The 2017 Comprehensive Annual Report on Public Diplomacy and International Broadcasting, published each year as per our Congressional mandate, itemizes major public diplomacy (PD) and international broadcasting activities conducted by the U.S. Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). It is based on data collected from all seven regional and 11 functional bureaus in the State Department, the Public Affairs Sections (PAS) at U.S. embassies worldwide, and the BBG. Two-thirds of this report serves as a reference document for worldwide strategies and tactics to advance U.S. foreign policy through information and exchange programs, divided by agency and global region. It includes the cost per participant for 88 academic, professional, youth, cultural and sports programs; the total spending on PD activities at roughly 180 missions abroad; and the total spending and programs for 73 international broadcasting services. Overall PD spending in fiscal year (FY) 2016 was $2.03 billion, a $58.9 million (2.8 percent) reduction from FY 2015. This figure includes: budgets for Diplomatic and Consular Public Diplomacy Programs (D&CP .7), Educational and Cultural Exchanges (ECE), BBG, as well as supplemental funding such as Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO), Economic Support Funds (ESF), and Assistance for Europe, Eurasia & Central Asia (AEECA). FY 2016 PD spending constitutes just 3.7 percent of the international affairs budget ($55.3 billion), or 0.17 percent—less than one-fifth of a percent—of federal discretionary spending.