The United States established diplomatic relations with Colombia in 1822, following its independence from Spain. Colombia is a middle-income country and one of the oldest democracies in Latin America. The United States and Colombia share a commitment to promoting security, prosperity and democratic governance in Colombia and across the Western Hemisphere.
U.S. Assistance to Colombia
The U.S. government supports Colombian efforts to transition from conflict towards peace by working in the most conflictive and neglected rural areas of Colombia, where violence, the lack of government presence, and the absence of licit economic opportunities have historically converged. U.S. programs include support for Colombian government initiatives: implementation of Colombian government land reforms; support and protection for vulnerable populations; greater educational opportunities, public and private investments; reintegration of ex-combatants; and respect for human rights, social inclusion and the rule of law.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Colombia is an important trade partner for the United States, underscored by the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (CTPA) that has supported economic growth and employment opportunities in both countries. The CTPA aims to improve the investment environment, eliminate tariffs and other barriers to U.S. exports and expand trade. Primary U.S. exports to Colombia include oil, machinery, agricultural products, and organic chemicals. Primary U.S. imports from Colombia include crude oil, gold, coffee, and cut flowers. Approximately 250 U.S. businesses conduct operations in Colombia. U.S. direct investment in Colombia is primarily concentrated in the mining and manufacturing sectors.