The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works to keep Americans safe at home by countering international crime, illegal drugs, and instability abroad. INL helps countries deliver justice and fairness by strengthening their police, courts, and corrections systems. These efforts reduce the amount of crime and illegal drugs reaching U.S. shores.
Challenges: The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal faces a number of significant challenges to its justice system. Not only has Nepal continued to struggle with the aftermath of the devastating 2015 earthquake, but the country’s justice system remains weak, having not successfully transitioned to a transparent, stable or effective post-conflict system.
Goals: The United States seeks to build the capacity of Nepal’s justice and law enforcement institutions to face these challenges, contribute to regional and global security, and provide justice services to its citizens. The INL objective in Nepal is to support a sustainable, effective, and community-focused justice sector and promote human rights and rule of law through technical assistance, training, infrastructure development, and limited equipment donations. Substantively, the INL program is focused on developing institutionalized training programs; organizational reform and development; promoting human rights and democratic policing; enhancing participation by women and marginalized groups; improving cooperation across the justice sector; and improving specialized investigative, prosecutorial, and judicial capacity in areas such as combatting human trafficking and cybercrime.
Accomplishments: INL’s law enforcement program, implemented by the Department of Justice’s International Criminal Investigation Training Assistance Program (ICITAP), has worked with the Nepal Police (NP) and Armed Police Force (APF) to build their training and institutional capacity since 2006. The program has built investigative capacity through training on conducting interviews, trafficking in persons, and polygraph examinations. Additionally, the program has also developed infrastructure at police training centers, including building the first training simulation rooms for scenario based training at the Nepal Police Academy and barracks for female police officers at a regional police training center and developed 61 Human Rights and Democratic Policing mobile training teams for the NP and APF. The INL-funded justice sector program implemented by the Department of Justice’s Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training Program (OPDAT) has delivered expertise on criminal law and procedure to hundreds of Nepali government officials, jurists, defense attorneys, academics, and law students. OPDAT promotes long-term stability and criminal justice reform in Nepal by promoting the rule of law by, for instance, annually hosting the only Moot Court Competition for Nepali law students, and building capacity to combat transnational crime and corruption with frequent concentrated trainings on effective methods to combat narcotics, human, and wildlife trafficking, as well as cyber and financial crimes. INL’s International Police Peacekeeping Operations Support (IPPOS) program also has a robust partnership with Nepal and supported pre-deployment training and training development of over 2,000 Nepalese police who deployed to UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, Haiti, and Sudan.