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Diplomacy in Action

2009 To Walk the Earth in Safety: Reaching End States in the U.S. Humanitarian Mine Action Program


Report
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
July 7, 2009

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The U.S. Humanitarian Mine Action Program has provided a wide array of mine-action assistance—mine clearance; mine-risk education; mine survivors assistance; training of national program managers and deminers; training of medical personnel to render aid to injured deminers; personal protective equipment; robust 4x4 vehicles, specialized tractors and mine-resistant demining machines; mine-detecting dogs; metal detectors; ambulances for injured deminers and others harmed in a mine incident; aerial medevac capability; and much more—to a greater number of mine-affected countries around the world than those profiled in this edition of To Walk The Earth In Safety.

The United States has provided humanitarian mine-action assistance to nearly 50 countries since the inter-agency program’s formal inception in 1993. When a country reaches the U.S. government’s (USG) “end state,” it has sufficient indigenous mine-action capacity to handle any remaining landmine issues that arise or it has been rendered free from the humanitarian impact of landmines and unexploded ordnance (“mine-impact free”). It is accepted that limited external funds and occasional technical assistance may still be required. The chart below shows the countries that have met the USG’s end state.

Conventional Weapons Destruction End State Countries

Albania (FY07)

Eritrea (FY07)*

Jordan (FY04)

Rwanda (FY03)

Armenia (FY03)

Estonia (FY03)

Macedonia (FY03)

Swaziland (FY00)

Azerbaijan (FY08)

Guatemala (FY01)

Montenegro (FY07)

Thailand (FY02)

Djibouti (FY03)

Guinea-Bissau (FY03)

Namibia (FY03)

Yemen (FY05)

Ecuador (FY05)

Honduras (FY04)

Oman (FY02)

Zambia (FY03)


* Suspended

U.S. Humanitarian Mine Action Program Funding History

Fiscal Years 1993-2009

COUNTRYSOURCES1993-9519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009 ESTTOTAL
AFGHANISTANDOS NADR  1,0002,2002,6153,0002,8004,0005,30012,51913,70014,31713,50017,11920,000112,070
DOD OHDACA       1,800       1,800
USAID LEAHY       1,000 1,000700397350  3,447
DOS ERF       3,0003,000      6,000
DOS FMF2,0001,000      500      3,500
DOS IO1,000       1,000      2,000
DOS PRM4,0001,0002,000     1,500      8,500
DOD ARCENT       2,464       2,464
USAID5,200       13,92528,875     48,000
CDC       600700400  5050 1,800
COUNTRY TOTAL12,2002,0003,0002,2002,6153,0002,80012,86425,92542,79414,40014,71413,90017,16920,000189,581
ALBANIADOS NADR             18 18
DOD OHDACA              438438
DOS NADR-ITF      6843261,4171,7501,0001,0004801,933 8,590
USAID LEAHY         340     340
USAID SEED     1,049         1,049
COUNTRY TOTAL     1,0496843261,4172,0901,0001,0004801,95143810,435
ANGOLADOS NADR  1,0002,400 3,0962,8442,8003,5005,3006,1725,6734,5005,8805,80048,965
DOD OHDACA3,900 100         14 2004,214
USAID LEAHY 2,500768732  1,000900 8006511,000   8,351
DOS FMF1,1702,000             3,170
CDC            7575 150
COUNTRY TOTAL5,0704,5001,8683,132 3,0963,8443,7003,5006,1006,8236,6734,5895,9556,00064,850
ARGENTINADOD OHDACA       550   29   579
COUNTRY TOTAL       550   29   579
ARMENIADOS NADR     3008501,200250      2,600
DOD OHDACA     1,110 1,441 67   2003163,134
USAID LEAHY1,148              1,148
DOS FSA       1,800 1,200     3,000
COUNTRY TOTAL1,148    1,4108504,4412501,267   2003169,882
AZERBAIJANDOS NADR     5001,1001,3801,6002,4683,5003,0642,3001,280 17,192
DOD OHDACA    1401,110 1,6901,6003044834257232002856,960
DOS FSA       1,100       1,100
COUNTRY TOTAL    1401,6101,1004,1703,2002,7723,9833,4893,0231,48028525,252
BENINDOD OHDACA            14  14
COUNTRY TOTAL            14  14
BOSNIADOS NADR   3002,305          2,605
DOS NADR-ITF    6,1755,5005,1615,1502,9603,0003,3733,3003,0004,650 42,269
DOD OHDACA 1,2383752,100          1883,901
DOS PKO 1,000             1,000
DOD HAP/EP 550             550
USAID SEED 8,5005,0007,000           20,500
CDC      300500500500500500205205 3,210
COUNTRY TOTAL 11,2885,3759,4008,4805,5005,4615,6503,4603,5003,8733,8003,2054,85518874,035
BURUNDIDOS NADR            100 300400
COUNTRY TOTAL            100 300400
CAMBODIADOS NADR  1,0002,0001,5002,5802,4682,2902,7653,4663,9204,9003,9374,0674,00038,893
DOD OHDACA1,9854201,584  9020731915886180947  5,130
USAID LEAHY777  7501,3003901,9041,6001,1878652,825950   12,548
DOS FMF2,0501,000             3,050
DOS PKO 250             250
DOS PRM1,643              1,643
CDC            5050 100
COUNTRY TOTAL6,4551,6702,5842,7502,8003,0604,5794,2094,1104,4176,9255,9443,9944,1174,00061,614
CENTRAL AFRICA
REPUBLIC
DOD OHDACA
              300300
COUNTRY TOTAL              300300
CHADDOS NADR   4007326223003505009501,0001,780200  6,834
DOD OHDACA   1,5001,00017  161244169596  1003,787
COUNTRY TOTAL   1,9001,7326393003506611,1941,1692,376200 10010,621
CHILEDOD OHDACA          735973   1,708
COUNTRY TOTAL          735973   1,708
CROATIADOS NADR    600          600
DOD OHDACA              242242
DOS NADR-ITF     2,9752,6584,5701,7791,5002,3002,3002,0092,101 22,192
COUNTRY TOTAL    6002,9752,6584,5701,7791,5002,3002,3002,0092,10124223,034
COLOMBIADOS NADR           3006917704002,161
DOD OHDACA            940 4001,340
USAID LEAHY          500 2,000  2,500
CDC      505050  2005050 450
COUNTRY TOTAL      505050 5005003,6818208006,451
DJIBOUTIDOS NADR     746400404350      1,900
DOD OHDACA     227723 15067     1,167
COUNTRY TOTAL     9731,12340450067     3,067
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGOUSAID LEAHY       800   500   1,300
COUNTRY TOTAL       800   500   1,300
ECUADORDOS NADR    1,0001,000963360       3,323
DOD OHDACA     412700650  507313   2,582
COUNTRY TOTAL    1,0001,4121,6631,010  507313   5,905
EGYPTDOD OHDACA     10708        718
COUNTRY TOTAL     10708        718
EL SALVADORUSAID LEAHY1,000500             1,500
CDC     150300300450450400400195195 2,840
COUNTRY TOTAL1,000500   150300300450450400400195195 4,340
ERITREADOS NADR  500919 5001,0501,6022,4001,4522,800400   11,623
DOD OHDACA3,19053721852510 5        4,485
DOS FMF660613             1,273
DOS PKO 287             287
CDC     150150150       450
COUNTRY TOTAL3,8501,4377181,444106501,2051,7522,4001,4522,800400   18,118
ESTONIADOS NADR    335300 200235   157247 1,474
DOD OHDACA     698853    55 100 1,706
COUNTRY TOTAL    335998853200235  55157347 3,180
ETHIOPIADOS NADR  5001,220 250 1,275300      3,545
DOD OHDACA2,53253729061010 5        3,984
USAID LEAHY730      500   25   1,255
DOS FMF600400             1,000
DOS PKO 500             500
CDC     200350350400400400400173173 2,846
COUNTRY TOTAL3,8621,4377901,830104503552,125700400400425173173 13,130
GEORGIADOS NADR   39 271,0001,1001,0501,5003,0002,1231,7505,5152,64419,748
DOD OHDACA     1,110   4    2121,326
COUNTRY TOTAL   39 1,1371,0001,1001,0501,5043,0002,1231,7505,5152,85621,074
GUINEA-BISSAUDOS NADR     99489 225  400577  1,790
DOD OHDACA           1621,212704001,844
COUNTRY TOTAL     99489 225  5621,789704003,634
IRAQDOS NADR        2,950 2,840 12,00015,97320,50054,263
DOS IRRF        12,26861,0009,00013,200   95,468
CDC        350   5050 450
COUNTRY TOTAL        15,56861,00011,84013,20012,05016,02320,500150,181
JORDANDOS NADR  4005001,9001,511947850893950   464 8,415
DOD OHDACA    8591,5554        2,418
DOS FMF 300             300
CDC     200300300400400400400284284 2,968
COUNTRY TOTAL 3004005002,7593,2661,2511,1501,2931,350400400284748 14,101
KENYAUSAID LEAHY       400       400
COUNTRY TOTAL       400       400
KOSOVODOS NADR    500          500
DOS NADR-ITF     8991,9451,681   110205150 4,990
DOD OHDACA    5003,800        1924,492
USAID 2,3071,8162,3782,5371,0621,108        11,207
USAID SEED    1,6364,628         6,264
COUNTRY TOTAL 2,3071,8162,3785,17310,3883,0531,681   11020515019227,453
LAOSDOS NADR  1,0001,7001,8001,4869931,3281,2001,4122,5003,3002,5503,0501,90024,219
DOD OHDACA591,8003,737864396       5  6,861
USAID LEAHY750 8001,0001,800  500500500 1,500350  7,700
DOS FMF 500             500
DOS PKO 250             250
COUNTRY TOTAL8092,5505,5373,5643,9961,4869931,8281,7001,9122,5004,8002,9053,0501,90039,530
LATVIADOD OHDACA              113113
COUNTRY TOTAL              113113
LEBANONDOS NADR   2915301,2821,0001,2001,4759002,3001,4201,5003,55950015,957
DOD OHDACA     15  4891,1551,4705,007   8,136
USAID LEAHY   300500 600 600700700 1,4001,500 6,300
DOS IO           2,000   2,000
USAID           1,200   1,200
COUNTRY TOTAL   5911,0301,2971,6001,2002,5642,7554,4709,6272,9005,05950033,593
LIBERIAUSAID LEAHY1,115225 5001,000   416173500  500 4,429
CDC            7575 150
COUNTRY TOTAL1,115225 5001,000   416173500 75575 4,579
MACEDONIADOS NADR-ITF      1,00050597  505050 1,752
DOD OHDACA              212212
COUNTRY TOTAL      1,00050597  5050502121,964
MAURITANIADOS NADR    534461400        1,395
DOD OHDACA    4501,1231,123661595   458  4,410
COUNTRY TOTAL    9841,5841,523661595   458  5,805
MOLDOVADOD OHDACA    71          71
COUNTRY TOTAL    71          71
MONTENEGRODOS NADR-ITF             20 20
DOD OHDACA              8888
COUNTRY TOTAL             2088108
MOZAMBIQUEDOS NADR  2001,0001,9003,8402,1802,1102,6321,4922,3362,344440  20,474
DOD OHDACA6,1651002,4841,6001,100         30011,749
USAID LEAHY2,900 6331,000           4,533
DOS FMF400200             600
DOS PRM1,000              1,000
CDC     200300300400504004002525 2,100
COUNTRY TOTAL10,4653003,3173,6003,0004,0402,4802,4103,0321,5422,7362,7444652530040,456
NAMIBIADOS NADR  4007081,0534854065600      3,351
DOD OHDACA1,1651001,4851,650          1004,500
DOS FMF270400             670
COUNTRY TOTAL1,4355001,8852,3581,0534854065600     1008,521
NIGERIADOS NADR       1,449       1,449
COUNTRY TOTAL       1,449       1,449
OMANDOS NADR     1,017273495       1,785
DOD OHDACA    4179870  1,500     2,553
COUNTRY TOTAL    41,1961,143495 1,500     4,338
PERUDOS NADR    1,0001,000861225     200 3,286
DOD OHDACA     4117506504229,669     11,902
COUNTRY TOTAL    1,0001,4111,6118754229,669   200 15,188
PHILIPPINESUSAID LEAHY         750   800 1,550
COUNTRY TOTAL         750   800 1,550
RWANDADOS NADR  500625750285400350375  476   3,761
DOD OHDACA4,5801001,6101,500           7,790
DOS FMF300400             700
COUNTRY TOTAL4,8805002,1102,125750285400350375  476   12,251
SENEGALDOS NADR         112  450  562
DOD OHDACA            252  252
USAID LEAHY        500      500
COUNTRY TOTAL        500112  702  1,314
SERBIA & MONTENEGRO (FY 93 - 06)DOS NADR-ITF        8331,0211,0001,000   3,854
COUNTRY TOTAL        8331,0211,0001,000   3,854
SERBIADOS NADR-ITF            750800 1,550
DOD OHDACA              242242
COUNTRY TOTAL            7508002421,792
SLOVAKIADOD OHDACA              3838
COUNTRY TOTAL              3838
SLOVENIADOD OHDACA              3838
COUNTRY TOTAL              3838
SIERRA LEONEUSAID LEAHY     61321,000  500    1,593
COUNTRY TOTAL     61321,000  500    1,593
SOMALIADOS NADR   3431,1501,4001,4001,200450    655 6,598
COUNTRY TOTAL   3431,1501,4001,4001,200450    655 6,598
SRI LANKADOS NADR        2,4001,7752,7001,1084001,479 9,862
DOD OHDACA   183   4024      247
USAID LEAHY100200200200300400400400400900 350 500 4,350
DOS ESF       122       122
CDC      5050 25  2525 175
COUNTRY TOTAL1002002003833004004506122,8242,7002,7001,4584252,004 14,756
SUDANDOS NADR        8962,8582,5002,4202,6253,6433,40018,342
COUNTRY TOTAL        8962,8582,5002,4202,6253,6433,40018,342
SWAZILANDDOS NADR   210           210
DOD OHDACA    8288         836
COUNTRY TOTAL   2108288         1,046
TAJIKISTANDOD OHDACA         7     7
COUNTRY TOTAL         7     7
TANZANIAUSAID LEAHY  300   300600  500    1,700
COUNTRY TOTAL  300   300600  500    1,700
THAILANDDOS NADR    1,0501,2201,270650       4,190
DOD OHDACA   771,77393222968 88886  3,189
COUNTRY TOTAL   772,8232,1521,499718 88886  7,379
TUNISIADOD OHDACA           3214 100317
COUNTRY TOTAL           3214 100317
UGANDAUSAID LEAHY1,000              1,000
COUNTRY TOTAL1,000              1,000
UKRAINEDOD OHDACA              212212
COUNTRY TOTAL              212212
VIETNAMDOS NADR   1391,0961,0001,6501,5002,4272,7142,8503,3002,5752,5751,32023,146
DOD OHDACA     4549611893   2  763
USAID LEAHY4,7301,5001,5001,5001,5001,5001,5001,5001,3001,0005003,264 1,500 22,794
CDC       1004004004004007474 1,848
COUNTRY TOTAL4,7301,5001,5001,6392,5962,9543,2463,2184,2204,1143,7506,9642,6514,1491,32048,551
WESTERN HEMISPHERE (OAS, COSTA RICA, GUATEMALA, HONDURAS, & NICARAGUA)*DOS NADR  5001,4002,2421,9031,3501,6951,5112,6111,7761,7401,7001,13035019,908
DOD OHDACA3102001,4801,7206004601,170550200      6,690
USAID LEAHY    500  1004781,000     2,078
DOS FMF1,050400             1,450
USAID “MITCH”     2,000         2,000
COUNTRY TOTAL1,3606001,9803,1203,3424,3632,5202,3452,1893,6111,7761,7401,7001,13035032,126
YEMENDOS NADR   2701,4621,2361,0237507507737507003755004008,989
DOD OHDACA  783,6222167105  544    4,689
COUNTRY TOTAL  783,8921,6781,9461,02875075082775470037550040013,678
ZAMBIADOS NADR     12772816450      2,050
DOD OHDACA       424       424
COUNTRY TOTAL     127721,240450      2,474
ZIMBABWEDOS NADR   6807431,140523        3,086
DOD OHDACA   1,5001,000765         3,265
COUNTRY TOTAL   2,1801,7431,905523        6,351
GLOBAL OR
MULTILATERAL
DOS NADR   8657,5247,20210,0617,6787,8414,7353,6905,4463,1565,71016,13080,038
DOS NADR-ITF     7681,2361,7682,9142,6702,2472,1402,1533,17712,50031,573
DOD OHDACA1,2001,2006,1726,1081,3777,4243,4417,83928411,7201971,4415704,64844,180
USAID LEAHY9851159251,2003,1007,6494,2647006,5193,9027,5243,6145,9009,050 55,447
CDC      2,5002,4001,2501,5001,6251,2002,5692,569 15,613
TOTAL2,1851,3157,0978,17312,00123,04321,50220,38518,52613,64816,80612,59715,21921,07633,278226,851
SUB-TOTAL (BILATERAL AND GLOBAL)61,66433,12940,55558,32865,00291,89978,38793,709108,212179,064101,555104,87383,398105,60599,5081,304,888
 By AccountDOS NADR*  7,00018,21034,32039,49939,40739,32245,32547,98758,33455,21155,48373,83477,644591,576
DOS NADR-ITF    6,17510,14112,68414,00010,0009,9419,9209,9008,64712,88112,500116,789
DOD OHDACA25,0866,23219,61323,55910,33422,62010,88916,8003,89414,0065,2767,8625,3681,1409,364182,043
USAID LEAHY15,2355,0405,1267,18210,00010,00010,00010,00011,90011,93014,90011,60010,00013,850 146,763
ALL OTHER DOS16,14310,5002,000    6,02218,26862,2009,00015,200   139,333
ALL OTHER DOD 550     2,464       3,014
DOD RDT & E**10,0003,00014,74616,66317,23418,84712,72813,22012,89312,81213,1541,3791,3791,379 149,434
ALL OTHER USAID5,20010,8076,8169,3784,1738,7391,108 13,92528,875 1,200   90,220
CDC     9004,3005,1004,9004,1254,1253,9003,9003,900 35,150
SUB-TOTAL
(NO RDT & E) 
61,66433,12940,55558,32865,00291,89978,38793,709108,212179,064101,555104,87383,398105,60599,5081,304,888
GRAND TOTAL
(ALL ACCOUNTS)
FY93-FY09 
71,66436,12955,30174,99182,236110,74691,115106,929121,105191,876114,709106,25284,777106,98499,5081,454,322

(Dollars in Thousands)

* Does not include NADR Admin Funds.
** DOD RD &E is not reflected in specific bilateral or global numbers above.

Legend of Acronyms

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
DOD ARCENT: U.S. Army Forces, U.S. Central Command
DOD IRRF: Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund
DOD OHDACA: Overseas Humanitarian Disaster Assistance and Civic Aid
DOS ESF: Economic Support Fund
DOS FMF: Foreign Military Financing
DOS FSA: FREEDOM Support Act
DOS IO: Bureau of International Organization Affairs
DOS NADR: Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining, and Related Programs
DOS PKO: Peacekeeping Operations
DOS PRM: Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration
ITF: International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance
RDT&E: Research and Development Training and Equipment
SEED: Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States
USAID/LWVF: USAID Leahy War Victims Fund
USAID “MITCH”: USAID’s Hurricane Mitch Reconstruction Program

 



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