In 1994 civil war broke out in Yemen over North-South contentions and the country continues to struggle with issues over unification. In the fall of 2014, Houthi militant groups allied with forces loyal to ex-President Ali Abdallah Saleh entered the capital, Sanaa, and seized control of government institutions – sending the Hadi government into exile in Saudi Arabia. U.S. Embassy Sanaa suspended operations in February 2015. A Saudi-led Coalition of ten member states initiated an air-campaign in March 2015. The country remains deeply divided, with pockets of violent conflict ongoing. The Houthi-Saleh coalition continues to control much of the northwest, including the capital. Meanwhile, the Yemeni government has re-established an intermittent presence in the southern port city of Aden.
U.S. Assistance to Yemen
The ongoing conflict exacerbated already high levels of need in Yemen, pushing the country into a humanitarian crisis. The UN estimates that more than 24 million people, or 75% of the entire population, are in need of humanitarian assistance, more than any other single country today. The U.S. government has provided more than $721 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen since the beginning of fiscal year 2017. Through USAID and the Bureau for Population Refugees and Migration, the U.S. Government supports interventions including emergency food assistance, medical treatment and vaccination support for children, emergency obstetric services for women, blankets and household goods for displaced families, and hygiene kits and water treatment supplies to reduce the spread of disease.