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1963 First Annual Report Recommendations, United States Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs

Chairman: John W. Gardner

  • President of the Carnegie Corporation; launched Medicare and oversaw the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) under President Johnson; founder of the non-profit public interest groups Common Cause and Independent Sector; received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964; author of many books

Summary: This first report of the Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs focused on improving the quality of professors and exchange students through incentives and funding. Various studies were also suggested. The Commission concluded that Europe needed more attention.

Major Recommendations:

  • Set up more “field selection centers” on a regional basis overseas, under private sponsorship to assist U.S. universities and private agencies in choosing properly qualified exchange students
  • Conduct a special study of private contract agencies to determine their current effectiveness and examine how they might more fully adapt themselves to the enormous growth in exchange in recent years
  • Substantially increase the salaries of professors and lecturers and provide an allowance to their dependents. Also increase the direct recruitment of qualified candidates.
  • Conduct a special study of the cultural affairs officer and determine how the USIA’s educational and cultural programs abroad affect his/her work and career
  • Improve coordination among government agencies, public and private sectors involved in the exchange of persons
  • Provide continued effort in the educational and cultural programs with Europe
  • Complete tuition grants be paid to universities for all government-sponsored foreign students
Download Report [5 MB]

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future