INR is a bureau of the Department of State and a member of the Intelligence Community (IC). The Bureau of Intelligence and Research’s (INR) primary mission is to harness intelligence to serve U.S. diplomacy. Secretary of State George Marshall established INR in 1947. INR is a direct descendant of the Office of Strategic Services Research Department and the oldest civilian intelligence element in the U.S. Government. Ellen E. McCarthy is INR’s Assistant Secretary.
Drawing on all-source intelligence, INR provides value-added independent analysis of events to U.S. State Department policymakers; ensures that intelligence activities support foreign policy and national security purposes; and serves as the focal point in the State Department for ensuring policy review of sensitive counterintelligence and law enforcement activities around the world. The bureau directs the Department’s program of intelligence analysis and research, conducts liaison with the Intelligence Community, and represents the Department on committees and in interagency intelligence groups. The Bureau of Intelligence and Research also analyzes geographical and international boundary issues.
INR fulfills its mission through three key activities:
INR is one of three all-source analytical units in the IC. INR analysts focus primarily on supporting diplomats and diplomacy with a wide range of information and analyses. INR participates in the production of joint IC products, usually under the auspices of the National Intelligence Council (NIC), and in the drafting and coordinating of articles for the President’s Daily Briefing (PDB). INR is also the U.S. Government (USG) leader for foreign public opinion research and analysis.
Intelligence Policy and Coordination
INR coordinates between the Department of State and the IC to ensure that intelligence activities—collection and operations—support and are informed by foreign policy. Within the State Department, INR coordinates policy review of sensitive intelligence, counterintelligence, and law enforcement activities to ensure that they are consistent with foreign policy interests. INR also represents the State Department’s interests in the formulation of intelligence policy by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and by other elements of the IC.
INR leads the IC in analytic outreach. INR’s Analytic Exchange Program provides analysts and policymakers with perspectives from hundreds of outside experts from the private sector, academia, and non-governmental organizations on the most challenging foreign policy and intelligence issues. INR also runs INRtalks: an audio-video program that directly engages these experts at the request of policymakers and analysts. INR co-chairs the National Intelligence Analysis Board’s Analytic Outreach Committee, the IC’s principal coordinating body for analytic outreach.
Offices Within the Bureau of Intelligence and Research
INR Front Office and Components:
INR Front Office (INR/FO): The INR Front Office oversees INR support to the Secretary of State on all intelligence matters and activities, guides intelligence operations that provide the Secretary and Department principals with timely current intelligence and objective analyses on all critical foreign policy priorities, oversees internal INR administrative, operational and professional development activities, and represents the Department within the Intelligence Community.
Office of the Executive Director (INR/EX): The Office is responsible for INR Budget and Financial Management; Human Resources; Bureau Strategic Planning, Performance Monitoring and Evaluation; Government-wide Representation; Security; General Services; and Crisis Planning and Management.
Analytic Support and Production Staff: The Staff oversees INR programs and compliance with IC analytic tradecraft development, standards and effectiveness, manages the INR publication process, and coordinates INR intelligence integration activities in the IC.
Technology and Innovation Office (INR/TIO): The Technology and Innovation Office manages intelligence IT operations and the innovation and change management processes of the Bureau. The TIO originates new ideas and innovations generated by others to include technology and production activities that support INR and IC objectives and missions.
INR Watch: Co-located with the State Department Operations Center, the INR Watch serves as State’s 24-hour intelligence nerve center. Members of the Watch are intelligence gatekeepers for the Department, working to inform State Department Principals of late breaking intelligence on current events and priority policy issues.
Office of Analysis for African Affairs (INR/AF): The Office of Analysis for African Affairs conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, social and other issues in the countries of Africa.
Office of Analytic Outreach (INR/AO): The Office manages the IC Analytic Outreach Program. It conducts analytic exchanges and seminars with non-government experts to explore alternative perspectives and generate new knowledge, providing policymakers and intelligence analysts with opportunities to benefit from private sector expertise, research, and analysis on foreign policy and national security issues.
Office of Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific (INR/EAP): The Office conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, social and other issues in the East Asia and Pacific region (Burma/China east through the Pacific Islands).
Office of Economic Analysis (INR/EC): The Office conducts research and analysis and briefs Department principals on current and longer-range issues involving international economic issues, energy, trade and investment, unfair business practices, industrial policy, high-tech industries, international financial markets, illicit finance and sanctions.
Office of Analysis for Europe (INR/EUR): The Office of Analysis for Europe conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, social and other issues concerning Europe.
Office of the Geographer and Global Issues (INR/GGI): The Office conducts research, analysis, and briefs Department principals on a range of transboundary issues, environment and development, humanitarian crises and refugees, UN affairs, human rights and security, wildlife trafficking, and war crimes. Its Geographic Information Unit provides cartography support, GIS applications, and boundary and sovereignty analysis and research. The Humanitarian Information Unit provides analysis and graphics on humanitarian challenges and complex emergencies worldwide.
Office of Analysis for Near Eastern Affairs (INR/NEA): The Office conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, and social issues in the Middle East and North Africa.
Office of Opinion Research (INR/OPN): The Office conducts analysis of foreign opinion in all regions of the world, provides intelligence support to Department principals, and conducts public opinion polls and surveys to gauge foreign attitudes toward governance, international security, trade and economy, ethnic and social relations, democratic transitions, and other issues.
Office of Analysis for Russia and Eurasia (INR/REA): The Office conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, social and other issues in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, and the countries of the Caucasus and Central Asia regions.
Office of Analysis for South Asia (INR/SA): The Office conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, and social issues in the South Asia and the Indian Ocean.
Office of Strategic, Proliferation, and Military Issues (INR/SPM): The Office conducts research and analysis and briefs Department principals on a wide range of strategic, arms control, proliferation, WMD, political-military issues and conflicts.
Office of Analysis for Terrorism, Narcotics, and Crime (INR/TNC): The Office conducts analysis and research and briefs Department principals concerning worldwide terrorism, narcotics, and crime and U.S. international relationships and interests affected by these matters.
Office of Analysis for the Western Hemisphere (INR/WHA): The Office conducts research and analysis, and briefs Department principals, on a broad range of political, diplomatic, and social issues in the Western Hemisphere.
Intelligence and Policy Coordination
Office of Consular and Management Liaison (INR/CML): The Office is the primary liaison for INR intelligence support to the Bureau of Consular Affairs, and liaison with the FBI, the National Counterterrorism Center, and the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC). INR/CML coordinates the Department’s personnel, financial, administrative, and other management support to the IC.
Office of Cyber Affairs (INR/CYBER): The Office of Cyber Affairs conducts analysis and research and briefs Department principals on Cyber issues, policies and operations of foreign countries and non-state actors, and coordinates policymaker review of cyber-related operations.
Office of Intelligence Operations and Oversight (INR/OPS): The Office of Intelligence Operations and Oversight ensures foreign policy oversight of intelligence and counterintelligence operations. It coordinates INR’s engagements with Congress and provides intelligence oversight training and guidance for Ambassadors and Deputy Chiefs of Mission. INR/OPS serves as a resource for biographic information on foreign leaders.
Office of Intelligence Policy and Information Sharing Center (INR/PSC): The office coordinates the use and sharing of intelligence and other information in diplomatic exchanges and ensures IC and Department of Defense sharing activities are consistent with U.S. foreign policy objectives. INR/PSC represents the Department at interagency fora responsible for issues pertaining to intelligence policy processes and privacy, civil liberties, and transparency.
Office of Technical Collection Affairs (INR/TCA): The Office of Technical Collection Affairs provides support and expertise to INR analysts and Department policymakers on tasking technical intelligence systems and ensuring that technical intelligence activities overseas are conducted in accordance with foreign policy objectives.