The United States and Canada share the longest international border on the planet and our bilateral relationship is one of the closest and most extensive in the world. It is reflected in the high volume of bilateral trade—more than $1.8 billion a day in goods and services—and in people-to-people contact–about 400,000 people cross between the countries every day. In fields ranging from border security and law enforcement to environmental protection to free trade, the two countries work closely together on multiple levels, from local/provincial to federal.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States and Canada share the world’s largest and most comprehensive trading relationship, which supports millions of jobs in each country. The United States and Canada traded goods and services of $680 billion in 2017 – more than $1.8 billion per day. In addition, Canada is the single largest foreign supplier of energy to the United States. Canada holds the third largest oil reserves after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, and is the only non-OPEC member in the top five. Canada and the United States operate an integrated electricity grid under jointly developed reliability standards. Uranium mined in Canada helps fuel U.S. nuclear power plants.
The United States and Canada share equally in their support of Fulbright Canada. The Fulbright program is a reciprocal residential exchange, providing opportunities for outstanding American and Canadian students, scholars, and independent researchers to study, lecture, and/or conduct research in the other country. Fulbright Canada offers awards for undergraduate students through the highly acclaimed Killam Fellowships program. Canada is one of the countries included in the 100,000 Strong in the Americas initiative, which seeks to increase student mobility between the United States and the countries of the Western Hemisphere.