The United States established diplomatic relations with Norway in 1905, following Norway’s separation from its union with Sweden. The United States and Norway enjoy a long tradition of friendly relations based on democratic values and mutual respect. The two countries work closely together on a wide range of issues that are of importance to both nations and to the rest of the world. Norway is a co-founder and steadfast strategic Ally in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It hosts and participates in NATO exercises and in operations with Allies and Partners, and is a contributor to the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, which provides training, advice, and support to the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. Norway is also an active member of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, and has deployed trainers to Iraq in the support of Operation Inherent Resolve. Since January 2017, Norway has hosted a limited, rotational presence of U.S. Marines for cold weather exercises and training, and the Marines will continue to train in Norway under its new force design reorganization.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States and Norway have a dynamic economic partnership that is creating jobs, driving the development of safe and secure energy sources, and fostering innovation. As the world’s second-largest exporter of natural gas and eleventh-largest exporter of oil, Norway plays an important stabilizing role in energy markets and energy security. Many U.S. companies participate in Norway’s petroleum sector, and vice versa. The United States and Norway are also committed to increasing access to modern energy services for the 1.4 billion people on the planet today who do not have any access to energy.