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Amendments to the Constitution and Convention, done at Minneapolis November 6, 1998; Transmitted by the President of the United States of America to the Senate April 30, 2003 (Treaty Doc. 108-5, 108th Congress, 1st Session); Reported favorably by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations September 23, 2008 (Senate Executive Report No. 110-28, 110th Congress, 2d Session); Advice and consent to ratification by the Senate September 25, 2008; Ratified by the President January 15, 2009; Instrument of Ratification of the United States of America deposited January 16, 2009; Entered into force for the United States January 16, 2009.

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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future