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Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs

Division for Counter Threat Finance and Sanctions

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Economic Sanctions, Countering Terrorist Financing, Anti-Money Laundering, and Conflict Minerals

The Counter Threat Finance and Sanctions (TFS) division is responsible for developing and implementing sanctions to counter threats to national security posed by particular activities, terrorist groups, and countries. TFS advises the Secretary on economic sanctions strategies to achieve U.S. foreign policy objectives and works with other agencies to enact such strategies. TFS builds international support for the implementation of economic sanctions, provides foreign policy guidance to the Department of Treasury and Department of Commerce on sanctions implementation, and engages with Congress on legislation that advances U.S. foreign policy goals in these areas.

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Economic Sanctions Policy and Implementation

TFS maintains and enforces sanctions to maximize their economic impact on their targets and minimize the damage to U.S. economic interests. We also work to remove economic sanctions when appropriate to reward and incentivize improved behavior or demonstrate U.S. support for newly established democratic governments. In addition, TFS conducts outreach on sanctions to a wide range of interested parties including foreign governments, the private sector, and NGOs.

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Countering Terrorist Financing, Anti-Money Laundering, and Conflict Minerals

TFS advances policies that seek to minimize the funding available to a variety of groups that pose a threat to domestic, international, and regional security. These groups include terrorists and regional insurgencies that exploit the illicit trade in conflict diamonds and conflict minerals to fund their operations against legitimate governments. TFS oversees the Department’s international engagement on anti-money laundering and counter terrorist financing (AML/CFT) issues, including through the Financial Action Task Force.

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