The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international, multi-stakeholder initiative created to increase transparency and oversight in the diamond industry in order to eliminate trade in conflict diamonds, or rough diamonds sold by rebel groups or their allies to fund conflict against legitimate governments. The KP, which became operational in 2003, controls trade in rough diamonds between participating countries through domestic implementation of a certification scheme that makes the trade more transparent and secure; and prohibits trade with non-participants. Fifty-four participants representing 81 countries participate in the KP, with industry and civil society participating as observers. Rough diamonds must be shipped in sealed containers and exported with a Kimberley Process Certificate that certifies that the rough diamonds have not benefited rebel movements.
The State Department’s Office of Threat Finance Countermeasures in the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs coordinates U.S. Government interagency implementation of the Kimberley Process pursuant to the Clean Diamond Trade Act of 2003.
For further information, contact the U.S. State Department's Special Advisor for Conflict Diamonds at USKimberleyProcess@state.gov.