Fact Sheet
BUREAU OF INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH
Washington, DC
March 27, 2019


See also:
Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty

Total count of independent states: 195
* Diplomatic relations with the United States
+ Member of United Nations
! New change, since previous list

STATE

Short-form name Long-form name GENC 2A Code (see Note 2) GENC 3A Code (see Note 2) Capital
Afghanistan *+ Islamic Republic of Afghanistan AF AFG Kabul
Albania *+ Republic of Albania AL ALB Tirana
Algeria *+ People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria DZ DZA Algiers
Andorra *+ Principality of Andorra AD AND Andorra la Vella
Angola *+ Republic of Angola AO AGO Luanda
Antigua and
Barbuda *+
Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG Saint John’s
Argentina *+ Argentine Republic AR ARG Buenos Aires
Armenia *+ Republic of Armenia AM ARM Yerevan
Australia *+ Commonwealth of Australia AU AUS Canberra
Austria *+ Republic of Austria AT AUT Vienna
Azerbaijan *+ Republic of Azerbaijan AZ AZE Baku
Bahamas, The *+ Commonwealth
of The Bahamas
BS BHS Nassau
Bahrain *+ Kingdom of Bahrain BH BHR Manama
Bangladesh *+ People’s Republic
of Bangladesh
BD BGD Dhaka
Barbados *+ Barbados BB BRB Bridgetown
Belarus *+ Republic of Belarus BY BLR Minsk
Belgium *+ Kingdom of Belgium BE BEL Brussels
Belize *+ Belize BZ BLZ Belmopan
Benin *+ Republic of Benin BJ BEN Porto-Novo
Cotonou (seat of government)
Bhutan + Kingdom of Bhutan BT BTN Thimphu
Bolivia *+ Plurinational State of Bolivia BO BOL La Paz (administrative)
Sucre (legislative/judiciary)
Bosnia and
Herzegovina *+
Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH Sarajevo
Botswana *+ Republic of Botswana BW BWA Gaborone
Brazil *+ Federative Republic of Brazil BR BRA Brasília
Brunei *+ Brunei Darussalam BN BRN Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria *+ Republic of Bulgaria BG BGR Sofia
Burkina Faso *+ Burkina Faso BF BFA Ouagadougou
Burma *+ Union of Burma MM MMR Rangoon
Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
Burundi *+ Republic of Burundi BI BDI Bujumbura
Cabo Verde *+ Republic of Cabo Verde CV CPV Praia
Cambodia *+ Kingdom of Cambodia KH KHM Phnom Penh
Cameroon *+ Republic of Cameroon CM CMR Yaoundé
Canada *+ Canada CA CAN Ottawa
Central
African Republic *+
Central African Republic CF CAF Bangui
Chad *+ Republic of Chad TD TCD N’Djamena
Chile *+ Republic of Chile CL CHL Santiago
China *+ (see note 3) People’s Republic of China CN CHN Beijing
Colombia *+ Republic of Colombia CO COL Bogotá
Comoros *+ Union of the Comoros KM COM Moroni
Congo (Brazzaville) *+
(see note 4)
Republic of the Congo CG COG Brazzaville
Congo (Kinshasa) *+
(see note 4)
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
CD COD Kinshasa
Costa Rica *+ Republic of Costa Rica CR CRI San José
Côte d’Ivoire *+ Republic of Côte d’Ivoire CI CIV Yamoussoukro
Croatia *+ Republic of Croatia HR HRV Zagreb
Cuba *+ Republic of Cuba CU CUB Havana
Cyprus *+ Republic of Cyprus CY CYP Nicosia
Czechia *+ Czech Republic CZ CZE Prague
Denmark *+ Kingdom of Denmark DK DNK Copenhagen
Djibouti *+ Republic of Djibouti DJ DJI Djibouti
Dominica *+ Commonwealth of Dominica DM DMA Roseau
Dominican Republic *+ Dominican Republic DO DOM Santo Domingo
Ecuador *+ Republic of Ecuador EC ECU Quito
Egypt *+ Arab Republic of Egypt EG EGY Cairo
El Salvador *+ Republic of El Salvador SV SLV San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea *+ Republic of Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ Malabo
Eritrea *+ State of Eritrea ER ERI Asmara
Estonia *+ Republic of Estonia EE EST Tallinn

 

Eswatini *+

Kingdom of Eswatini   SZ   SWZ Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (legislative)
Ethiopia *+ Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia
ET ETH Addis Ababa
Fiji *+ Republic of Fiji FJ FJI Suva
Finland *+ Republic of Finland FI FIN Helsinki
France *+ French Republic FR FRA Paris
Gabon *+ Gabonese Republic GA GAB Libreville
Gambia, The *+ Republic of The Gambia GM GMB Banjul
Georgia *+ Georgia GE GEO Tbilisi
Germany *+ Federal Republic of Germany DE DEU Berlin
Ghana *+ Republic of Ghana GH GHA Accra
Greece *+ Hellenic Republic GR GRC Athens
Grenada *+ Grenada GD GRD Saint George’s
Guatemala *+ Republic of Guatemala GT GTM Guatemala City
Guinea *+ Republic of Guinea GN GIN Conakry
Guinea-Bissau *+ Republic of Guinea-Bissau GW GNB Bissau
Guyana *+ Co-operative Republic of Guyana GY GUY Georgetown
Haiti *+ Republic of Haiti HT HTI Port-au-Prince
Holy See * Holy See VA VAT Vatican City
Honduras *+ Republic of Honduras HN HND Tegucigalpa
Hungary *+ Hungary HU HUN Budapest
Iceland *+ Republic of Iceland IS ISL Reykjavík
India *+ Republic of India IN IND New Delhi
Indonesia *+ Republic of Indonesia ID IDN Jakarta
Iran + Islamic Republic of Iran IR IRN Tehran
Iraq *+ Republic of Iraq IQ IRQ Baghdad
Ireland *+ Ireland IE IRL Dublin
Israel *+ State of Israel IL ISR Jerusalem
Italy *+ Italian Republic IT ITA Rome
Jamaica *+ Jamaica JM JAM Kingston
Japan *+ Japan JP JPN Tokyo
Jordan *+ Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan
JO JOR Amman
Kazakhstan *+ Republic of Kazakhstan KZ KAZ ! Nur-Sultan
Kenya *+ Republic of Kenya KE KEN Nairobi
Kiribati *+ Republic of Kiribati KI KIR Tarawa
Korea, North + Democratic People’s Republic of Korea KP PRK Pyongyang
Korea, South *+ Republic of Korea KR KOR Seoul
Kosovo * Republic of Kosovo XK XKS Pristina
Kuwait *+ State of Kuwait KW KWT Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan *+ Kyrgyz Republic KG KGZ Bishkek
Laos *+ Lao People’s
Democratic Republic
LA LAO Vientiane
Latvia *+ Republic of Latvia LV LVA Riga
Lebanon *+ Lebanese Republic LB LBN Beirut
Lesotho *+ Kingdom of Lesotho LS LSO Maseru
Liberia *+ Republic of Liberia LR LBR Monrovia
Libya *+ State of Libya LY LBY Tripoli
Liechtenstein *+ Principality of Liechtenstein LI LIE Vaduz
Lithuania *+ Republic of Lithuania LT LTU Vilnius
Luxembourg *+ Grand Duchy of Luxembourg LU LUX Luxembourg
Madagascar *+ Republic of Madagascar MG MDG Antananarivo
Malawi *+ Republic of Malawi MW MWI Lilongwe
Malaysia *+ Malaysia MY MYS Kuala Lumpur
Maldives *+ Republic of Maldives MV MDV Male
Mali *+ Republic of Mali ML MLI Bamako
Malta *+ Republic of Malta MT MLT Valletta
Marshall Islands *+ Republic of the
Marshall Islands
MH MHL Majuro
Mauritania *+ Islamic Republic
of Mauritania
MR MRT Nouakchott
Mauritius *+ Republic of Mauritius MU MUS Port Louis
Mexico *+ United Mexican States MX MEX Mexico City
Micronesia,
Federated States of *+
Federated States
of Micronesia
FM FSM Palikir
Moldova *+ Republic of Moldova MD MDA Chisinau
Monaco *+ Principality of Monaco MC MCO Monaco
Mongolia *+ Mongolia MN MNG Ulaanbaatar
Montenegro *+ Montenegro ME MNE Podgorica
Morocco *+ Kingdom of Morocco MA MAR Rabat
Mozambique *+ Republic of Mozambique MZ MOZ Maputo
Namibia *+ Republic of Namibia NA NAM Windhoek
Nauru *+ Republic of Nauru NR NRU Yaren District
(no capital city)
Nepal *+ Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal NP NPL Kathmandu
Netherlands *+ Kingdom of the Netherlands NL NLD Amsterdam
The Hague (seat of government)
New Zealand *+ New Zealand NZ NZL Wellington
Nicaragua *+ Republic of Nicaragua NI NIC Managua
Niger *+ Republic of Niger NE NER Niamey
Nigeria *+ Federal Republic of Nigeria NG NGA Abuja
North Macedonia *+ Republic of North Macedonia MK MKD Skopje
Norway *+ Kingdom of Norway NO NOR Oslo
Oman *+ Sultanate of Oman OM OMN Muscat
Pakistan *+ Islamic Republic of Pakistan PK PAK Islamabad
Palau *+ Republic of Palau PW PLW Ngerulmud
Panama *+ Republic of Panama PA PAN Panama City
Papua New Guinea *+ Independent State
of Papua New Guinea
PG PNG Port Moresby
Paraguay *+ Republic of Paraguay PY PRY Asunción
Peru *+ Republic of Peru PE PER Lima
Philippines *+ Republic of the Philippines PH PHL Manila
Poland *+ Republic of Poland PL POL Warsaw
Portugal *+ Portuguese Republic PT PRT Lisbon
Qatar *+ State of Qatar QA QAT Doha
Romania *+ Romania RO ROU Bucharest
Russia *+ Russian Federation RU RUS Moscow
Rwanda *+ Republic of Rwanda RW RWA Kigali
Saint Kitts and Nevis *+ Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA Basseterre
Saint Lucia *+ Saint Lucia LC LCA Castries
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines *+ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT Kingstown
Samoa *+ Independent State of Samoa WS WSM Apia
San Marino *+ Republic of San Marino SM SMR San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe *+ Democratic Republic of
Sao Tome and Principe
ST STP São Tomé
Saudi Arabia *+ Kingdom of Saudi Arabia SA SAU Riyadh
Senegal *+ Republic of Senegal SN SEN Dakar
Serbia *+ Republic of Serbia RS SRB Belgrade
Seychelles *+ Republic of Seychelles SC SYC Victoria
Sierra Leone *+ Republic of Sierra Leone SL SLE Freetown
Singapore *+ Republic of Singapore SG SGP Singapore
Slovakia *+ Slovak Republic SK SVK Bratislava
Slovenia *+ Republic of Slovenia SI SVN Ljubljana
Solomon Islands *+ Solomon Islands SB SLB Honiara
Somalia *+ Federal Republic of Somalia SO SOM Mogadishu
South Africa *+ Republic of South Africa ZA ZAF Pretoria (administrative)
Cape Town (legislative)
Bloemfontein (judiciary)
South Sudan *+ Republic of South Sudan SS SSD Juba
Spain *+ Kingdom of Spain ES ESP Madrid
Sri Lanka *+ Democratic Socialist
Republic of Sri Lanka
LK LKA Colombo
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
Sudan *+ Republic of the Sudan SD SDN Khartoum
Suriname *+ Republic of Suriname SR SUR Paramaribo
Sweden *+ Kingdom of Sweden SE SWE Stockholm
Switzerland *+ Swiss Confederation CH CHE Bern
Syria *+ Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR Damascus
Tajikistan *+ Republic of Tajikistan TJ TJK Dushanbe
Tanzania *+ United Republic of Tanzania TZ TZA Dar es Salaam
Dodoma (legislative)
Thailand *+ Kingdom of Thailand TH THA Bangkok
Timor-Leste *+ Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste TL TLS Dili
Togo *+ Togolese Republic TG TGO Lomé
Tonga *+ Kingdom of Tonga TO TON Nuku’alofa
Trinidad and Tobago *+ Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago
TT TTO Port of Spain
Tunisia *+ Republic of Tunisia TN TUN Tunis
Turkey *+ Republic of Turkey TR TUR Ankara
Turkmenistan *+ Turkmenistan TM TKM Ashgabat
Tuvalu *+ Tuvalu TV TUV Funafuti
Uganda *+ Republic of Uganda UG UGA Kampala
Ukraine *+ Ukraine UA UKR Kyiv
United Arab Emirates *+ United Arab Emirates AE ARE Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom *+ United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR London
United States + United States of America US USA Washington, DC
Uruguay *+ Oriental Republic of Uruguay UY URY Montevideo
Uzbekistan *+ Republic of Uzbekistan UZ UZB Tashkent
Vanuatu *+ Republic of Vanuatu VU VUT Port-Vila
Venezuela *+ Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela VE VEN Caracas
Vietnam *+ Socialist Republic of Vietnam VN VNM Hanoi
Yemen *+ Republic of Yemen YE YEM Sanaa
Zambia *+ Republic of Zambia ZM ZMB Lusaka
Zimbabwe *+ Republic of Zimbabwe ZW ZWE Harare

OTHER

Short-form name Long-form name GENC 2A Code (see Note 2)! GENC 3A Code (see Note 2)! Capital
Taiwan (see note 5) (no long-form name) TW TWN Taipei

Source: Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C


NOTES
Note 1: In this listing, the term “independent state” refers to a people politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite territory recognized as independent by the US.

Note 2: Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes (GENC) Standard two-letter and three-letter codes. GENC is the replacement standard for FIPS 10-4 and is the U.S. Government profile of the ISO 3166 international country code standard. For more information on GENC please see https://nsgreg.nga.mil/genc/discovery.

Note 3: With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the US Government recognized the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China.

Note 4: “Congo” is the official short-form name for both the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To distinguish one from the other, the U.S. Department of State adds the capital in parentheses. This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Note 5: Claimed by both the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the authorities on Taiwan. Administered by the authorities on Taiwan. (see note 3)

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