The Office of Security Negotiations and Agreements in the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM/SNA) leads the negotiation and conclusion of security agreements that:
- Facilitate the deployment and movement of U.S. forces and materiel abroad
- Provide status protections for U.S. service members operating overseas
- Reduce financial obligations for the U.S. Government, and
- Enhance bilateral defense relationships on a global scale.
PM/SNA is engaged in over a dozen negotiations of security agreements at any given time. In this pursuit, PM/SNA draws on expertise from the Department of Defense’s (DoD) Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Office of the General Counsel, the Joint Staff, Combatant Commands, the Department’s regional bureaus and Embassies, and the Office of the Legal Adviser.
These security agreements include:
- Defense Cooperation Agreements (DCA)
- Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA)
- Access Agreements
- Transit and Overflight Arrangements
- State flights agreements, and
- Burden-sharing agreements such as the U.S.-ROK Special Measures Agreements (SMA) or U.S.-Japan Host Nation Support agreements.
PM/SNA also coordinates policy reviews and approvals for logistics agreements, such as acquisition and cross-servicing agreements (ACSA), which are normally negotiated by DoD.
Since 2017, PM/SNA has concluded:
- Landmark DCAs with Bahrain, Estonia, Ghana, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and the United Arab Emirates
- SOFAs with the Bahamas, Cabo Verde, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and Saudi Arabia
- An agreement clarifying the scope of the civilian component with Japan
- An agreement to apply provisions of the NATO SOFA to Joint Forces Command Norfolk
- New access agreements with El Salvador, Honduras, Iceland, Oman, and Poland
- Rail-transit and air-navigation agreements with Kazakhstan
- A Mutual Airlift Support Agreement (MASA) with the Republic of Korea, and
- An Air Transport, Air-to-Air Refueling and other Exchange of Services Agreement that facilitates DoD’s participation in NATO missions and contingency operations
- the 10th SMA with the Republic of Korea
- Renewed an extension of a cost-sharing arrangement with Luxembourg
- ACSAs with the Bahamas, Brazil, and Panama, and a Mutual Logistics Support Agreement with the Philippines.