The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works to keep Americans safe at home by countering international crime, illegal drugs, and instability abroad. INL helps countries deliver justice and fairness by strengthening their police, courts, and corrections systems. These efforts reduce the amount of crime and illegal drugs reaching U.S. shores.

Challenges: Pakistan, a nuclear-armed country of 190 million people grappling with terrorists groups, including ISIS-K and the Pakistani Taliban is critical to promoting stability and security in the region. With the election of a new civilian government in 2018, the transition marked the second consecutive peaceful transfer of power between civilian governments. Pakistan continues to be targeted by numerous terrorist groups that conduct attacks against Pakistani government, security forces, and civilian targets. The Pakistani government has taken steps to increase cooperation with the U.S. on areas of mutual interest. We continue to work to expand cooperation on security issues, including border security, law enforcement and justice sector development, corrections and counternarcotics.

Goals: INL works with Pakistani authorities to combat extremism and expand governance by enhancing the professionalism and capabilities of civilian law enforcement entities and improve public confidence in these institutions. Through training and equipment, INL is helping to increase the capacity of civilian law enforcement maintain law and order and improve the adjudication of complex crimes, like terrorism. INL is also supporting Pakistan’s efforts to manage a sustainable, humane and effective correctional system and enhance surveillance and border monitoring activities to improve counterterrorism and counternarcotics activities.

Accomplishments: INL’s forensics support has led to the convictions of terrorists and hardened criminals across the country, including more than 100 convictions in Sindh Province alone. In the border region, as reported by the Frontier Corps-KP, INL-constructed border outposts and facilities have reduced civilian and law enforcement casualties by 35 percent, cross-border infiltrations by 25 percent, and the smuggling of narcotics, kidnapping for ransom, and other crimes on the Afghanistan border by 20 percent. In 2017, with the support of INL, Pakistan’s Anti-Narcotics Force reported seizing 19.5 MT of heroin, 32.6 MT of opium, and 102 MT of hashish – denying revenue to drug trafficking organizations and terrorist groups. Also, INL has trained over 1,150 prosecutors, judges, courtroom administrators, and investigators on prosecutions. INL has sponsored over 270 Pakistan prison officials for training at the International Corrections Management Training Center in Colorado to assist the corrections system manage high-threat prisoners from extremist groups.

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future