The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works to keep Americans safe at home by countering international crime, illegal drugs, and instability abroad. INL helps countries deliver justice and fairness by strengthening their police, courts, and corrections systems. These efforts reduce the amount of crime and illegal drugs reaching U.S. shores.
Challenges: Tajikistan continues to face challenges to its security, stability, and ability to deliver justice to its citizens due to its long, porous border with Afghanistan, the legacy of the five-year civil war that followed its independence from the Soviet Union, and the need to continue to reform the criminal justice sector inherited from Soviet times. Compounding these challenges are Tajikistan’s position astride a major trafficking route for opiates transiting from Afghanistan to Russia and Eastern Europe, and an economy dependent on remittances from labor migrants.
Goals: INL’s primary goals are to: 1) minimize the impact of international crime terrorist organizations on the United States by disrupting criminal organizations and violent extremists; 2) ensure peace and stability; and 3) promote just and democratic governance. INL programming supports the Government of Tajikistan’s efforts to secure its borders in order to combat drug trafficking, illicit activity and terrorists, counter trafficking in persons, and strengthen the rule of law and respect for human rights.
Accomplishments: The International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs bureau (INL) has worked on community policing since 2010, and has established 32 Community Policing Partnership Team (CPPTs) and 49 Community Policing Centers in four provinces. The community policing program has enabled the Tajik government to more effectively implement the national police reform strategy by cooperating with local government officials and community leaders in order to address a range of conflict and security issues, including the root causes underpinning support for violent groups. The community policing program addresses local issues that can lead to extremism, such as crime, conflict, gender based violence, and insecurity. In rule of law, INL assisted in the establishment of the Law Reform Working Group (LRWG), which brings together Parliamentarians and justice sector actors to draft laws that conform to international standards, and the Defense Bar, and continues to support these entities. INL programming builds the Border Guard Service’s capacity to protect Tajikistan’s borders; promotes the nation’s integrated border management strategy; increases cooperation and coordination both across borders and within the Tajik bureaucracy; and facilitates cooperation between Tajik and neighboring country’s border security forces. Since 2005, INL has constructed or renovated 14 border posts.