U.S.-Bosnia and Herzegovina Relations
The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 following its independence from Yugoslavia. A period of conflict followed among Bosnia’s Muslims, Croats, and Serbs over control of the former Yugoslav republic's territory. The 1992-95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was ended with the crucial participation of the U.S. in brokering the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement. After leading the diplomatic and military effort to secure the Dayton accords, the U.S. has continued to lead the effort to ensure its implementation. The U.S. maintains command of NATO headquarters in Sarajevo. It also has donated hundreds of millions of dollars to help with reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, economic development, and military reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
U.S. Assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina
U.S. Government assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina aims to fully anchor the country in European and Euro-Atlantic institutions, strengthen multi-ethnic democratic institutions and civil society, support strong State-level judiciary and law enforcement sectors, and increase prosperity and attractiveness to foreign investors.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a transitional economy that is pursuing membership in the European Union and the World Trade Organization. More than 40 U.S. and U.S.-affiliated companies have established a full-time presence in the country. In 2016, the U.S. exported over $29 million in goods to Bosnia and Herzegovina, while imports totaled over $75 million.