The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works to keep Americans safe at home by countering international crime, illegal drugs, and instability abroad. INL helps countries deliver justice and fairness by strengthening their police, courts, and corrections systems. These efforts reduce the amount of crime and illegal drugs reaching U.S. shores.
INL provides foreign assistance funds to Mozambique to address criminal justice, transnational crime, and counternarcotic challenges by building capacity to combat corruption and enforce the rule of law.
Since the end of its civil war in the early 1990s, Mozambique has made great strides in becoming a peaceful and stable nation. Despite this steady economic and political development, Mozambique faces growing criminal justice, transnational crime, and counternarcotic challenges. Mozambique is located in an increasingly important part of Africa and has vast land and sea borders. However, it has demonstrated limited willingness and capacity to manage these borders and has increasingly become a transit point for trafficking in narcotics, persons, andr contraband. As Mozambican authorities seek to provide security and justice, widespread corruption undercuts service delivery and accountability and allows money laundering and financial crime to persist.
High level commitment by the government of Mozambique to developing and implementing progressive policies and fighting corruption and criminality has been inconsistent. Despite demonstrating political will in some areas — for instance by passing key anticorruption legislation — the government has faltered in others, including prosecuting drug trafficking and effectively implementing the anticorruption legislation. Strengthening democratic governance in Mozambique benefits the United States by reducing transnational criminality and the negative impact to development and rule of law of such activity.
INL’s objective is to build a broader base of engagement with the Mozambican government to address border management, transnational crime, and corruption. To address Mozambique’s challenges, INL’s assistance programs focus on building capacity in government institutions that have demonstrated a commitment to combating corruption and enforcing the rule of law.
INL partners with the Attorney General’s Office of Mozambique to target border security and the capacity to investigate and prosecute corruption. In 2013, INL deployed a resident legal advisor to the Office of the Attorney General. The resident legal advisor is providing strategic training to help prosecutors implement anticorruption legislation passed by the legislature in 2012, and to improve collaboration between the Office of the Attorney General and police investigators. INL has also provided training to prosecutors on the control of illegal immigration, and the trafficking of narcotics, contraband, and persons to improve the Government of Mozambique’s ability to interdict and prosecute criminality related to its vast air, land, and sea borders. INL funds training, through the International Organization for Migration, to increase the technical and operational capacities of specialized law enforcement units charged with monitoring and securing the border from transnational crime.