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Convention, with Protocol, signed at Washington October 2, 1996; transmitted by the President of the United States of America to the Senate June 25, 1997 (Treaty Doc. 105-8, 105th Congress, 1st Session); reported favorably by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations October 8, 1997 (Senate Executive Report No. 105-10, 105th Congress, 1st Session); Advice and consent to ratification by the Senate  October 31, 1997; Ratified by the President December 12, 1997; Ratifications exchanged at Bern December 19, 1997; entered into force December 19, 1997.  With exchange of notes and memorandum of understanding.

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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future