Nature provides the resources on which humans depend for our survival and economic growth.  Natural ecosystems provide essential resources such as food, water, fuel, and medicines, as well as basic services that make life possible, such as air and water filtration, crop pollination, and protection from storms and floods.  The conservation, use and management of these resources and ecosystems provide the foundation for healthy, resilient communities and economies, which in turn promote stability and prosperity throughout the world.  

Conserving and managing shared natural resources requires international cooperation, multilateral, regional and bilateral diplomacy, and information sharing.  ECW leads U.S. participation in a range of intergovernmental and international processes to promote conservation and is also responsible for international policy issues related to invasive species, migratory birds, parks and protected areas, pollinators, sustainable tourism, and wildlife conservation.