In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. Appendix) and its regulations, the Department is providing, below, a list of readings assigned to members of the Commission.  Other than the founding documents (such as the U.S. Constitution) and treaty documents, the documents cited below do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of State. 


The Declaration of Independence

The United States Constitution

UN General Assembly, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948, 217 A (III)

UN General Assembly, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171

Glendon, Mary Ann. A World Made New. New York: Random House, 2003.

Glendon, Mary Ann. “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70: Can the Post-World-War-II Human Rights Project Be Saved?” Lecture, Harvard Catholic Center, April 10, 2019.

Shetty, Salil. “Decolonising Human Rights.” Amnesty International. May 22, 2018.

Reno, R. R. “Against Human Rights: R. R. Reno.” First Things. May 01, 2016. Accessed July 12, 2019.

Hopgood, Stephen. The Endtimes of Human Rights. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2015.

Moyn, Samuel. “Human Rights Are Not Enough.” The Nation. March 16, 2018.

“Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im: On Human Rights, the Secular State and Sharia Today.” UNESCO. March 15, 2019.

John Locke, Second Treatise on Government, §§ 4, 128-131
(Reprinted 2003 in Shapiro, Two Treatises of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration)

Alexander Hamilton, The Farmer Refuted
(Reprinted 1961 in Frisch, Selected Speeches and Writings of Alexander Hamilton, 19-22)

George Washington, Letter to Congress, By Unanimous Order of the Convention
(Reprinted 1911 in Farrand, The Records of the Federal Convention, Vol. II, 666-667)

Jud Campbell, Republicanism and Natural Rights at the Founding
(Published 2017 in 32 Constitutional Commentary, 85-112)

Sunstein, Cass R. “Rights and Citizenship.” U.S. Department of State’s Commission on Unalienable Rights Meeting, November 1, 2019.

Patterson, Orlando. “Freedom, Slavery, and the Modern Construction of Rights.” Historical Change and Human Rights, by Olwen H. Hufton, The Oxford Amnesty Lectures, 1994, pp. 156–178.

Cartabia, Marta. “The Age of ‘New Rights.’” NYU Straus Institute Working Paper 03/10, 2010.

Carozza, Paolo G. “Subsidiarity as a Structural Principle of International Human Rights Law.” The American Journal of International Law, vol. 97, no. 1, 2003, p. 38., doi:10.2307/3087103.

Carozza, Paolo. “The Protean Vocabulary of Human Rights.” unpublished lecture delivered at a United Nations event in Geneva . 3 June 2013, Geneva.

Maritain, Jacques. “Human Rights Comments and Interpretations, A Symposium by UNESCO.” Wingate, Human Rights Comments and Interpretations, A Symposium by UNESCO, 1948, pp. 1–15.

“The Declaration of Independence.” A World Made New, by Mary Ann Glendon, Random House, 2003, pp. 172–191.

“Universality Under Siege.” A World Made New, by Mary Ann Glendon, Random House, 2003, pp. 220–233.

Orentlicher, Diane F. “The Power of an Idea: The Impact of United States Human Rights Policy.” Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, vol. 1, 1991, pp. 48–60.

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future