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U.S. Relationship

U.S.-Brazil Relations

The United States and Brazil enjoy deep and broad political and economic relations. Following Brazil’s Independence in 1822, the United States was one of the first countries to recognize Brazil, in 1824. As the largest democracies in the Western Hemisphere, the United States-Brazil partnership is rooted in a shared commitment to sustainable economic growth and prosperity; promotion of international peace, security, and respect for human rights; protection of the environment and biodiversity; and strong defense and security cooperation.

U.S.-Brazil Bilateral Economic Relations

Brazil is the world’s twelfth-largest economy, and the United States is Brazil’s second-largest trading partner. Two-way trade in goods and services was $98.4 billion ($78 billion in goods and $20.4 billion in services) in 2021, a significant recovery compared to $77.3 billion registered during the pandemic in 2020. In 2021, the United States had an overall trade surplus of $25.5 billion for goods and services, including a $15.5 billion trade surplus for goods alone. Brazil’s main imports from the United States are aircraft, machinery, petroleum products, and medical instruments. The United States is Brazil’s second-largest export market. Brazil’s primary export products to the United States are crude oil, aircraft, iron and steel, and machinery. The U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis counted $67.5 billion of U.S. direct investment in Brazil as of 2021 on a historical cost basis; the Brazil Central Bank measured the total at $123.9 billion as of 2020.

U.S. Assistance to Brazil

The U.S. Department of State’s Bureaus of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL), of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), U.S. Department of Justice, and U.S. Forest Service, and other partners provide law enforcement and justice sector investigation and prosecution training for Brazilian counterparts to support their efforts to combat trafficking of wildlife, gold, timber, and other conservation crimes that impact both the United States and Brazil.

U.S. Department of State

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