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Entered into force November 30, 2004.

In accordance with Article XVII of the Agreement, paragraph (d) of which states: “An amendment which has been approved by the Assembly of Parties shall enter into force . . . After the Depositary has received notice of approval, acceptance or ratification of the amendment from either:
(i) two thirds of the States which were Parties as of the date upon which the amendment was approved by the Assembly of Parties, provided that such two-thirds include Parties which then held, or whose designated Signatories then held, at least two-thirds of the total investment shares; or
(ii) a number of States equal to or exceeding eighty-five per cent of the total number of States which were Parties as of the date upon which the amendment was approved by the Assembly of Parties, regardless of the amount of investment shares such Parties or their designated Signatories then held.”
Paragraph (e) of Article XVII states: “The Depositary shall notify all the Parties as soon as it has received the acceptances, approvals or ratifications required by paragraph (d) of [Article XVII] for the entry into force of an amendment. Ninety days after the date of issue of this notification, the amendment shall enter into force for all Parties, including those that have not yet accepted, approved, or ratified it and have not withdrawn from INTELSAT.”

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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future