the civil war in 1992, and overall relations have flourished with the civilian government. The principal U.S. interests in El Salvador are supporting democracy, fighting international crime and illegal drugs, encouraging economic development, deterring illegal immigration to the U.S. and promoting U.S. exports. Our bilateral relationship is further influenced by the fact that one in six Salvadorans live in the United States.

Security cooperation is geared towards professional training programs that will sustain the dramatic improvement in civil-military relations and consequent improvement in the democratic climate and regional stability seen in recent years. Officer training at all levels, including command and staff colleges and courses in civil-military relations and democratic sustainment, help reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and reinforce the principles of human rights. El Salvador has strongly supported the Global War on Terrorism and sent Special Forces troops to Iraq. It remains the only country in the Western Hemisphere with soldiers deployed to Iraq. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Salvadoran Armed forces to develop expertise and participate in future peace support operations. El Salvador is one of the four members of the Conference of Central American Armed Forces (CFAC) PKO unit.

In March 2000, the USG opened one of three Forward Operating Locations (FOL) which supports counterdrug operations in the Pacific corridor. The Government of El Salvador (GOES) granted the concession to base our operations in their country at great political expense, and our continued close relations with their military through IMET is vital to the longevity of this operation. Training, through IMET and FMF funds, in counternarcotic operations, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance provides assistance needed to professionalize and modernize the Salvadoran military and encourage its continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotic efforts. Joint training exercises with U.S. forces contribute to team building and give the armed forces exposure to U.S. counterdrug operations. El Salvador is also a transit point for illegal immigration and drugs to the U.S., and IMET assists the GOES to better patrol its borders. Since the earthquakes of January and February 2001, emphasis has been given to helping the Salvadoran military carry out its disaster relief and reconstruction mission, as well as to building its disaster preparedness capabilities. The new roles of patrolling borders and disaster relief have created a needed and positive role for the military, helping to erase years of distrust by the population of the armed forces.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from El Salvador at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from El Salvador.

As of the publication date of this report, El Salvador is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Grenada

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,832

0

$0

IMET

12

$81,693

16

$140,967

Regional Centers

1

$1,650

1

$6,500

TOTAL

15

$87,175

17

$147,467

Grenada is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of Grenada to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. FY 2005 and projected FY 2006 training will assist in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training and exercises with U.S. forces will contribute to greater interoperability and baseline understanding of U.S. counterdrug operations. IMET funding, though limited, pays big dividends given the small size of the Grenadian security force.

As of the publication date of this report, Grenada is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Guatemala

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$18,362

1

$9,100

CTFP

21

$35,770

1

$7,876

IMET

122

$336,380

16

$170,700

Regional Centers

17

$58,100

50

$138,200

Section 1004

6

$26,971

3

$15,045

TOTAL

167

$475,583

71

$340,921

Guatemala is an evolving democracy with a traditionally cooperative relationship with the United States. The principal U.S. interests in Guatemala include strengthening Guatemala's democracy and rule of law, fighting transnational crime and drug trafficking, and encouraging the growth of a stable market economy. In July 2004, the Guatemalan military was reduced to 15,500 personnel, the latest in a series of reductions that has cut the size of the Guatemalan Armed Forces by 66 percent between 1997 and 2004. The Guatemalan military has also carried out an extensive revision of its doctrine, training, and education and eliminated internal security as a military role. The revision also includes a strong emphasis on human rights training. Efforts to modernize the military to reflect its new role in a democratic society have been stymied by budget constraints and the Government of Guatemala is seeking foreign assistance to help fund military modernization. Because of continuing concerns regarding past human rights cases, as well as issues regarding implementation of various aspects of the Peace Accords, Guatemala is Congressionally-restricted to receiving Expanded IMET (E-IMET).

Participation in Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies activities, and training in civil-military relations, rule of law and discipline in military operations and democratic sustainment help reinforce the goal of civilian control of the military and human rights principles. Other training activities help Guatemalan forces strengthen their drug enforcement capabilities, conduct interdiction and eradication activities, and improve their ability to integrate their planning and execution with U.S. entities in regional counter-narcotic, disaster relief, peacekeeping, and humanitarian operations. In PKO, Guatemala has been the driving force and cornerstone in the formation of the CFAC multinational peacekeeping battalion, an initiative strongly supported by GPOI funding.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Guatemala at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Guatemala.

As of the publication date of this report, Guatemala is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Guyana

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

DOHS/USCG Activities

66

$0

0

$0

IMET

18

$391,997

32

$495,544

Regional Centers

5

$12,650

5

$24,500

Section 1004

16

$146,000

0

$0

Service Academies

1

$64,575

0

$0

TOTAL

106

$615,222

37

$520,044

The United States has friendly relations with Guyana, a small, poor and heavily indebted country with a wealth of natural resources. Guyana is making a slow transition to a free-market system and has held several free and fair elections over the past twelve years. Guyana has an unresolved border dispute with neighboring Suriname. Venezuela also has an outstanding claim to approximately two thirds of Guyana's territory. Neither border controversy is likely to lead to armed conflict in the short to medium term.

Although Guyana has not been identified as a major drug-transit or producing country, narcotics trafficking is increasingly a concern. The United States Government has been encouraging the Government of Guyana (GOG) to participate more actively in counternarcotic and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded and other training in professional military education (PME), a variety of maritime-related courses and those which support counternarcotic efforts, as well as participation in the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, assist in the development of a more professional and efficient security force. Participating in joint exercises and training in maritime search and rescue increases Guyana's ability to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotics and other bilateral and multilateral operations. A Maritime Law Enforcement Agreement giving shipriders law enforcement authority was enacted in 2003.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Guyana at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Guyana.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Guyana, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Haiti

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

DOHS/USCG Activities

0

$0

1

$831

FMF

13

$26,500

0

$0

IMET

28

$125,395

14

$173,782

Regional Centers

1

$1,650

3

$15,500

TOTAL

42

$153,545

18

$190,113

The Haitian Coast Guard performed admirably during the period of instability leading up to former President Aristide's departure in March 2004. It has been, in fact, the most stable and cooperative element of the Haitian government in recent years. Continued targeted support to the Haitian Coast Guard in FY 2006, as was the case in FY 2005, provides an opportunity to build on former achievements. Continued engagement with the Haitian Coast Guard has increased its professionalism and interdiction capacity and helped to reinforce the rule of law in Haiti's ports and territorial waters. United States Government training and support will enable Haiti to cooperate more fully with the U.S. Coast Guard and other U.S. law enforcement agencies working to control narcotics trafficking, illegal migration and alien smuggling. Additional grant transfers and resources will allow the Haitian Coast Guard to expand its presence on the north and south coasts of the country and to conduct self-sustained operations in areas of concern.

As of the publication date of this report, Haiti is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Honduras

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

1

$19,229

1

$33,674

CTFP

7

$41,742

10

$145,497

DOHS/USCG Activities

281

$0

0

$0

IMET

279

$1,345,039

234

$1,687,663

Regional Centers

9

$31,300

29

$95,700

Section 1004

7

$16,644

7

$33,045

Service Academies

3

$217,936

0

$0

TOTAL

587

$1,671,890

281

$1,995,579

Honduras is a democratic country and a close partner in the Central American region. Although Honduras is not designated as a major drug-transiting country, narcotics' trafficking is a growing concern. Because of its geographic location, Honduras has become a transshipment point for narcotics entering the United States. IMET-funded training is geared towards professional military education (PME) courses that encourage the continued dramatic improvement in civil-military relations, as well as improvement in the democratic climate and regional integration/stability. Training at all levels, from NCO training up to command and staff colleges, and courses in civil-military relations and democratic sustainment, help reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and promote the principles of human rights. Honduras, who deployed a task force to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, remains a strong supporter of the Global War on Terrorism. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Honduran armed forces to more fully develop expertise in this area and to participate in future PKO. Honduras is also one of the four members of the four-nation CFAC PKO battalion, primarily funded through GPOI. Training in counternarcotic operations, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance and participation in exercises with U.S. forces provide opportunities needed to professionalize and modernize the Honduran military and encourage its continued cooperation with U.S. counternarcotics efforts.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Honduras at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Honduras.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Honduras, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.


Jamaica

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

35

$272,618

0

$0

DOHS/USCG Activities

110

$5,354

0

$0

IMET

91

$939,710

108

$1,326,148

Regional Centers

10

$25,450

16

$92,000

Section 1004

6

$47,404

6

$53,436

Service Academies

3

$173,543

0

$0

TOTAL

255

$1,464,079

130

$1,471,584

Jamaica is a stable democracy and the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) cooperates with the U.S. on a variety of international and regional issues. Although Jamaica is a major transit country for cocaine and the largest Caribbean producer and exporter of marijuana, the GOJ has fully cooperated with U.S. counternarcotic goals. Jamaica has no serious external threats to its security and maintains a very small military.

Training in the rules of law and discipline in military operations and junior- to mid-level officer professional development help maintain a professional military force subject to civilian control. Additionally, training in aircraft repairs, information systems, logistics and maritime operations assists in maintaining the technical proficiencies of the Jamaican military, while continued U.S. counternarcotics training enhances Jamaica's ability to combat narcotics traffickers. U.S. Government training and exercises have enabled Jamaica to improve its participation in bilateral counterdrug initiatives, strengthen its drug enforcement, money laundering and anti-corruption laws and improve its counternarcotic enforcement capabilities.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Jamaica at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Jamaica.

As of the publication date of this report, Jamaica is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.

Mexico

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

356

$576,141

119

$571,912

IMET

140

$1,120,119

4

$75,413

INL

139

$306,873

0

$0

Regional Centers

12

$51,821

0

$0

Section 1004

188

$1,353,694

57

$1,970,677

TOTAL

835

$3,408,648

180

$2,618,002

Mexico, our second largest trading partner, shares a border with the United States of more than 2,000 miles. The U.S. and Mexican governments have significantly improved cooperation across a range of common interests and concerns, including counterterrorism, counternarcotics, and the fight against corruption. The Mexican military focuses primarily on internal security, but also plays a significant role in infrastructure protection, border and airport security, disaster relief and counternarcotics activities. Given our extensive border and close cultural and commercial ties, both governments recognize the fundamental importance of effective coordination of counterterrorism efforts. The Mexican military also plays a central role in the government's counternarcotics efforts, including interdiction and the deployment of some 20,000 troops at any one time to manually eradicate marijuana and opium poppy fields. Mexico nonetheless remains an important source of marijuana and opium poppy. Additionally, as much as 70 percent of the cocaine entering the United States from South America passes through Mexico or its surrounding waters off both coasts. The U.S. and Mexican governments coordinate counternarcotics cooperation through various mechanisms, including the Binational Commission (BNC), the Senior Law Enforcement Plenary (SLEP), and the Bilateral Interdiction Working Group (BIWG). The administration of President Vicente Fox has taken a courageous stand against transnational crime and corruption, viewing both as fundamental threats to Mexican national security. As a result, levels of coordination and bilateral counternarcotics cooperation have reached unprecedented levels. Mexican efforts to attack internal corruption have also been dramatic and include the disbanding of an entire battalion in Sinaloa and the arrest of several senior officers for suspected ties to narcotraffickers. An indicator of the progress in our defense relationship during the Fox administration is the recent deployment of Mexican military to the United States in support of Hurricane Katrina relief efforts. This was the first time Mexican troops entered U.S. territory since the 1846-48 Mexican War.

IMET-funded training in the areas of rule of law and discipline in military operations support the Fox Administration's efforts to strengthen the rule of law and respect for human rights in Mexico's law enforcement agencies and in its armed forces. Mid-to-senior level officer training helps maintain the professionalism of the Mexican military. The U.S. conducts extensive counterterrorism and counternarcotics training, focusing its efforts on helping Mexico improve its air and sea reconnaissance capabilities to enhance their ability to detect and thwart illicit activity. Technical assistance covering a broad range of counterterrorism and counternarcotics capabilities and assets also enhances Mexico's ability to cooperate more effectively with U.S. counterterrorism and counternarcotics efforts.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Mexico at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency, and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their Mexican counterparts.

As of the publication date of this report, Mexico, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Netherlands Antilles

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

Section 1004

40

$185,000

40

$319,000

TOTAL

40

$185,000

40

$319,000

The Netherlands Antilles maintains active, bilateral relations with the United States. With the close cooperation of the Netherlands Antilles Government, an active Forward Operating Location is located in Curacao taking advantage of its strategic position in counter-narcotics efforts. The Netherlands Antilles and the Dutch military collaborate closely with the U.S. Joint Inter-Agency Task Force (JIATF) South in Key West, as well as in the full range of law enforcement counter-narcotics efforts. There is ample evidence to confirm the strong support of the Netherlands Antilles in working closely with the U.S. in counter narcotics and other multilateral security activities. Ongoing and planned training will assist in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training and exercises with U.S. forces, primarily the USCG and USN, will contribute to greater interoperability and baseline understanding of U.S. counterdrug operations.

As a member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, foreign and defense affairs for the Netherlands Antilles are managed by the Government of the Netherlands in The Hague. By its own terms,  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) does not prohibit the provision of military assistance to the Netherlands.


Nicaragua

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

16

$41,100

3

$122,235

DOHS/USCG Activities

79

$0

0

$0

IMET

29

$630,430

57

$927,316

Misc DOD/DOS Non-SA

0

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

13

$35,550

43

$80,200

Section 1004

30

$5,996

5

$42,861

TOTAL

167

$713,076

108

$1,172,612

The primary national interests of the United States in Nicaragua are to support and strengthen democratic institutions, foster regional security, interdict international crime and to promote broad-based economic growth. Since the return of a democratically elected government in 1990, Nicaragua has made great strides in opening its economy and in establishing legitimate, responsive democratic institutions. In particular, the Nicaraguan National Army (EN), once the political tool of the Sandinistas (FSLN), has undergone a dramatic transformation and has become a respected democratic institution. Continued engagement will further contribute to this process. Training activities promote regional security and strengthen democratic institutions. Nicaragua has strongly supported the Global War on Terrorism and is one of four regional countries to contribute troops to stabilization efforts in Iraq. Training in international peacekeeping will allow the Nicaraguan Armed forces to develop expertise and participate in future PKO. Nicaragua is also one of the members of the four-nation CFAC PKO battalion, a GPOI-funded initiative.

Indicative of the EN's evolution from merely an armed instrument of the FSLN Party to a professional, apolitical institution was the complete support offered by the Commander of the Nicaraguan Army for passage of the Nicaraguan Counterdrug Maritime Agreement, enacted in November 2001. The Counterdrug Maritime Agreement allows Coast Guard/law enforcement elements to conduct joint interdiction operations against narcotraffickers in Nicaraguan waters. Embassy Managua has made a concerted effort to cross-train elements of the Nicaraguan Military and Nicaraguan National Police in ship boarding, interdiction techniques and drug enforcement operations.

The Government of Nicaragua presented its first ever white paper to President Bolanos September 2, 2004. This paper is an important step in defining the role of the military under a civilian Minister of Defense. The white paper examines once taboo topics such as civilian formulation of the military budget, structure and size of the armed forces, national and regional emerging threats, force modernization requirements, and senior officer promotions. It is currently awaiting approval by the National Assembly.

IMET-funded training, such as civil-military relations and leadership training, have helped the EN make great progress in professionalizing its officer corps and supporting the leadership of a civilian president and a civilian Minister of Defense.

The IMET program contains a significant English language component, as well as resource management, maritime operations, and, for the first time, professional military education courses such as command and general staff and war college equivalents.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Nicaragua at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Nicaragua.

As of the publication date of this report, Nicaragua is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Panama

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

20

$171,000

4

$21,896

FMF

1

$33,902

2

$162,767

IMET

58

$841,710

123

$1,200,330

INL

6

$27,534

12

$67,056

Regional Centers

12

$42,250

22

$72,400

Section 1004

204

$1,174,965

3

$147,767

TOTAL

301

$2,291,361

166

$1,672,216

Panama remains important to U.S. national interests following the transfer of the Panama Canal. Approximately two-thirds of Canal traffic originates in, or is destined for, the United States. Panama's strategic location between South and North America makes it a crossroads for international commerce, and also a center for illegal activity such as drug trafficking, money laundering, arms smuggling and illegal immigration. U.S. security engagement with Panama will become more crucial as Panama deals with any spillover from the Colombian conflict along its porous border. Cooperation with the Torrijos administration has been excellent, with a range of new initiatives beginning to take shape.

As Panama has no standing military, the U.S. needs to continue cooperative efforts with Panamanian security elements of the Public Force (law enforcement authorities) to counter transnational crime, increase border security and address other threats. U.S. assistance supports all four services of Panama's Public Force (PPF): National Police, National Air Service, National Maritime Service and Institutional Protection Service. IMET-funded and other training programs provided to the PPF are used for technical and operational courses focused on security, counternarcotics and counterterrorism.

As a means of strengthening security ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Panama at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Panama.

The President has waived the prohibition, in  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.), of the provision of military assistance to Panama, a State Party to the Rome Statute, for as long as it is party to an Article 98 agreement with the United States.

Paraguay

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

2

$29,473

0

$0

CTFP

30

$206,838

4

$27,672

EIPC

22

$207,501

0

$0

IMET

0

$0

24

$565,658

Regional Centers

63

$157,900

34

$129,200

Section 1004

408

$2,383,464

138

$1,536,000

TOTAL

525

$2,985,176

200

$2,258,530

Seventeen years after the overthrow of the Alfredo Stroessner dictatorship, the consolidation of a democratic society and state continues. Bilateral relations between the U.S. and Paraguay are strong, with Paraguay providing excellent cooperation in the fight against terrorism. As there are no serious external threats to Paraguay's sovereignty, the Paraguayan military is struggling to define its roles and missions in the 21st century.

The Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) and the remaining Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capability (EIPC) program funds strengthen counterterrorism and peacekeeping capabilities within the Paraguayan military. Courses at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) and participation in Unified Command seminars and military exercises advance the concept of civilian control of the military, support human rights principles, and maintain the rule of law and discipline in military operations. They also contribute to Paraguay's making proportionally significant contributions to international peace and regional security. Peacekeeping observers have served in Africa under United Nations deployment since 2001. The U.S. conducted numerous military exercises and offered seminars on counterterrorism, peacekeeping and senior leadership in 2005 and plans more joint activities to continue advancing these objectives.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Paraguay at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). CDHS courses are designed to focus on the non-combat aspects of security and international relations, and increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, leading to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Paraguay. In September 2004, Paraguay hosted a weeklong CHDS seminar (the first such seminar held outside the United States) on Defense Transformation and Policy Formulation for civilian and military defense experts from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. In 2005, it remained an active participant in CHDS programs and will again in 2006.

Paraguay's counterterrorism program is formally managed by their Police Special Operations Force, a branch of the Paraguayan National Police, a highly motivated unit that is able to tap into other police units for support. CTFP funds have allowed this unit to train more effectively and improve their operational skills. FY 2006 CTFP funds will allow Paraguayans to attend courses on the dynamics of international terrorism and on the importance and application of intelligence in combating terrorism. These courses will move Paraguay's elite counterterrorism unit toward a greater ability to counter the international threat of terrorism. In FY 2005 Paraguay focused on taking better advantage of CTFP funding, increasing the number of its students to 31 by taking advantage of in-country military training and education teams and attending regional seminars. Some of the courses executed in 2005 included civil-military response to terrorism, a number of professional military education distance learning programs, and a special reaction/antiterrorism course. Expansion of these programs is scheduled for 2006.

As of the publication date of this report, Paraguay, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Peru

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

ALP

0

$0

1

$23,734

CTFP

104

$296,032

10

$160,814

FMS

3

$20,004

1

$8,677

IMET

0

$0

2

$32,678

INL

83

$277,262

10

$47,271

Regional Centers

58

$157,350

40

$154,200

Section 1004

226

$1,173,328

176

$2,129,614

Section 506

1

$0

0

$0

Service Academies

6

$326,904

0

$0

TOTAL

481

$2,250,880

240

$2,556,988

Peru is one of the largest countries in South America and has a strong bilateral relationship with the United States. The U.S. seeks to strengthen democratic institutions in Peru and to strengthen the Government of Peru's (GOP) ability to interdict and disrupt narcotics production and distribution. The U.S. has enjoyed excellent cooperation from the GOP in counternarcotic activities.

Training in human rights and the rule of law, and discipline in military operations helps reinforce the notion of civilian control of the military and reinforces support for the principles of human rights. Training in counternarcotic operations, professional military education, resource management, logistics and equipment maintenance provide the tools needed to professionalize and modernize Peru's military and enhance its capabilities in air operations, search and rescue and demining operations. This training is particularly important to the demining efforts along Peru's border with Ecuador in support of the 1998 peace settlement. Finally, significant training efforts in the area of counterdrug operations are underway. These activities include training to improve helicopter and other aircraft capabilities, as well as participation in training exercises with U.S. forces to improve interoperability. The Peruvian military continues to conduct operations against insurgents and narco-terrorists. Professionalization of the Peruvian military will help make these operations more efficient while training the military to avoid the excesses of counterinsurgency efforts of past decades as recently reported by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Acting on the Commission's recommendations, which include reforming the military as an institution, will be important for Peruvian society to continue developing continuing counternarcotics and counterterrorist operations while respecting the rule of law and human rights. The Peruvian military's increased participation in PKO training and exercises, much of this funded through the GPOI program, has also been a source of pride and has helped to improve their image.

The Emergency Tactical Actions Group, a branch of the Peruvian National Police, formally manages Peru's counterterrorism program. FY 2006 Counterterrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) funds will allow this unit to train more effectively and improve its skills in planning initiatives against complex targets and local threats imposed by terrorist organizations in Peru. CTFP funds have already allowed Peruvians to attend courses designed to help them better understand international counterterrorism defense and the dynamics of international terrorism. These funds have also allowed for participation in counterterrorism military education team training, as well as courses in intelligence in combating terrorism - all geared to improving Peru's ability to counter the international threat of terrorism.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Peru at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Peru.

As of the publication date of this report, Peru, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


St Kitts And Nevis

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,248

0

$0

IMET

17

$154,430

17

$189,928

Regional Centers

1

$3,850

3

$19,500

TOTAL

20

$161,528

20

$209,428

St. Kitts and Nevis is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of St. Kitts and Nevis to participate more actively in counternarcotic efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded and other training assists St. Kitts and Nevis in the development of a more professional and efficient security force, which will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotic operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Participation in training exercises with U.S. forces augments counterdrug capabilities and enhances interoperability. IMET funding, though limited, gives the best return on the investment for this nation's small security force.

As of the publication date of this report, St Kitts and Nevis is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


St Lucia

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,772

0

$0

IMET

17

$163,487

16

$161,930

Service Academies

3

$178,231

0

$0

TOTAL

22

$345,490

16

$161,930

St. Lucia is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of St. Lucia to participate more actively in counternarcotics efforts and other multilateral security activities. IMET-funded and other training assists in the development of a more professional and efficient security force that will be able to work with U.S. entities in counternarcotics operations, search and rescue operations and other bilateral and multilateral operations. Joint training exercises with U.S. forces improve counterdrug capabilities and enhance interoperability. IMET funding, though limited, gives the best return on the investment for this nation's small security force.

As of the publication date of this report, St Lucia is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


St Vincent and Grenadines

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$3,764

0

$0

IMET

0

$0

16

$192,391

TOTAL

2

$3,764

16

$192,391

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a democratic nation that has good bilateral relations with the United States. We have been encouraging the Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines to participate more actively in counternarcotics efforts and other multilateral security activities.

As of the publication date of this report, St Vincent and the Grenadines, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Suriname

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

2

$4,232

0

$0

DOHS/USCG Activities

31

$0

0

$0

IMET

16

$158,702

15

$187,390

Regional Centers

4

$11,000

2

$13,000

Service Academies

2

$96,340

0

$0

TOTAL

55

$270,274

17

$200,390

United States military security assistance objectives in Suriname are achieved through IMET, the Humanitarian Assistance Program and USSOUTHCOM's Traditional Activities Program, which assists the Surinamese Armed Forces (Nationale Leger) in becoming a more professional, apolitical service, providing external and internal security for the country, under democratic civilian-control. The U.S. military will continue to assist the Surinamese Armed Forces with the development of counterdrug and counterterrorism capabilities, with added emphasis on better systems and procedures for effective rapid response in land and sea-based tracking and interdiction operations. Particular emphasis has been devoted to encouraging the armed forces to better utilize their IMET budget, to commit national funds to future FMS purchases and to setting up an effective Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, in FY 2005 the U.S. once again welcomed participation from Suriname at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). Suriname will also participate in these programs in FY 2006. These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Suriname.

As of the publication date of this report, Suriname is not a State Party to the Rome Statute; therefore, it is not prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Trinidad and Tobago

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

33

$127,966

4

$51,667

DOHS/USCG Activities

79

$0

0

$0

FMS

2

$71,786

0

$0

IMET

0

$0

10

$227,023

Regional Centers

6

$17,300

7

$31,100

Section 506

27

$40,000

0

$0

Service Academies

1

$52,140

0

$0

TOTAL

148

$309,192

21

$309,790

Trinidad and Tobago is a democratic nation that enjoys strong bilateral relations with the United States. The Department has been encouraging the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) to participate more actively in counternarcotics efforts and other multilateral security activities. Officer training assists in professionalizing the military, while training in medicine, electronics and defense resource management help maintain the technical proficiencies of the armed forces of Trinidad and Tobago. Training in communication and maritime operations helps strengthen Trinidad and Tobago's counternarcotics efforts.

Trinidad and Tobago continues to support its interagency coordination center that gathers narcotics related information from multiple sources and disseminates it to military and enforcement agencies involved in drug interdiction operations. U.S. government counterdrug-funded training and support have enabled Trinidad and Tobago to improve its ability to interdict illegal drug shipments, strengthen anti-drug trafficking laws and participate in bilateral maritime exercises.

As a means of strengthening defense ties, the U.S. welcomes participation from Trinidad-Tobago at the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) executive courses at the National Defense University (NDU). These courses are designed to focus on the non-warfighting aspects of security and international relations and they increase awareness and understanding of U.S. policies, which lead to increased trust, transparency and confidence. The courses also allow U.S. officers to build lasting relationships with their counterparts from Trinidad-Tobago.

As of the publication date of this report, Trinidad and Tobago, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Uruguay

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

50

$225,956

9

$201,529

IMET

0

$0

89

$916,358

Regional Centers

16

$68,450

59

$127,600

Section 1004

0

$0

30

$57,194

TOTAL

66

$294,406

187

$1,302,681

The U.S. has maintained strong bilateral relations with the Government of Uruguay, especially under former President Batlle who publicly pushed for closer economic and political cooperation. Indications are positive in the relationship with the new Tabare Vasquez administration, with its recent approval of the UNITAS naval exercise. The military is subordinate to the control of the civilian political leadership. Uruguay's relations with neighbors Brazil and Argentina are excellent. The armed forces conduct a robust program of confidence and security building exercises and professional exchanges with the Brazilian and Argentine militaries that make the Southern Cone one of the least conflictive regions of the world. Among Latin American nations, the Uruguayan armed forces has been the largest per capita contributor of personnel for international peacekeeping missions, having deployed over 12,000 troops over the past decade. As of August 2005, Uruguay had 2,435 soldiers deployed on 12 peacekeeping missions. The Uruguayan government also has been a consistent contributor of humanitarian assistance to other Latin American countries during natural disasters. The Uruguayan Air Force has flown water purification equipment, medicine and other emergency supplies to Colombia, Venezuela and Central America over the past six years. The armed forces also provide all logistical and operational support for the Uruguayan scientific research base in Antarctica that is performing valuable research on environmental issues.

Prior to the restrictions of the American Servicemembers Protection Act taking effect, civilians and military officers attending the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS) and participating in IMET-funded training had helped improve civil-military relations, rationalize the defense policy planning process thus making the process increasingly transparent, build civilian expertise in defense matters and inculcate the principals of human rights in future leaders. Mid- to senior-grade officers attending professional development courses had facilitated the modernization and professionalization of the armed forces. Technical, resource management and logistics training would help Uruguay maintain and manage its defense resources, improving the Uruguayans' ability to operate with U.S. and international forces in peacekeeping operations, disaster relief missions and other joint operations.

As of the publication date of this report, Uruguay, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.


Venezuela

 

FY 2005 Actual

FY 2006 Planned

Type of Activity

Number of Students Trained

Dollar Value

Number of Projected Students

Dollar Value

CTFP

0

$0

1

$7,838

FMS

11

$168,887

3

$0

IMET

0

$0

171

$822,410

PME Exchanges

1

$0

0

$0

Regional Centers

21

$56,450

23

$66,100

TOTAL

33

$225,337

198

$896,348

President Hugo Chavez's administration, in which many military officers occupy ministerial and other senior positions, has increasingly used the Venezuelan Armed Forces for political means. Meanwhile, U.S.-Venezuelan military relations have suffered, culminating in the expulsion of the U.S. military liaison group from Venezuelan military headquarters in May 2004 and all Personnel Exchange Program officers in 2005. The military liaison group has relocated to the Embassy compound and retains limited contact with the Venezuelan Armed Forces. Since President Chavez personally disapproved two counterdrug training support missions for military personnel in October 2003, the armed forces have received no U.S. training.

Any U.S. military training accepted by the Venezuelan Government, especially in the areas of civil-military affairs and human rights, would help reinforce the military's responsibility to maintain democratic and constitutional order. Many Venezuelan NCOs and officers have previously benefited from U.S. training.

In FY 2005, Venezuela used CTFP funds to send students to the CCMR regional seminar in Paraguay and it is anticipated they will do so again in FY 2006 to attend the seminar in Uruguay. In FY 2006, they have an allocation of funds to participate in a CTFP-funded two week Civilian-Military Response to Terrorism course in Monterey, California.

As of the publication date of this report, Venezuela, a State Party to the Rome Statute, is prohibited by  � 2007 of the American Servicemembers' Protection Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7421 et seq.) from receiving military assistance.



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