U.S.-Cabo Verde Relations
The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Cabo Verde in 1975, following its independence from Portugal. A model of democratic governance, the country enjoys relatively high literacy rates, high per capita income, and positive health indicators. Cabo Verde’s current administration has prioritized relations with the U.S. and Europe. The country has partnered with U.S. law enforcement officials to fight drug trafficking. Top U.S. priorities in Cabo Verde are maritime security, increasing bilateral trade, and economic development.
U.S. Assistance to Cabo Verde
Given that Cabo Verde has the best development indicators of any country in West Africa and is a lower middle-income country, U.S. assistance is focused and limited. In November 2017, Cabo Verde completed its second Millennium Challenge Corporation compact ($66.2 million) which focused on water, sanitation, and land management reforms. Limited U.S. security, counternarcotics, and law enforcement assistance seeks to build the capacity of Cabo Verde’s military and police to respond effectively to various security challenges.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Cabo Verde has become a global leader in solar and wind energy and has sought expanded ties with American companies to develop these renewable resources. Cabo Verde and the U.S. have signed an Open Skies agreement to facilitate air travel safety and expansion, which has led to the establishment of direct flights to and from New England. Cabo Verde is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.