The U.S. established diplomatic relations with Mauritius in 1968, following its independence from the United Kingdom. In the years following independence, Mauritius became one of Africa's most stable and developed economies, as a result of its multi-party democracy and free market orientation. Relations between the U.S. and Mauritius are cordial, and we collaborate closely on bilateral, regional, and multilateral issues. Mauritius is a leading beneficiary of the African Growth and Opportunity Act and a U.S. partner in combating maritime piracy in the Indian Ocean.
U.S. Assistance to Mauritius
U.S. foreign assistance to Mauritius focuses on strengthening the Government of Mauritius’ coastal and maritime security capabilities. The U.S. provides training to Mauritian security officers in such fields as counter-terrorism methods, forensics, seamanship, and maritime law enforcement. The U.S. provides numerous exchange programs to and from the U.S. for experts and scholars to reach targeted Mauritian audiences. Mauritius also benefits from diverse U.S.-led local education and training opportunities, including programs for Mauritian law enforcement and members of the judiciary through the Department of Justice.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Mauritius is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. U.S. exports to Mauritius include agricultural and industrial machinery, precious stones and jewelry, and optical/medical instruments. U.S. imports from Mauritius include textiles and apparel, precious stones and jewelry, processed fish, primates, sunglasses and sugar. More than 200 U.S. products or companies are represented in Mauritius. About 25 have offices in Mauritius, serving the domestic and/or the regional market, mainly in the information technology, renewable energy, textile, fast food, and express courier sectors. U.S. brands are sold widely. Several U.S. franchises have been operating for a number of years in Mauritius. The U.S. and Mauritius have signed a bilateral trade and investment framework agreement.