The Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO) provides technical support to conflict resolution initiatives at national and local levels. CSO helps set the stage for peace negotiations, improves U.S. strategies for diplomatic engagement, and increases adherence to peace agreements and ceasefires.
Supporting Peace Negotiations
During the negotiation of peace agreements and ceasefires, CSO provides expert technical support and advice to U.S. policy makers on designing peace negotiation engagement strategies. From Georgia to Venezuela and Sudan, CSO equipped negotiation teams with best practices that reinforced the likelihood of post-conflict stability and democratic reform.
CSO advances the implementation and durability of ceasefire agreements. For example, CSO supports the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to monitor the conflict in Ukraine and enforce the ceasefire. With its Enterprise Geospatial Information System (EGIS), CSO provides detailed civilian conflict monitoring and reporting on ceasefire violations in real time. This information continues to be instrumental during technical negotiations between Ukraine and Russia.
Peace Accord Implementation
CSO supports the implementation of signed peace agreements, improving their likelihood of success. CSO’s implementing partner, the Kroc Institute for Peace Studies, monitors and advances Colombia’s peace accord implementation. The program connected over 200 civil society groups with Colombian government agencies and helped maintain momentum for the implementation of priority provisions. As a result, the Colombian government’s implementation rate of priority provisions doubled that of the non-priorities. Measured against 34 other comprehensive peace agreements, 15 out of 30 Colombia accord provisions are above average for implementation.